Typically, it is an application of the principle of trial by one's peers, either by such a jury or at least by a specific court from that social segment, such as a soldier by a court martial, a cleric by an ecclesiastical court.
Privilegium fori used to be one of the ecclesiastical privileges in the canon law of the Catholic Church: a member of the clergy received a special tribunal in civil and criminal causes before an ecclesiastical judge.
- Borg-Muscat, David (1933). "Reassessing the September 1775 Rebellion: A Case of Lay Participation or a 'Rising of the Priests'" (PDF). Melita Historica. 3 (2): 242–243. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2016.
- Sägmüller, Johannes Baptist (1911). "Ecclesiastical Privileges". New York City: Robert Appleton Company (Catholic Encyclopedia). Archived from the original on 7 April 2016.
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