PrivatBank

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PrivatBank
Public Joint-Stock Company
Industry Banking, investment
Founded 1992
Headquarters Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
Key people
Oleksandr Shlapak (Chairman)[1]
Services Financial services
Revenue Increase 18.910 billion[2]
Increase1.307 billion (for 2013)[3]
Owner Government of Ukraine[4]
Number of employees
over 30 000
Parent Privat Group
Subsidiaries AS PrivatBank (Latvia)
AS PrivatBank (Portugal)
AS PrivatBank (Italia)
PrivatBank IBU(Cyprus)
Website privatbank.ua
Head office of PrivatBank in Dnipropetrovsk (2010)
PrivatBank office in Kiev (2008)

PrivatBank (Ukrainian: ПриватБанк[7]) is the largest commercial bank in Ukraine,[8] in terms of the number of clients, assets value, loan portfolio and taxes paid to the national budget. PrivatBank has its headquarters in Dnipropetrovsk, in central Ukraine.

On 18 December, 2016, the bank was nationalized by the government of Ukraine, taking 100% ownership.[9]

History[edit]

PrivatBank was one of the first private commercial banks, established in Ukraine. Decision on PrivatBank establishment was taken at the meeting of its founders on 7 February 1992. On 19 March 1992 the bank already passed its state registration.[10] by Serhiy Tihipko was one of the founders[11] and the first Chairman of the Board.

Privatbank was founded in Latvia in the year 1992. One of the first and oldest banks in Latvia.[12]

At the very beginning PrivatBank had just one office and several computers. It was the first in Ukraine who introduce plastic cards and ATMs. PrivatBank was also the first financial organization in Ukraine to get international rating.

In 1996 it became a full member of Visa International payment system and commenced the large-scale plastic card emission.

In 1997 PrivatBank became the first Ukrainian bank to obtain rating statement from Thomson BankWatch International Rating Agency, and become a full member of Europay payment system.

In 1998 the bank obtained its rating statement from Fitch IBCA International Rating Agency. In November 1998 the bank won a tender and was selected as a servicing bank authorized to perform in Ukraine the payments of the Swiss Holocaust Memorial Fund.

In 1999 PrivatBank opened its International Banking Unit in Cyprus. PrivatBank branch in Nicosia was the first Ukrainian bank branch established abroad.

In 2000 the bank was included in the group of banks authorized to pay compensations to Ukrainian citizens suffered from Nazi pursuit during the Second World War. In 2000 the PrivatBank’s form of ownership changed – on 6 July PrivatBank members decided on the bank’s reorganization from Limited Liability Company to Closed Joint-Stock Company. Thereupon, on 4 September 2000 the first Articles of Association of the Closed Joint-Stock Company Commercial Bank "PrivatBank" were registered.

A significant event in the Ukrainian banking system was the start-up in 2001 of "Privat24" project, provided a number of customers with an opportunity to manage their accounts online in real time, perform regular payments, transfer funds, etc.

In February 2002 PrivatBank emitted its millionth plastic card. In April 2002 PrivatBank representative was selected to Visa CEMEA (Central Europe, Middle East, Eastern Europe, and Africa) Board of Directors.

In 2003, PrivatBank was named the best service quality bank by its Western Union clients. The same year the bank received STP Excellence Award from Deutsche Bank, confirming its professionalism in international payments.

PrivatBank was the first Ukrainian bank to place Eurobonds in the amount of USD 100 mln at the European market. Besides, PrivatBank was the first in Ukraine to obtain Standard&Poor’s "B-" rating. International rating agency Fitch assigned the final long-term "B-" rating to Eurobonds of PrivatBank.

By the decision of shareholders’ at the meeting on 30 April 2009 the bank’s activity was brought into compliance with the Law of Ukraine "On Joint-Stock Companies": relevant alterations were introduced in the bank’s Articles of Association, and the joint-stock company’s type was changed from Closed to Public. Also the bank’s name was changed to Public Joint-Stock Company Commercial Bank "PrivatBank". These changes became effective on 21 July 2009 (license of the National Bank of Ukraine No. 22 dated 29 July 2009).

In 2010 PrivatBank increased its net profit by 30% - to ₴1.370 billion comparing to 2009. The bank’s assets over the above period grew by 32% and on 1 January 2011 made up ₴113.437 billion, customers’ loans and receivables increased by 36% to ₴101.855 billion, liabilities – by 34% to ₴101.557 billion, authorized capital – by 13% to ₴8.860 billion, and owners’ equity – by 16% to ₴11.880 billion.

In March 2014 Russia put the Moscow subsidiary of Ukraine's Privatbank "Moskomprivatbank" under temporary administration, according to the Russian central bank to prevent its bankruptcy; but "Moskomprivatbank" chairman said the move was the result of "political tensions in relations".[13] On 2 April 2014 PrivatBank sold "Moskomprivatbank" to B&N Bank.[14]

PrivatBank shareholders[edit]

Before the bank was nationalized in December 2016 shares of PJSC CB "PrivatBank" were equally distributed among 21 individuals (99.794% of the total number of shares) and 5 legal entities (0.206%). Thereat over 98% of shares are owned by the two shareholders: Hennadiy Boholubov (23 773,384 shares or 49.027% of the total number) and Ihor Kolomoyskyi (23 834,849 shares or 49.154%). Boholubov, Kolomoyskyi (with Oleksiy Martynov) were also the (3) members of the bank's Supervisory Board.

2016 nationalization[edit]

After a two year investigation the bank was nationalized by the government of Ukraine, taking 100% ownership, on 18 December 2016.[9] The National Bank of Ukraine stated the bank a capital shortfall of about $5.65bn and that about 97% of its corporate loans had gone to companies linked to its shareholders.[9] The bank's major shareholder, Ihor Kolomoyskyi, agreed with the nationalizing.[15] The former management of the bank blamed the demise of the bank on "the accounting policy of the National Bank, which has ceased to accept borrowings that we had and that had earlier been accounted for".[16] President Poroshenko stated "It’s obvious that the only way to save the bank and ensure the safety of its clients’ funds is to bring it into state ownership".[17]

Innovations[edit]

Innovative technologies in everyday PrivatBank operations help to maintain its leading position at the Ukrainian financial market. PrivatBank employees utilize both commonly used technologies such as Skype,[18] Google Docs and Google Wave and their own exclusive developments, for example, electronic document management system "PrivatDoc". PrivatBank was the first bank in Ukraine to offer its customers a simple internet based banking system. On 20 January 2011 "Privat24" internet-bank included 773,890 users. Other today widely used bank′s technologies are

  • Mobilebanking System that allows a customer to manage his/her bank card accounts and make payments through a mobile phone by SMS with a code to the bank server
  • LiqPAY — payment platform, designed by PrivatBank specialists, combining Visa money transfer technology, and advantages of Internet and mobile channels
  • 3-D Secure Technology launched by the bank in 2010 provides protection against fraud
  • Electronic "Coin-Free" change technology allows transferring change to a customer not through coins, but in the form of electronic money to their mobile phone account or in the form of an electronic voucher.

Social projects[edit]

In 2011 PrivatBank, plans to launch a new social project "PrivatBank against drugs".

In January 2011, PrivatBank within 24 hours arranged fee-free fundraising campaign to aid Domodedovo explosion victims (Moscow, Russian Federation). Only in Ukraine over ₴105 thousand was raised.[19] In October 2010 it aided to families of those who died in the road accident in Marganets (Dnepropetrovsk Region, Ukraine); ₴101 thousand raised),

In 2010, PrivatBank established a separate charity project "To help is easy!" designed to collect donations for orphanages. The bank provides its ATM infrastructure for fee-free fundraising for charity funds.

In March 2010, it supported sufferers from the explosion in Moscow Subway (₴11 thousand)

In June–July 2008, the company helped sufferers from the flood in Eastern Ukraine (₴530 thousand).

In 2008, JuniorBank was formed, where children and teenagers learn finance. In 2010, within the project "Create with pleasure!", exhibition galleries with creative works of retirees were arranged in the bank departments. With the help of "Skype: Victory Day" project veterans from many cities and countries were able to find their friends and talk to them. The project was nominated to the European Excellence Awards 2010.

International presence[edit]

International PrivatBank network comprises such bank partners as MoscomPrivatBank (Russian Federation), AS PrivatBank (Latvia), AS PrivatBank[20] (Portugal) and TaoPrivatBank (Georgia).[21] Besides, PrivatBank has its branches and representative offices in 12 countries of the world, including Italy, Cyprus, Great Britain, Spain and China.

On 16 August 2007, the name of PrivatBank's Latvian subsidiary, AS Banka Paritāte, was officially changed to AS PrivatBank as part of a strategy to strengthen the banking group's regional brand recognition.[22]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Shlapak welcomed as new head of PrivatBank, KyivPost (19 December 2015)
    Ukraine Takes Over Biggest Lender to Cap Sweeping Bank Purge, Bloomberg News (18 December 2015)
  2. ^ https://drive.google.com/file/d/0ByNKAKT7mLFoMnQzczQ5cVc0RWM/edit
  3. ^ https://drive.google.com/file/d/0ByNKAKT7mLFoMnQzczQ5cVc0RWM/edit
  4. ^ http://www.kmu.gov.ua/control/uk/publish/article?art_id=249597705&cat_id=244276429
  5. ^ https://static.privatbank.ua/files/docs/fin_zvit_2_2016.pdf
  6. ^ https://static.privatbank.ua/files/docs/fin_zvit_2_2016.pdf
  7. ^ The correct romanization from the Ukrainian alphabet should spell PryvatBank
  8. ^ "CIS Banks Review". Interfax. 2006-02-16. Archived from the original on 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  9. ^ a b c Ukrainian government nationalizes PrivatBank - KyivPost
    Ukraine's biggest lender PrivatBank nationalised, BBC News (19 December 2015)
  10. ^ General Information, Official website
  11. ^ Political Pulse: Presidential field takes shape, Kyiv Post (11 November 2009)
  12. ^ http://www.baltic-legal.com/banking-in-latvia-list-of-banks-privatbank-eng.htm PrivatBank - Baltic Legal (1992.)
  13. ^ Bitter times for chocolate factory in Russia-Ukraine crisis, Reuters (2 April 2014)
  14. ^ (Russian) Kolomoysky sold Russian "daughter", "Privat", Status quo (2 April 2014)
  15. ^ (Ukrainian) Experts: Kolomoisky and Poroshenko to agree on "Privatbank", Deutsche Welle (19 December 2016)
  16. ^ Week’s balance: budget-2017, new tax rules, and PrivatBank nationalization, UNIAN (24 December 2016)
  17. ^ David Stern (20 December 2016). "Ukraine's 'bold' move to nationalize bank". POLITICO. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Skype press release PrivatBank and Skype to Become Partners in Ukraine". 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  19. ^ "Ukrainians send money for Domodedovo blast victims, KyivPost, 28 Jan 2011". Kyivpost.com. Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  20. ^ privatbank.pt
  21. ^ "PrivatBank expands into Georgia, KyivPost, 9 Aug 2007". Kyivpost.com. 2007-08-09. Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  22. ^ "AS PrivatBank press release". 2007-08-17. Retrieved 2008-02-01. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]