The Privat Group, or PrivatBank Group (Ukrainian: Група “Приват”, Grupa "Privat") is a global business group, based in Ukraine. Privat Group controls thousands of companies of virtually every industry in Ukraine, the European Union, Georgia, Ghana, Russia, the United States and other countries. Steel, oil & gas, chemical and energy are sectors of the group's prime influence and expertise. None of the group's capital is publicly traded on any stock exchange.
Key businesses of the group (including the Privatbank itself) are based in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, which is regarded[by whom?] as its "homeland". The group's founding owners, natives of Dnipro, made their entire careers there.
- 1 Structure
- 2 Relations and controversies
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
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The businesses of Privat Group are not formally included in a corporation, and its top managers sometimes state that there is no such group at all. However, either PrivatBank or "Privat-Intertrading" company indirectly own all companies regarded as parts of the group. Typically, industrial companies are controlled through a complicated chain of offshore companies. Despite this, the Ukrainian public has a clear understanding of what exactly belongs to the group. To describe such relations, the media use the wording “company X is controlled by the Privat Group" or "the business of the X company is being organized by the PrivatBank". The group never denies such statements.
Various steel companies form the core of the Privat Group, presenting a full manufacturing chain of metallurgy. This oldest and most important part of the group is mostly located in and around Dnipro (location specified in parenthesises below).
Ore mining and processing companies
- Marhanets Mining&Processing Kombinat and Ordzhonikidze Mining&Processing Kombinat extract and enrich ferroalloy ores, controlling the domestic market of this raw material (cities of Marhanets and Pokrov, respectively)
- “Suha Balka” JSC extracts iron ore (Kryvyi Rih)
- Pivdennyi Mining&Processing Kombinat (co-owned with Vadim Novinskyi) extracts and enriches iron ore (also in Kryvyi Rih)
Apart from its ferroalloy-ore assets, Privat Group has stakes in all three of Ukraine's ferroalloy mills and controls two of them.
- formerly Nikopol Ferroalloys Plant, the world's second ferroalloy manufacturer (co-owned and fiercely fought over with the Interpipe Group) (Nikopol), the privatisation was declared illegal in 2006.
- Stakhhanov Ferroalloys Plant (Stakhanov, Luhansk Oblast of Ukraine)
- Zaporizhzhia Ferroalloys Plant (Zaporizhzhia)
- Alapayevsk Metallurgy Plant (Alapayevsk, Russia)
- Ferroalloys company in Romania (mentioned by the group co-owner but undisclosed as yet)
- Highlanders Alloys LLC (New Haven, United States)
- Dnipropetrovsk Metallurgy Kombinat named after Petrovskyi (Dnipro)
According to the media, Privat Group owns significant shares in Ukrnafta and NPK Halychyna, controlling their business. Ukrnafta is the half-state-owned national oil company, dealing with extraction of petroleum and gas condensate, as well as retailing gasoline through its large gas station network. NPK Halychyna owns and operates an oil refinery in Drohobych, Lviv Oblast.
The group also recently acquired control over Illichivsk Fuel Terminal Company, operating the oil & petrol terminal in the Black Sea port of Illichivsk.
The group owns Kamianske based chemical plant "Dniproazot" with 1000000 tons per year of ammonia capacity and 750000 tons per year of urea capacity.
Privat Group owns the Dnipro-based “Biola” soft drinks company.
The group may also control sugar beet processing plants throughout Ukraine.
In 2005, Privat Group bought controlling shares in five companies that fully control electricity distribution in Ivano-Frankivsk, Poltava, Sumy, Chernihiv and Lviv Oblasts. The names of these companies are the name of the respective oblast with the -oblenergo ending, e.g. “Poltavaoblenergo”.
Privat Group officially controls the Privat-TV regional television channel in Dnipro. Ihor Kolomoyskyi, one of the group's co-owners, brought a court suit demanding the right to purchase a controlling stake in Channel 1+1, a popular nationwide TV company. According to media, Privat Group also controls the UNIAN news agency.
They own 2/3rd of Optima Ventures, a Miami-based real estate investment firm led by Chaim Schochet. Optima owns more than 5 million square feet of real estate in the United States and is the largest holder of real estate in Downtown Cleveland owning One Cleveland Center; 55 Public Square; the Huntington Bank Building; and the Penton Media Building.
Relations and controversies
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Privat Group is involved in a permanent and fierce business conflict with Ukrainian oligarch Viktor Pinchuk and his Interpipe Group. The groups are based in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, sharing a long and complicated history of relations. Presently, the conflict focuses on the bilaterally owned Nikopol Ferroalloys Plant (Interpipe now controls the plant’s business). Both sides apply full-scale legal, public relations and political methods in the conflict. Ihor Kolomoyskyi (the main owner of Privat Group) and Pinchuk sometimes insult each other in their interviews.
Before the Orange Revolution, Privat Group had been widely regarded as relatively uninvolved in politics, but loyal to the Leonid Kuchma regime. After the government change, the group's owners, according to media, became close allies of Yulia Tymoshenko (although she publicly denies this). Analysts agree that some of Tymoshenko's decisions as the Prime Minister of Ukraine supported Privat side in conflicts.
- Ukrainian government nationalizes PrivatBank - KyivPost
Ukraine's biggest lender PrivatBank nationalised, BBC News (19 December 2015)
- Colossi With Feet of Clay, The Ukrainian Week (22 February 2013)
- "The Privat group considers itself non-existing at all. The ghost register for the semi-gost group is a normal situation.""Attempt №7". Zerkalo Nedeli. September 3–9, 2005.in Russian, in Ukrainian
- Cleveland Plain Dealer: "The most important guy you've never heard of: Chaim Schochet, 25, builds downtown Cleveland empire" By Michelle Jarboe McFee February 04, 2012
- Blumberg Capital Partners: "Optima International Purchases More Cleveland Property" 2008]
- McFee, Michelle Jarboe (May 16, 2008). "One Cleveland Center sold for $86 million". The Plain Dealer. cleveland.com - Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- Crain's Cleveland Business: "Huntington Building in downtown Cleveland sold to Florida's Optima International" By STAN BULLARD June 23, 2010
- "Privat Group's dossier entry" (in Russian). proUA.com. Retrieved April 5, 2006.
- "Igor Kolomoisky: "I told Pinchuk, ‘Life is a supermarket. You can take whatever you like, but the cash desk is at the end’"" (in Russian). Zerkalo Nedeli. August 20–26, 2005.
- (in Russian)/(in Ukrainian)"PRIVATization of oil assets". Zerkalo Nedeli. July 24–30, 2004. in Russian, in Ukrainian