A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a state, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government. The word privy means 'private' or 'secret'; thus, a privy council was originally a committee of the monarch's closest advisors to give confidential advice on state affairs.
Functioning privy councils
Former or dormant privy councils
|Bermuda||Privy Council of Bermuda||Split in 1888|
|Empire of Brazil||His Imperial Majesty's Council||Honorific title, some members were part of the Council of Ministers or the Council of State; abolished by a coup in 1889|
|Konbaung dynasty (Burma)||Byedaik||Abolished 1885|
|Qing dynasty (China)||Grand Council||Abolished 1898|
|Kingdom of England||Privy Council of England||Replaced by the Privy Council of Great Britain on 1 May 1708|
|Ethiopian Empire||Crown Council of Ethiopia||Abolished 1974, revived in pretence 1987|
|Kingdom of France||Conseil du Roi||Abolished 1791 and replaced by the Conseil d'État|
|German Empire||Geheimrat||Abolished 1918|
|Kingdom of Greece||Council of State||Initially established as a Privy Council by King Otto in 1835; abolished in 1865, re-established in 1929 as the senior administrative court of Greece|
|Electorate of Hanover||Privy Council of Hanover||Abolished 1866|
|Kingdom of Hawaiʻi||Privy Council of the Hawaiian Kingdom||Abolished after the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi was overthrown 1893|
|Kingdom of Ireland||Privy Council of Ireland||Retained following the coming into effect of the Act of Union 1800, but became dormant from 1922|
|Empire of Japan||Privy Council of Japan||Abolished 1947|
|Kingdom of Laos||King's Council||Abolished 1975|
|Kingdom of Nepal||Rajsabha||Monarchy abolished on 28 May 2008|
|Nguyễn dynasty (Vietnam)||Viện cơ mật||Abolished in 1945 with the abolition of the monarchy|
|Northern Ireland||Privy Council of Northern Ireland||Made dormant 1972|
|Kingdom of Portugal||His Most Faithful Majesty's Council||Monarchy abolished in 1910|
|Russian Empire||Supreme Privy Council||Abolished 1730|
|Electorate of Saxony||Privy Council of Saxony||Established in 1697 to administer jurisdiction over Lutheran institutions on behalf of the Elector who had converted to Catholicism|
|Kingdom of Scotland||Privy Council of Scotland||Abolished on 1 May 1708, replaced by the Privy Council of Great Britain|
|Sweden||Privy Council of Sweden||Abolished 1789|
|Kingdom of Yugoslavia||Privy Council of Yugoslavia||Abolished 1945, revived in pretence 1990 and replaced by the Privy Council of Serbia in 2006|
|Sultanate of Sulu||Ruma Bichara (State Council)||Abolished after Spanish colonialization of the Philippines, replaced by the Cabinet of the Philippines later during the creation of the Malolos Congress, Malolos Constitution and the Revolutionary Government of the Philippines in 1896.|
- Privy Council of the Habsburg Netherlands
- Council of State
- Crown Council
- Executive Council (Commonwealth countries)
- Privy Council ministry
- State Council
- Coradini, Odaci Luiz (February 1997). "Grandes Famílias e Elite 'Profissional' na Medicina no Brasil" [Important Families and the 'Professional' Elite within Brazilian Medicine]. História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. III (3): 425–466.
- O'Gorman, Frank (2016). The Long Eighteenth Century: British Political and Social History 1688–1832. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 9781472507747.
- Black, Jeremy (1993). The politics of Britain, 1688-1800. Manchester University Press. p. 13. ISBN 0719037611.
- "Privy Council Records". National Records of Scotland. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.