Private Dancer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Private Dancer
Tina Turner Private Dancer US CD cover art 1984 original.jpg
Standard cover art (original CD edition pictured)
Studio album by
ReleasedMay 29, 1984 (1984-05-29)
Recorded1983–1984
StudioFarmyard, Mayfair, Wessex, Good Earth, Abbey Road, CBS (London, England)
Genre
Length44:02
LabelCapitol
Producer
Tina Turner chronology
Love Explosion
(1979)
Private Dancer
(1984)
Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome
(1985)
Singles from Private Dancer
  1. "Let's Stay Together"
    Released: November 7, 1983
  2. "Help!"
    Released: February 25, 1984
  3. "What's Love Got to Do with It"
    Released: June 4, 1984
  4. "Better Be Good to Me"
    Released: September 12, 1984
  5. "Private Dancer"
    Released: October 28, 1984
  6. "I Can't Stand the Rain"
    Released: March 1, 1985
  7. "Show Some Respect"
    Released: May 4, 1985

Private Dancer is the fifth solo studio album by Tina Turner. It was released on May 29, 1984, through Capitol Records and was her first album released through the label. Recording sessions for the album took place at several studios in England and was overseen by four different production teams, including Rupert Hine, and Martyn Ware of Heaven 17. A radical departure from the rhythm and blues sound Turner had performed with her former husband and performing partner Ike Turner, the tracks in the album are a mixture of uptempos and ballads, inspired by pop and rock genres; it also features elements of smooth jazz and R&B.

After several challenging years of going solo after divorcing Ike, Private Dancer propelled Turner into becoming a viable solo star, as well as one of the most marketable crossover singers in the recording industry. It became a worldwide commercial success, earning multi-platinum certifications in Australia, Austria, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. To date, it remains her best-selling album in North America. Private Dancer produced seven singles, including "What's Love Got to Do with It", "Better Be Good to Me", "Private Dancer", and "Let's Stay Together". Positively received by critics on release for Turner's ability to give energy and raw emotion to slickly produced professional pop/rock songs, its longterm legacy is that the softening of her raw Southern soul style produced a "landmark" in the "evolution of pop-soul music".[1] The album was promoted throughout 1985 in a 177-date worldwide tour entitled the Private Dancer Tour.

In 2020, the album was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the National Recording Registry for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[2]

Background and production[edit]

A&R man John Carter of Capitol Records is credited with relaunching the career of Tina Turner in the 1980s.[3] In 1983, despite opposition from within Capitol, he signed her and managed her first album for the label, Private Dancer. The album itself was produced in England using several different producers.[1]

"Let's Stay Together" was produced by Martyn Ware of British band Heaven 17. Terry Britten produced the reggae-tinged "What's Love Got to Do with It". Rupert Hine produced "Better Be Good to Me", which had been written by Holly Knight, Mike Chapman, and Nicky Chinn, and most of the other songs.[4] John Carter produced "Private Dancer", which was written by Mark Knopfler and has a guitar solo by Jeff Beck. "Help!" was recorded with The Crusaders.

Release[edit]

The album was released on May 29, 1984, and became an outstanding global commercial success.[5][6][7] The album peaked at number three on the Billboard 200 chart for ten consecutive weeks[8] and remained in the top ten for 39 weeks from August 1984 to May 1985. It was eventually certified 5× platinum in the United States.[9] In Germany, the album went 5× gold becoming one of the best selling albums in history. Private Dancer peaked at number two on the UK Albums Chart, where it was certified 3× platinum, remaining on the charts for 150 total weeks. It was certified 7× platinum for the shipment of over 700,000 copies in Canada by the Canadian Recording Industry Association. The album has sold more than 10 million copies worldwide.[10][11][12]

The album produced a number of highly successful singles including "What's Love Got to Do with It" which went to number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 and stayed there for three weeks. At the 1985 Grammy Awards, Private Dancer won four of the six awards for which it was nominated. No less than seven of the album's ten tracks (nine in the U.S.) were released as singles: "Let's Stay Together", which was a UK Top 10 hit and a US Top 30 hit; "Help!"; "Better Be Good to Me"; "Private Dancer"; "I Can't Stand the Rain" and "Show Some Respect" (1985).

In 1997, EMI, the parent label of Capitol Records, released a digitally remastered Centenary Edition of the Private Dancer album on CD, then including four additional demo tracks recorded in late 1983 and early 1984 with the producer John Carter, first released as B-sides to some of the Private Dancer singles, as well as three extended 12" remixes. The album remains the only Tina Turner studio album to have been re-issued in digitally remastered form.

In 2015, the 30th Anniversary edition of this album was released by the Parlophone Records unit of Warner Music Group which now controls this album.[13]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4.5/5 stars[14]
American Songwriter5/5 stars[15]
Christgau's Record GuideA−[16]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music4/5 stars[17]
Q4/5 stars[18]
Rolling Stone4/5 stars[4]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide4/5 stars[19]

The album received a positive reception from critics. The Los Angeles Times wrote that Turner's voice "melts vinyl".[20] Debby Miller, in a July 1984 Rolling Stone review, felt that the album was a powerful comeback, with Turner's voice "rasping but strong", and a range of songs that were all good in a "modern rock setting" that was "neither detached nor very fussy".[4] Robert Christgau felt that she was able to deliver with honesty the "middlebrow angst of contemporary professional songwriting" and remain in control of an album with four different production teams to give it a "seamless authority".[21]

Tour[edit]

A 177 date tour to promote the album took place from February 8, 1985, to December 28, 1985. Called the Private Dancer Tour, there were 60 shows in Europe, 105 in North America, 10 in Australia, and 2 in Japan. Opening acts in North America included Glenn Frey and Mr. Mister. As well as songs from the album, Turner performed hits from her time with Ike & Tina, such as "River Deep – Mountain High", "Nutbush City Limits", and "Proud Mary".

Legacy[edit]

Alex Henderson, in a retrospective AllMusic review, says that the album was slicker than her R&B classics recorded with Ike & Tina, but she was still able to sing with a throaty passion to deliver her finest solo production.[22] Stephen Holden has written in The New York Times that by using her English producers to soften her raw Southern soul style, discarding the "blaring horns, frenzied percussion and gospel calls and responses", the album became a "landmark" in the "evolution of pop-soul music".[1]

Michael Lydon, in Robert Dimery's 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die, says that the album's lyrical themes embodied her persona of a "tough, sexy woman schooled in a tough world", and that her vocal delivery overcomes the slick production, with her "indomitable soul" unifying the multiple producers.[23] In 1989, the album was ranked number 46 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 100 Greatest Albums of the '80s. In 2003, VH1 named Private Dancer the 95th greatest album of all time. Slant Magazine listed the album at number 63 on its list of "Best Albums of the 1980s" saying "Both a personal liberation and sonic redemption, Private Dancer established Turner not only as a genuine diva, but a bona fide force of nature".[24]

Track listing[edit]

US edition[edit]

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)ProducersLength
1."I Might Have Been Queen"Hine4:10
2."What's Love Got to Do with It"Britten3:48
3."Show Some Respect"
  • Britten
  • Sue Shifrin
Britten3:18
4."I Can't Stand the Rain"
Britten3:41
5."Better Be Good to Me"Hine5:11
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)ProducersLength
6."Let's Stay Together"
5:16
7."1984"David Bowie
  • Walsh
  • Ware
3:09
8."Steel Claw"Paul BradyCarter3:48
9."Private Dancer"Mark KnopflerJohn Carter7:11

International edition[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)ProducersLength
1."I Might Have Been Queen"
  • Obstoj
  • Hine
  • West-Oram
Hine4:10
2."What's Love Got to Do with It"
  • Britten
  • Lyle
Britten3:48
3."Show Some Respect"
  • Britten
  • Shifrin
Britten3:18
4."I Can't Stand the Rain"
  • Peebles
  • Bryant
  • Miller
Britten3:41
5."Private Dancer"KnopflerCarter7:11
6."Let's Stay Together"
  • Mitchell
  • Green
  • Jackson, Jr.
  • Walsh
  • Ware
5:16
7."Better Be Good to Me"
  • Knight
  • Chinn
  • Chapman
Hine5:11
8."Steel Claw"BradyCarter3:48
9."Help!"4:30
10."1984"Bowie
  • Walsh
  • Ware
3:09

Remastered editions[edit]

1997 Centenary Edition bonus tracks
No.TitleWriter(s)ProducersLength
11."I Wrote a Letter"Inga RumpfCarter3:24
12."Rock 'n Roll Widow"Tom SnowCarter4:45
13."Don't Rush the Good Things"Neil GammackCarter3:46
14."When I Was Young"Carter3:11
15."What's Love Got to Do with It" (Extended 12" Remix)
  • Britten
  • Lyle
Britten5:48
16."Better Be Good to Me" (Extended 12" Remix) (edit)
  • Knight
  • Chinn
  • Chapman
Hine7:03
17."I Can't Stand the Rain" (Extended 12" Remix)
  • Peebles
  • Bryant
  • Miller
Britten5:45
2015 30th Anniversary Edition bonus disc
No.TitleWriter(s)ProducersLength
1."Ball of Confusion (That's What the World is Today)" (with B.E.F.)
  • Walsh
  • Ware
4:13
2."I Wrote a Letter"RumpfCarter3:24
3."Rock 'n Roll Widow"SnowCarter4:45
4."Don't Rush the Good Things"GammackCarter3:46
5."When I Was Young"
  • Burdon
  • Briggs
  • Weider
  • McCulloch
Carter3:11
6."Keep Your Hands Off My Baby"Carter3:31
7."Tonight" (Live with David Bowie) (Live at The NEC, Birmingham)Britten4:01
8."Let's Pretend We're Married" (Live)PrinceBritten4:13
9."What's Love Got to Do with It" (Extended 12" Remix)
  • Britten
  • Lyle
Britten5:45
10."Better Be Good to Me" (Extended 12" Remix) (edit)
  • Knight
  • Chinn
  • Chapman
Hine7:04
11."I Can't Stand the Rain" (Extended 12" Remix)
  • Peebles
  • Bryant
  • Miller
Britten5:43
12."Show Some Respect" (Extended Mix)
  • Britten
  • Shifrin
Britten5:45
13."We Don't Need Another Hero (Thunderdome)" (Single Edit)Britten
  • Britten
  • Lyle
4:16
14."One of the Living" (Single Remix)KnightMike Chapman4:13
15."It's Only Love" (with Bryan Adams)
  • Adams
  • Vallance
3:18

Personnel[edit]

Production

  • Terry Britten – producer (2, 3, 4)
  • John Carter – producer (5, 8)
  • Leon "Ndugu" Chancler – producer (9)
  • Wilton Felder – producer (9)
  • Rupert Hine – producer (1, 7)
  • Joe Sample – producer (9)
  • Greg Walsh – producer & engineer (6, 10)
  • Martyn Ware – producer (6, 10)
  • F. Byron Clark – engineer (9)
  • John Hudson – engineer & mixing (2, 3, 4)
  • Walter Samuel – engineer (6, 10)
  • Stephen W. Tayler – engineer & mixing (1, 7)
  • Humberto Gaticaremixing (5, 8)
  • Alan Yoshida – mastering
  • Akira Taguchi – compilation producer
  • Sam Gay – creative director
  • Roy Kohara – art direction
  • John O'Brien – design
  • Peter Ashworth – photography
  • Roger Davies – management
  • Chip Lightman – management

Charts[edit]

Certifications and sales[edit]

Certifications and sales for Private Dancer
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia 200,000[63]
Austria (IFPI Austria)[64] 2× Platinum 100,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[65] 7× Platinum 700,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[66] Gold 33,464[66]
France (SNEP)[67] Gold 100,000*
Germany (BVMI)[68] 5× Gold 1,250,000^
Latvia (LaMPA)[69][unreliable source?] 3× Platinum  
New Zealand (RMNZ)[70] Platinum 15,000^
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[71] Platinum 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[72] 3× Platinum 900,000^
United States (RIAA)[73] 5× Platinum 5,000,000^
Summaries
Worldwide 10,000,000[10][12][11]

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

Grammy Awards[edit]

Year Winner Category
1985 "Better Be Good to Me" Best Female Rock Vocal Performance
1985 "What's Love Got to Do with It?" Best Female Pop Vocal Performance
1985 "What's Love Got to Do with It?" Record of the Year
1985 "What's Love Got to Do with It?" Song of the Year

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Stephen Holden (2012). "Tina Turner News". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  2. ^ "National Recording Registry Class Produces Ultimate 'Stay at Home' Playlist". Library of Congress. March 25, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  3. ^ "Passings: Bill Summers, John S. Carter, Ruth C. Cole". Los Angeles Times May 24, 2011. Retrieved February 25, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c Miller, Debby (July 5, 1984). "Tina Turner: Private Dancer". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
  5. ^ "Private Dancer by Tina Turner | Classic Rock Review".
  6. ^ Lopez, Korina. "Summer of '84: We totally loved these three albums". USA TODAY.
  7. ^ "Now Available: Tina Turner: Private Dancer – 30th Anniversary Edition | Rhino". www.rhino.com.
  8. ^ "Tina Turner Private Dancer Chart History". Billboard.
  9. ^ "Gold & Platinum". RIAA.
  10. ^ a b Pareles, Jon (August 12, 1987). "The Pop Life (Published 1987)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
  11. ^ a b Sexton, Paul (August 10, 1996). "Billboard: Virgin's Turner bring her dreams to U.S." Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 25–. ISSN 0006-2510.
  12. ^ a b Eliezer, Christie (September 6, 2008). "APRA Lauds Aussie Manager Davies". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  13. ^ "Private Dancer [30th Anniversary Edition] - Tina Turner | Release Info". AllMusic.
  14. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Private Dancer – Tina Turner". AllMusic. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  15. ^ Gleason, Holly (May 1, 2008). "Tina Turner > Private Dancer". American Songwriter. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  16. ^ Christgau, Robert (1990). "Tina Turner: Private Dancer". Christgau's Record Guide: The '80s. Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-679-73015-X. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  17. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-85712-595-8.
  18. ^ "Tina Turner: Private Dancer". Q (109): 150. October 1995.
  19. ^ McGee, David (2004). "Tina Turner". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 827–28. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  20. ^ Tina Turner, Kurt Loder (September 1, 1986). I, Tina. Morrow. p. 219. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  21. ^ Christgau, Robert (July 24, 1984). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  22. ^ Alex Henderson (2012). "Private Dancer - Tina Turner : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  23. ^ Michael Lydon (December 5, 2011). 1001 Albums: You Must Hear Before You Die. Hachette UK. ISBN 9781844037148. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  24. ^ "The 100 Best Albums of the 1980s | Feature". Slant Magazine. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
  25. ^ "Hits of the World" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 96 no. 38. September 15, 1984. p. 56. ISSN 0006-2510 – via World Radio History.
  26. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Tina Turner – Private Dancer" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  27. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 8572". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  28. ^ "Hits of the World" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 96 no. 50. December 15, 1984. p. 59. ISSN 0006-2510 – via World Radio History.
  29. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Tina Turner – Private Dancer" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  30. ^ "European Top 100 Albums" (PDF). Eurotipsheet. Vol. 1 no. 34. November 19, 1984. p. 16. OCLC 29800226 – via World Radio History.
  31. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin – levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5.
  32. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Tina Turner – Private Dancer" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  33. ^ "Charts.nz – Tina Turner – Private Dancer". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  34. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Tina Turner – Private Dancer". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  35. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Tina Turner – Private Dancer". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  36. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Tina Turner – Private Dancer". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  37. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  38. ^ "Tina Turner Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  39. ^ "Tina Turner Chart History (Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  40. ^ "Album Top 40 slágerlista – 2015. 27. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  41. ^ Kent 1993, p. 436
  42. ^ "Top 100 Albums of 1984". RPM. Vol. 41 no. 17. January 5, 1985. p. 8. ISSN 0033-7064. Retrieved August 6, 2018 – via Library and Archives Canada.
  43. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 1984" (in Dutch). Dutch Charts. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  44. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts – 1984" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  45. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 1984". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  46. ^ "Topp 40 Album Høst 1984" (in Norwegian). VG-lista. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  47. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1984". hitparade.ch (in German). Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  48. ^ "Top 100 Albums (January 3–December 29, 1984)" (PDF). Music Week. London. January 26, 1985. p. 42. ISSN 0265-1548 – via World Radio History.
  49. ^ "Top Pop Albums of 1984". Billboard. December 31, 1984. Archived from the original on December 31, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  50. ^ "Talent Almanac 1985 – Top Black Albums". Billboard. Vol. 96 no. 51. December 22, 1984. p. TA-22. ISSN 0006-2510 – via Google Books.
  51. ^ Kent 1993, p. 437
  52. ^ "Jahreshitparade Alben 1985" (in German). Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  53. ^ "RPM's Top 100 Albums of 1985". RPM. Vol. 43 no. 16. December 25, 1985. p. 14. ISSN 0033-7064 – via Library and Archives Canada.
  54. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 1985" (in Dutch). Dutch Charts. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  55. ^ Bakker, Machgiel; Inglis, Cathy (December 23, 1985). "Pan-European Awards 1985" (PDF). Eurotipsheet. Vol. 2 no. 51/52. p. 7. OCLC 29800226 – via World Radio History.
  56. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts – 1985" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  57. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 1985". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  58. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1985". hitparade.ch (in German). Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  59. ^ "Top 100 Albums (January 5–December 28, 1985)" (PDF). Music Week. London. January 18, 1986. p. 11. ISSN 0265-1548 – via World Radio History.
  60. ^ "Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1985". Billboard. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  61. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums – Year-End 1985". Billboard. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  62. ^ "Top 100 Albums (January to December 1986)" (PDF). Music Week. London. January 24, 1987. p. 25. ISSN 0265-1548 – via World Radio History.
  63. ^ Barker, Glenn A. (November 15, 1986). "Pacing the Majors: Labels Try to Balance Pluses and Minuses in Year of Transition". Billboard. Vol. 98 no. 46. p. A-6. ISSN 0006-2510 – via Google Books.
  64. ^ "Gold & Platinum Awards 1987" (PDF). Music and Media. Vol. 4 no. 51/52. December 26, 1987. p. 44. OCLC 29800226 – via World Radio History.
  65. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Tina Turner – Private Dancer". Music Canada.
  66. ^ a b "Tina Turner" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
  67. ^ "French album certifications – Tina Turner – Private Dancer" (in French). InfoDisc. Select TINA TURNER and click OK. 
  68. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Tina Turner; 'Private Dancer')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
  69. ^ "International Latvian Certification Awards from 1998 to 2001". Latvian Music Producers Association. 1999. Retrieved September 20, 2019 – via Directupload.
  70. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Tina Turner – Music Box". Recorded Music NZ.
  71. ^ Fernando Salaverri (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  72. ^ "British album certifications – Tina Turner – Private Dancer". British Phonographic Industry.
  73. ^ "American album certifications – Tina Turner – Private Dancer". Recording Industry Association of America.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]