Private security industry in South Africa
The private security industry in South Africa is an industry providing guarding, monitoring, armed reaction, escorting, investigating and other security-related services to private individuals and companies in the country. The private security industry in South Africa is the largest in the world, with nearly 9,000 registered companies and 400,000 registered active private security guards, more than the South African police and army combined. This is attributed by some to the country's former high levels of crime to a lack of public funds from Parliament towards the South African Police Service (SAPS) or to an increasing trend in many countries towards government outsourcing of certain security functions.
- 1 Services offered
- 2 Security legislation
- 3 Industry bodies
- 4 Involvement of foreign companies
- 5 2006 Strike and Looting
- 6 The Environment in which Private Security Companies and Security Officers perform Services in the Republic of South Africa
- 7 Large Value Civil Claims against the South African Police Service is underming the fight against crime in the Republic of South Africa by Law Enforcement Agencies and also Private Security Companies
- 8 Documents and other Tools in widespread use on different Functional and Authority Levels in the Private Security Industry in the Republic of South Africa
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
According to the Afrikaans Newspaper Beeld in the Business Section Dated Wednesday 7 October 2015 the South African Government is the largest employer [both directly and indirectly] in the Republic of South Africa and the Private Security Industry the Second Largest Employer in the Republic of South Africa in respect of the number of Employees. Security companies in South Africa provide services in several disciplines, most smaller companies specialising in just one or two. According to the Beeld Newspaper (Friday 22 October 2010) there were 2722 Security Companies with 151 991 Security Guards employed in Gauteng province alone. (JHB/ PTA Area) Thus, an approximate ratio of one police for every two-point six Private Security Officers is estimated in the country, although in the Private Security Sector the ratio of 'admin' to 'active operations' is much higher (in favour of 'Active').
P.S.I.R.A. also comments that there are 9,320 (Active) Security Companies registered compared to about 1127 Police Stations, 190 000 Police Officers (of which about 35,000 are Reservists) in South Africa. Inspections by 47 P.S.I.R.A. Inspectors were performed at 6611 Companies. About 12000 applications for registration by both Companies and Individuals were turned down between 1 April 2010 and 31 March 2011 due to reasons such as previous criminal activities.
According to the last year report as tabled in Parliament since 2001 the amount of Registered Companies has increased by 61 percent and the amount of Registers Security Officers by 111 percent. The previous CEO Mr. Seth Mogapi was fired in July 2009 and the new CEO Mr. Manabela Chauke has been appointed as from 1 September 2010.
According to the Sunday Independent Newspaper dated 16 March 2014 page 7, using P.S.I.R.A. as a source, there is in 2014 (March) 445 507 Registered (active and currently employed) Security Officers (guards) in South Africa, for the 2012/2013 year there is 1 953 605 Registered (active and currently employed plus inactive) Security Officers on their system, up from the 2012/2011 year with 1 678 027 Registered (active and currently employed plus inactive) Security Officers, an increase of nearly 25 percent.
Overview of Strength Levels and Successes in the War against Crime in the Republic of South Africa in the last Decade (10 years)
According to the site africacheck.org there stays 54.0 million people in October 2015 in the Republic of South Africa using the Officially released figures from Statistics South Africa based on the Official Census as a strong reference point. This officially released figure of 54.0 million people in the Republic of South Africa is calculated by taking the official figures during the time of the national census in 2011 of 51.8 million people in the Republic of South Africa plus a reasonable assesment for population growth since then into account. However , according to University Professor Eric Nealer , a Professor in Public and Administration Management at the University of South Africa in October 2015 there stays 72.5 million people in the Republic of South Africa. This figure is arrived at allowing for a 20 percent undercount during the 2011 census adding another 10.5 million people , a reasonable assesment by Professionals of yearly population growth adding another 4.0 million people and accounting for "illegal immigrants" adding another 6.0 million people. The attendance record in the schools of 8 year olds [which is countable in all primary schools in the Republic of South Africa with an actual name list of de facto learners in the schools plus a site inspection and attendance tick off to make certain the list is at least 99.9 percent accurate] plus a model of how many persons should then be calculated by comparing the percentage distribution of different age groups as a percentage and number of the grand total strongly indicates with a correlance of at least 99 percent correctness that the University Professor and not the Official Statistics from Statistics South Africa is the most accurate figure of persons de facto staying in the Republic of South Africa. The Professors' Calculation of 72.5 million de facto people staying inside the borders of the Republic of South Africa is also "unofficially" supported by representatives of more than one embassy and more than one high commission in the Capital City Pretoria in the Republic of South Africa in their "private capacity's". According to the site africacheck.com there was in June 2014 in the service of the Central National Government 455 701 persons employed, also 1 118 748 for the 9 Provincial Governments, plus 275 851 for additionaql other services such as Libraries and Zoos and 311 361 persons worked for 278 Municipalities across the Republic of South Africa for a Net Total of 2,161 Million State Employees in the Republic of South Africa. This means that between 2005 and 2012 there has been a 145,6 percent growth.
According to Afrikaans Newspaper Beeld, dated Thursday 30 October 2014 the P.S.I.R.A. Registered Personnel was 115 331 in 1997 with the South African Police Service at 110 177 members, 1999 Security 155 818 Police 109 104, 2001 Security 194 525 Police 102 000, 2003 Security 248 025 Police 102 737, 2005 Security 288 686 Police 107 791, 2007 Security 307 343 Police 129 864, 2009 Security 375 315 Police 145 170, 2011 Security 411 109 Police 150 373 and 2013 Security 445 407 Police 156 859. This means that from 1997 until 2013 the South African Police has grown in numbers by 42,4 percent and P.S.I.R.A. Registered Security Personnel by 286,2 percent.
In the same article in Beeld it is stated that in 2003 there has been 1 092 689 Arrests of suspected Criminals leading to 332 056 Convictions and Sentencing in a Court of Law. 2004 Arrests 1 009 801 Convictions 330 146, 2005 Arrests 1 148 753 Convictions 322 147, 2006 Arrests 1 132 606 Convictions 322 687, 2007 Arrests 1 227 751 Convictions 286 861, 2008 Arrests 1 247 602 Convictions 284 620, 2009 Arrests 1 223 505 Convictions 307 089, 2010 Arrests 1 361 504 Convictions 310 951, 2011 Arrests 1 452 600 Convictions 293 673, 2012 Arrests 1 613 254 Convictions 280 658, 2013 Arrests 1 682 763 Convictions 290 834 and 2014 Arrests 1 392 856 Convictions 301 798. This means that from 2003 until 2014 Arrests has gone up by 54,0 percent and Criminal Convictions and Criminal Sentencing in a Court of Law by 9,1 percent.
Manned guarding a service where the presence of security guard ensures the safety of assets, premises or people. In terms of the Private Security Industry Regulatory Act, the grading that security guards receive determines the type of guarding he or she can perform. (as well as the scale of pay). Many companies offer fixed (i.e. static) guarding services but the majority of workers employed in this respect are employed for unarmed duties, i.e. recording ingress/ egress movement, calling armed response if necessary. OGM International is the largest provider of armed response services in South Africa.
Assets in transit (AIT)
AIT refers to the transportation of valuable assets under armed guard, and generally in specialised, armoured vehicles. Mostly, currency is transported between business premises and banks, but other high value assets are also occasionally transported such as bullion & precious stones.
In the past, relatively few, (usually large) companies provided AIT services but recently smaller, more localised and specialised companies have begun to emerge in the sector.
AIT operations are frequently the target of violent robberies, called cash-in-transit heists. Many security personnel are killed each year in these attacks, substantially increasing the cost of AIT services.
Recently,[when?], the South African Police Service together with other Law Enforcement agencies had tremendous success in reducing violent crimes against business, especially during the 2010 Soccer World Cup. These facts are confirmed by Chambers of Business throughout the Country.
One of the primary reasons for this success is improved training for security personnel. Security officers working in the Assets in Transit Industry also have to do extra specialisation courses approved by P.S.I.R.A. such as Cash in Transit, Armed Response, National Key Points, Fire Arm Competency Course, and recently, P.S.I.R.A. has become extremely strict about the registration of Security Personnel, the instructors who are authorised and judged competent to give Courses and the Security Companies and other Role Players who are able to do so. Furthermore, minimum training standards are strictly prescribed and inspected for every single specific course, and inspections by trained P.S.I.R.A. inspectors are done throughout the Republic of South Africa.
Physical security companies install security devices at premises and homes, and in cars. Devices include security fencing, motorised gates and garages, burglar proofing, security doors and gates, locks and safes, car alarms and vehicle tracking systems.
Alarm monitoring and armed response companies are employed to monitor burglar alarm systems. If an alarm is triggered, the company dispatches mobile armed security personnel to ensure the safety of property and people.ADT Security, IPSS Electronic Security, MS24 and OGM International are the largest providers of armed response services in South Africa.
Technology services include the installation of electronic security devices such as CCTV, electronic access control systems and related equipment.
Companies providing security consulting, OGM internationalAnd MASWAZI TECHNOLOGIES of MASWAZI GROUP advise their clients on the security measures they need to take to protect their property, businesses or homes -following a procedure referred to as 'threat assessment'.
Since the late 1980s the security industry has been regulated according to the Security Officers Act of 1987. Before 1994, security companies had to comply with the requirements of the Security Officers Board (SOB). The SOB determined wages and accreditation, and established a code of behaviour for security companies and their employees.
Many[who?] considered the SOB an ineffective regulator, as it had too few staff, and many security companies did not comply with the regulation requiring them to register themselves and all of their employees with the board. It was therefore unable to compel companies to comply with minimum wage requirements, and prevent them from employing illegal immigrants.
Because of these concerns, the South African parliament enacted the Private Security Industry Regulatory Act, which established the Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority. The authority has been more successful at regulating the industry than its predecessor. This is borne out by the number of Registered Security Companies increasing from 5491 to 9320 and the number of Registered Security Officers, Graded from A to E respectively in descending order of qualifications. This, following a PSIRA and SAPS fingerprints background check.
Grade A is the most senior Security Officer, owners of a CC or PTY must be Registered as at least PSIRA Grade B to run a Security Service Provider in South Africa. If for any reason whatsoever, solely one Member of a Close Corporation or one of the Directors of a Company is disqualified (e.g. due to a criminal Conviction on a Serious Criminal Offence), then the entire Close Corporation and/or Company's Registration is immediately withdrawn by P.S.I.R.A. Then the Entity may no longer provide Security Services. This rule is very strictly enforced by P.S.I.R.A.. Under new (SASSETA-based) rules, no Registrations for a Grade is permitted without a Certificate Proof of a Course performed by a SASSETA-accredited Security Training Provider and Academy, all Training Providers must be on the SASSETA list with a dedicated Registration Authorization Number. Specific Courses -known as Unit Standards, (now compiled by FET Colleges and SAQA, SA Qualifications Authority). Security Officers are given Learner Guides, written and oral assignments in 'Learner Workbooks', then finally a Summative Assessment (Written Test). Most Service Training Providers have a 70% pass mark for examinations, overseen by SASSETA-accredited 'Assessors' and 'Moderators'.
During March 2014 the Private Security Independent Regulation Amendment Bill has been passed by Parliament, awaiting the signature of the State President to sign it into law. This new law will prohibit foreign ownership of South African Registered Security companies to a maximum of 49 percent. Currently between 40 000 and 45 000 Security Officers are employed by foreign owned Companies such as ADT, a subsidiary of Tyco International of Switzerland, and G4S, a British owned Security Company. According to the South African Sunday Newspaper Rapport dated Sunday 23 March 2014 the two biggest in size Security Armed Response and Security Technology Companies for services to Residential Units and Small Businesses, ADT and Chubb is both in a similar situation. ADT and Chubb are both Stock Exchange listed in the USA with ADT with 10 500 employees and Chubb with 2358 employees.
Many Acts of Parliament such as the Occupational Health and Safety Act, the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, the Labour Relations Act, the Skills Development Act the Employment Equity Act and the Protected Disclosures Act have improved the working conditions of Security Officers.
Until quite recently, the SA security industry has not enjoyed minimum wage or maximum working hours specified by legislation. Instead, these regulations were determined by sectoral determinations issued by the labour Minister. (i.e. Amendments)
Private Security legislation does not apply to the National Defense Force (Army, Navy Etc.) the National Intelligence Agency nor the Secret Service.
Crime is defined in the Republic of South Africa as unlawful human conduct, known as an Offence. The most serious Offences referred to as 'Schedule One Offences' as set down by the National Prosecuting Authority, (NPA)
In addition to the regulatory bodies established by the South African government, the security industry has established a number of bodies to regulate itself. Membership of these bodies being voluntary. They include:
- Security Association of South Africa (SASA), open to companies offering any type of security service; http://www.sasecurity.co.za/
- South African National Security Employers Association (SANSEA), an employers' organisation for companies in the Security Sector.
- Electronic Security Distributors Association (ESDA), an association of importers and distributors of electronic security equipment
- South African Intruder Detection Services Association (SAIDSA), an association of companies providing alarm monitoring and armed response services
- Safety & Security Sector Education & Training Authority (SASSETA)
- Vehicle Security Association of South Africa (VESA)
Of the 197 Registered Trade Unions trade union in South Africa, Security industry personnel have many options, SATAWU www.satawu.org.za/, SCMAWU, SAPSWU, SAWTUSA, FOCSWU, NSWU, SOCRAWU and others, most of whom are members of COSATU Congress of South African Trade Unions.
Involvement of foreign companies
Several multinational corporations have invested in the South African security industry, and have come to dominate sections of it. These include Tyco International, United Technologies Corporation, and Top Holdings, who operate the companies ADT, Chubb South Africa and Top Security, respectively.
Other multinational corporations that operated in South Africa have sold their local subsidiaries to South African companies, sometimes as part of Black Economic Empowerment deals. These deals include the absorption of Khuselani Springbok by Fidelity.
The South African security companies Fidelity and Coin Security, amongst others, have themselves established large overseas operations.
Recently Coin and Protea has joined forces to from Protea Coin Security, which is actively involved together with Fidelity in Cash Transport Management Services, known in the Industry in the Republic of South Africa as Assets in Transit (AIT).
According to the Afrikaans Newspaper Beeld , with a wide distribution network and high loyal reader following , dated 7 October 2015 , in the Business Section the following Security Companies is foreign owned : ADT , Securitas , G4S , Chubb plus also others.
2006 Strike and Looting
In 2006, private security personnel went on strike across South Africa. The strike lasted 96 days and cost the industry more than a million working days. The strike was supported by the South African Transport and Allied Workers Union and 15 other trade unions. The striking workers looted and damaged property, and committed violent crimes.
The reason for the extreme amount of violence was amongst other reasons , lack of income for about 3 months amongst the majority of Security Employees plus lack of cash and lack of food. [Note : The overwhelming majority of Security Officers received no income during the time of the strike , not from the Security Companies and not from the Unions]. Regrettably , some Security Officers at that time turned to crime and violence to try and make ends meet during an extremely difficult situation , and were arrested by the Police and sentenced to jail imprisonment by the Courts and struck of the roll of valid Registered Security Officers allowed to perform duties by the prerunner of P.S.I.R.A. [Private Security Regulatory Authority].
The root cause for the strike in the first place was because of too many unions and not one union all trying to be as severely difficult for the purpose of impressing as possible [de facto union competition trying all to stir things more than all other unions combined] [for instance right now during October 2015 there is in the main only one main union in the South African Police Service called Popcru and other small unions like Solidarity play a supportive and not destructive roll] and also extremely low pay rates together with widespread extremely dissatisfaction throughout the Republic of South Africa about it amongst virtually all Security Officers. The de facto pay rates of Security Officers working in the Private Security Industry in the Republic of South Africa at that stage was slave wages below the livable poverty line. The purpose of the strike was to force over and above percentage yearly salary/wage per hour increases to account for inflation a fair pay for the type of work done increase over and above it.
Active steps to improve prescribed minimum levels of pay as per grades, job specifications and areas have since been taken in an attempt to prevent the re-occurrence of such unfortunate and embarrassing occurrences.
The Environment in which Private Security Companies and Security Officers perform Services in the Republic of South Africa
1. South Africa is the 4th most dangerous State on Planet Earth to stay in. This is according to Afrikaans Sunday Newspaper Rapport dated Sunday 27 September 2015 with official statistics confirming that almost one out of three citizens at 31 percent is to scared , fearful and frightened to walk around at night in the dark. 2. According to the South African Broadcasting Corporation official national weather news bulletin the worst drought is currently in South Africa in 23 years due to global warming and the El Nino Weather Pattern. This is also due to Global Warming. 3. Commercial Farmers has diminished from 120 000 to 36 000 in the 20 years of African National Congress Democratic National rule.These 2 facts about the drought and also the farmers put the Food Security Situation in South Africa at risk. It also leads to very high food inflation [that is much higher than the official inflation figures] and make it even more difficult for the poor to survive. 4. According to official Police Statistics more than 450 000 persons got murdered in the Republic of South Africa in the 20 years of ANC rule. According to Afrikaans Newspaper Beeld , dated 1 October 2015 , according to the latest Official Police Statistics there are happening 49 murders in the Republic of South Africa per day. This is an increase of 4.6 percent in the 2015\2014 figures over the 2014\2013 Official Yearly Police Statistical Figures. [Note ; Murder is an important crime monitor because unlike other crimes , the number reported is probably equal or at least very close as an indicator to the true amount of crimes actually committed] . 5. Private Security Officers , taking into account the costs of living , the personal taxi costs they take to self post to sites as a percentage of their daily pay in a large number of and percentage de facto of instances compared to the number of Security Officers posted to sites , the extreme hours of work and difficulty to get public transport at very early and very late hours to be in time for work and to arrive in a reasonable time at home [especially on weekends and public holidays] , to get enough sleep to be well rested out for duty between shifts [Security Officers in the Private Security Industry in the Republic of South Africa works 12 hour shifts it est dayshift between 06h00 and 18h00 or nightshift between 18h00 and 06h00 the next day and sometimes even double or even tripple shifts straight in a row de facto], the large distance of travel between home and work [for a very large number and percentage of Security Officers] and the risks they take to protect interests and assets whilst on duty at posted sites and/or control rooms , and the high levels of crime and the number of service delivery protests that often turns violent and that is used in a large number of instances by professional criminals to rob and steal large amounts in number and value of private property using the crowds as a smoke screen cover to get away with it , is of the severest lowest paid individuals in the security industry compared to the de facto payment and service contract and fringe benefit levels of South African Police Officers and also other countries in the world in respect of the payment levels of Police Officers and Private Security Officers in those countries. This is an uttermost extremely unacceptable problem that the Portfolio Committee for Safety and Security in the South African Parliament urgently needs to look at together with the Government Gazette published rates that are published every year for 1 September effective date applicable for the next year from 1 September until the next year to 31 August between the Cabinet Minister for Labour and/or the Cabinet Minister for Safety and Security [Police] in the Republic of South Africa. 6. The triple problem of unemployment (at one in three potential worker individuals), inequality (South Africa has one of the highest GINI index difference between the rich and the poor , in fact South Africa now has the second widest gap between it's rich and it's poor according to the CIA World Factbook ,Also ten percent of the population earns more than fifty percent of the household income , and the poorest fourty percent earns less than seven percent of the household income and the poorest twenty percent earns less than one and a half percent of the household income) , severe hunger and food insecurity is prevelant [due to lack of personal access to cash , money , notes , values and credit lines] amongst 15 million South Africans , together with revolution marches in respect of service delivery of which many turns violent very frequent in number and often very violent , together with millions of illegal citizens born in other countries de facto in the Republic of South Africa leads to 3 300 000 (3.3 million) crimes every year in the Republic of South Africa (when both reported and a reasonable assessment for unreported crimes is made based on Scientific Professional Research) according to research by Rekord Newspaper. 7.According to the New Age Newspaper dated Thursday 1 October 2015 there has been reported by Municipal IQ , the municipality hot spot monitor , that they reported on 1 February 2014 that there had been nearly 3000 Service Delivery protest actions in 90 days in the Republic of South Africa at more than 30 a day involving more than one million people. The problem became so desperate that the Gauteng Province Premier Mr. David Makhuru set up a War Room in Operation Ntirhisano. The purpose of the War Room is to help address xenophobic Violence , illegal land invasions , crime and corruption incidents after the Republic of South Africa had been labelled the Protest Capital of Planet Earth. 8.According to the Afrikaans Newspaper Beeld with a large circulation in the Republic of South Africa , dated Wednesday 7 October 2015 in the Business Section the Business Confidence Levels in South Africa has plummeted very sharply to be the lowest in 22 years. This is amongst Economists and Business Leaders in the Republic of South Africa a matter of extreme concern. 9.According to Africacheck.org , quoting Doctor Chandre Gould , a Senior Researcher at the Institude for Security Studies in the Republic of South Africa as a reference , there is at least 650 000 victims of violent crimes in the Republic of South Africa each year. This effects the extend of the National Crime Trauma. Additionally over and above that the Safety and Security Minister [known in some states in the world under a title of a Police Minister] also said that aggrevated Assault , between persons knowing each other has a 65 percent chance factor to deteriorate in Attempted Murder or even Murder itself. This , especially during Domestic Violence makes the work of Security Operational Managers , Security Supervisors and Armed Response teams responding to panic buttons more challenging and also more dangerous in the Private Security Industry in the Republic of South Africa. In a large number of instances of these contact crimes exessive alcohol / liquor use , and sometimes drug abuses in certain communities is factors as part of the wider picture. 10.Violent Contact Crimes has skyrocketed in the large few years in the majority of black townships accross the Republic of South Africa. This created a climate of fear and despondency amongst the local population. For instance , as reported in the Afrikaans Newspaper Beeld , dated Friday 9 October 2015 on page 10 it is quoting the Official Crime Statistics for the 2014.2015 year released by the South African Police Service which states that the ten Police Stations where the most murders were reported to the SAPS in the last crime statistics reporting year has all included without any exception being in Black Townships accross the Republic of South Africa. The Newspaper in the same article furthermore states there is a general believe in the same townships that the purpotrators of these crimes will get away with it with a very low arrested and successful prosecuted rate. 11.The personal indebtedness of poor and middle class citizens has severely deteriorated by October 2015 in the Republic of South Africa. The de facto indebtedness goes with extreme shark loan plus other interest rates plus other administrative costs over and above that. Because the majority if Security Officers struggle strongly to get out with their cash flow in a month , many is severely indebted up to the point where it endangers the Security of the South African State. It is therefor very urgently and strongly recommended to the Portfolio Committee on Safety and Security in Parliament to insist from both the Cabinet Ministers of Safety and Security [Police] and Labour for an immediate very high Salary Rate increase publication in the Government Gazette in respect of enforced mandatory minimum pay rates for all Security Officers on Grade A, B, C, D and E in all Areas throughout the Republic of South Africa. As an example , as reported in the Afrikaans Newspaper Beeld on Thursday 8 October 2015 , on page 14 of the Business News , it is stated that short term credit has bubbled with a 205 percent growth in the last financial year to almost ZAR 4 Billion quoting the National Credit Regulator as a reference. For loans up to 6 months the debtors book has skyrocketed to ZAR 3.3 Billion with a 371 percent increase compared to the previous financial year. Paydayloans between ZAR 5000 and ZAR 8000 has skyrocketed very strongly with a 557 percent increase over the comparatative period of the previous financial year. The National Credit Regulator yearly report furthermore states that at least 2 million South Africans is de facto dependant on this states of affairs. According to Debtbusters a further 17 percent of these Client also has a home bond to pay off and 36 percent has over and above these debt Motor Vehicle Finance Debt. Because the personal finance health situation of many South Arfricans has severely deteriorated , the applications for credit has been 17 percent higher in the last financial year , and because of non payment , non credit worthiness and also other reasons the amount of applications turned down has gone up sharply by 25 percent in the Republic fo South Africa.
Large Value Civil Claims against the South African Police Service is underming the fight against crime in the Republic of South Africa by Law Enforcement Agencies and also Private Security Companies
This is according to Afrikaans Newspaper Beeld Dated Thursday 1 October 2015. It is quoting the Official Year Report of the South African Police Service. It states that of the Yearly Police Budget of ZAR 72.5 Billion [the total South African State's budget is at least ZAR 1 Trillion [ZAR 1 '000 '000 '000 '000.00] [also expressed as at least ZAR 1000 Billion] per year] the amount of ZAR 26.9 Billion is claimed in Civil Claims from the SAPS which is more than one third of the Budget presenting every year by the Safety and Security [Police] Minister to Parliament including ZAR 16.6 Billion Claims for Police Operational Conduct and ZAR 1.5 Billion for shooting Incidents and ZAR 0.853 Billion for Assualt / Strong Arrest Measures. This money could have been spent better by for instance putting all the Private Security Industry Officers on Grade A and B also additionally on the Police Payroll for an extra Industry Payment Allowance enabling Officers to do their Job of the Fight against crime better. Such an Allowance should also be paid to all South African Police Reservists and Community Police Forum Members.
Documents and other Tools in widespread use on different Functional and Authority Levels in the Private Security Industry in the Republic of South Africa
A. Site Manager at Posted Site [normally Grade C in small Security Companies , Grade A or B for very large posting sites in large Security Companies] 1. OB Books for Entries 2. Specialised Instructions Manual Applicable to the Specific Site 3. Cuffs and Batons to Arrest Suspects 4. Vehicle Control Equipment 5. Panic Button for Armed Response 6. Site Radio 7. Cameras and Monitors on some posted Sites 8. Visit Register 9. Vehicle Register 10. Personal Cell Phone on the air to receive calls about site 11. Contact detail list for specific Client such as Caretaker or Body Corporate or Trustee or Owners Name and specific address and Cell phone and direct telephone line contact list 12. Shift transfer forms between short time aranged 1 or 2 or 3 days leave to make sure Posted Site is covered by standby Guard in the event of unforseen absenteism.
B. Control Room Operator 1. Personal Computer with Excel and Word as part of package 2. Detailed programmed Excel spreadsheets 3. Detailed sheet either in Word or Excel to record Hourly Site OB numbers 4. Control Room Site Call Sheet list. Every site has normally a phonetic letters call sign for instance Control Room could be Charlie Oscar. 5. Detailed Personnel List 6. Detailed Site List 7. Additional Specific List of details for a posted Site like a large Shopping Complex 8. All the documents used by Supervisors already printed out ready for their pickup before they start their shift 9. Absent list Control Book for Disciplinary and/or Explanations by Guards not reporting for duty for immediate follow up by Supervisors.Valid Absenteism include sickness and a Doctors Note or attending a funeral of an immediate family member with a death certificate. 10. Approved list for vacation leave as per person , company number and site as approved by the personnel Manager in consultation with the Operations Manager 11. Daily postings register for specific shifts as in order of posted sites. There is a seperate list for Dayshift and Nightshift 12.Extra's Guards Standby list 13.Emergency Situation additional Extra's Standby list and Cell numbers 14.Additional instructions by Senior Management and also details of Temporary Sites on Big Notice Board 15.The Site details book to record all start and end days of new , temporary Sites and also Sites lost to other Companies 16.Control Room Radios 17.More than one Control Room Telephone 18.Alphabetical Telephone list of all South African Police Service and ADT Armed Response or other alternate armed response Security Companies] 19. Detailed Sites and applicable Radio Channel and Posting Report methodology list 20. Detailed Site Address list with nearest street corner plus nearest SAPS Station and Station Telephone Number List and responding very quick Sector Vehicle Direct Cell Phone Number list 21. Control Room OB Book / Register to record all Incidents at all sites 22.Security Profile Armed Response Secret Password Details for despatched quick armed response to Sites Note : Although the Control Room Operators has in most Companies Functional Authority over all Supervisors and the general rule is that Supervisors on duty MUST immediately obey all instructions of the Control Room Operators at all times for quick responses to sites with problems , normally due to the nature of their work the Supervisors are in most Security Companies paid a better Salary than Control Room Operators.
- Crime in South Africa
- South African Police Service
- Security guard
- Private security company
- List of private security companies
- National Key Points Act, 1980
- Law and Disorder in Johannesburg
- "South Africa has world's largest private security industry; needs regulation – Mthethwa". DefenceWeb. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "Bigger than the army: South Africa's private security forces". CNN. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "Regulation in South Africa". Monograph No 39: Policing for Profit. South African Institute for Security Studies. August 1999. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
- http://www.labour.gov.za/downloads/documents/annual-reports/industrial-action-annual-report/2006/Annual Report - Industrial Action Report 2006 - Introduction.pdf, Industrial Action – Annual Report 2006. Department of Labour. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-9802645-6-2. Missing or empty
- http://www.labour.gov.za/downloads/documents/annual-reports/industrial-action-annual-report/2006/Annual Report - Industrial Action Report 2006 - Introduction.pdf, Industrial Action – Annual Report 2006. Department of Labour. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-9802645-6-2. Missing or empty
- Schroeder, Fatima (18 April 2006). "Shops looted as security strike continues". Cape Times. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
- "Strike Actions of Security Workers – QUESTIONS TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA". Department of International Relations and Cooperation. 18 May 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
- Act 56 of 2001, Private Security Industry Regulation Act
- Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority
- South African National Security Employers’ Association (SANSEA)
- Electronic Security Distributors' Association (ESDA)
- South African Intruder Detection Services Association (SAIDSA)
- Motor Vehicle Security Association of South Africa (VESA)