Priverno

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Priverno
Comune
Comune di Priverno
View of the Fossanova Abbey   mapx=41.44
View of the Fossanova Abbey mapx=41.44
Coat of arms of Priverno
Coat of arms
Priverno is located in Italy
Priverno
Priverno
Location of Priverno in Italy
Coordinates: 41°28′N 13°11′E / 41.467°N 13.183°E / 41.467; 13.183
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province / Metropolitan city Latina (LT)
Frazioni Boschetto, Casale, Case Alloggio Ferrovieri, Ceriara, Colle Rotondo, Colle San Pietro, Colle Sughereto, Fascia, Fornillo, Fossanova, Gricilli, Le Crete, Maccalè, Mezzagosto, Montalcide, Osteria dei Pignatari, Perazzette, Pruneto, San Martino, Stazione Fossanova, Stradone Grotte
Government
 • Mayor Andrea Polichetti
Area
 • Total 56 km2 (22 sq mi)
Elevation 151 m (495 ft)
Population (31 March 2015)
 • Total 14,495
 • Density 260/km2 (670/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Privernati or Pipernesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 04015
Dialing code 0773
Patron saint St. Thomas Aquinas
Saint day March 7
Website Official website

Priverno is a town, comune and former Latin Catholic bishopric in the province of Latina, Lazio, central Italy. It was called Piperno until 1927.

It has a station of the Rome-Naples railway mainline. Nearby is the Monti Lepini chain. It was the birthplace of the canonist Reginald of Piperno.

History[edit]

Robinia pseudoacacia in Priverno summer city

Privernum is described by Livy as a flourishing Volscian site, which was conquered and destroyed by the Romans in the late 4th century BC. The Appian Way passed nearby. The town recovered under the Roman rule, but disappeared after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, probably destroyed by Saracen attacks.

It was later a minor center of the Papal States, to which it belonged until the capture of Rome in 1870.

Ecclesiastical History[edit]

In 760 was established the Diocese of Priverno alias Piperno.

From 1217.01.17 it was held in personal union (aeque principaliter) with the Terracina until 1986.09.30, when it was suppressed and both (as well as Sezze) had their title and territory merged into the Diocese of Latina–Terracina–Sezze–Priverno.

At least since 1180 (earlier incumbents not available), all bishops concurrently held the sees of Sezze and Roman Catholic Diocese of Terracina, since 1217 due to the personal union with Terracina.

Its Marian former cathedral remains a Co-Cathedral: Concattedrale di S. Maria (Assunta), in Priverno.

Main sights[edit]

Nearby is the famous Abbey of Fossanova, which is where the town's patron saint, St. Thomas Aquinas died on 7 March 1274.

Notable churches :

  • Santa Maria Assunta (former Cathedral), consecrated by Pope Lucius II in 1183. It houses a panel of the Madonna d'Agosto and St. Thomas's skull.
  • San Benedetto, built by the Benedictines from the 7th century AD; it includes 13th and 16th centuries frescoes
  • San Giovanni Evengelista (c. 9th century, rebuilt in the 13th century). It has 13th-15th century frescoes, including stories of St. Catherine (14th century), a Madonna with Child (15th century)
  • San Tommaso d'Aquino (13th century)
  • San Nicola' (13th century)

Lay buildings include the Villa Gallio, a residence of Cardinal Bartolomeo Gallio, the Communal Palace (13th century), with the Dolphin Fountain by Giuseppe Olivieri and the Porta San Marco and Porta Posterola, the only remains of the seven gates once giving access to Priverno. Remains of the old Privernum are outside the town, including parts of the walls, baths, three partician houses and a temple. Here a colossal statue of Tiberius (now in the Vatican Museum) was found in the late 18th century.

Sources and External links[edit]