Prix du Cadran

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Prix du Cadran
Group 1 race
Shafaraz.jpg
Shafaraz, oil on canvas
Painting by Bob Demuyser (1920-2003)
Location Longchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
Inaugurated 1837
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Sponsor Qatar
Website france-galop.com
Race information
Distance 4,000 metres (2½ miles)
Surface Turf
Track Right-handed
Qualification Four-years-old and up
Weight 58 kg
Allowances
1½ kg for fillies and mares
Purse €300,000 (2015)
1st: €171,420
Prix du Cadran
2016
Yellow, black sash, white sleeves, black and white quartered cap GREEN, red epaulettes, green cap Black, green hoop and armlets, green cap, black spots
Quest For More Vazirabad Nearly Caught

The Prix du Cadran is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged four years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 4,000 metres (about 2½ miles), and it is scheduled to take place each year in early October.

It is France's most prestigious race for "stayers" – horses which specialise in racing over long distances. It is the French equivalent of the Gold Cup, the leading stayers' race in Great Britain.

History[edit]

The event is named after a clock face (cadran) at the École Militaire, a building located alongside its original venue, the Champ de Mars. It was first run in 1837, and was initially contested over one and a quarter laps of the track, about 2,500 metres.

The race was extended to 4,000 metres in 1843, and increased to 4,200 metres in 1846. It was held at Versailles in 1848, due to that year's French Revolution. It was not run in 1850, and its distance changed several times in the following decade. It was restricted to four-year-olds in 1854. It was transferred to Longchamp in 1857, and reverted to 4,200 metres in 1858. It was cancelled in 1871, because of the Franco-Prussian War.

The Prix du Cadran was re-opened to horses aged five or older and cut to 4,000 metres in 1913. It was abandoned throughout World War I, with no running from 1915 to 1918. It was cancelled once during World War II, in 1940. It was staged at Le Tremblay over 4,100 metres from 1943 to 1945. It was abandoned because of student protests in 1968.

The present system of race grading was introduced in 1971, and the Prix du Cadran was classed at the highest level, Group 1. For a period it took place in late May. It was opened to geldings in 1986.

The race was moved to the Saturday of Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe weekend in 1991. It was later switched to the same day as the "Arc", usually the first Sunday in October.

Records[edit]

Most successful horse (4 wins):

  • Marsyas1944, 1945, 1946, 1947

Leading jockey (5 wins):

  • Yves Saint-MartinWaldmeister (1965), Danseur (1967), Recupere (1974), Buckskin (1977, 1978)

Leading trainer (15 wins):

  • Tom Jennings – La Cloture (1851), Hervine (1852), Papillon (1854), Monarque (1856), Compiegne (1862), Alerte (1863), Beatrix (1865), La Fortune (1866), Auguste (1867), Longchamps (1868), Le Sarrazin (1869), Boulogne (1870), Saint Christophe (1878), Rayon d'Or (1880), Milan (1881)
(note: the trainers of some of the early winners are unknown)

Leading owner (11 wins):

  • Frédéric de Lagrange – Compiegne (1862), Alerte (1863), Beatrix (1865), La Fortune (1866), Auguste (1867), Longchamps (1868), Le Sarrazin (1869), Boulogne (1870), Saint Christophe (1878), Rayon d'Or (1880), Milan (1881)

Winners since 1969[edit]

Year Winner Age Jockey Trainer Owner Time
1969 Levmoss 4 Bill Williamson Seamus McGrath Seamus McGrath 4:42.70
1970 Le Chouan 4 Bill Pyers Maurice Zilber Daniel Wildenstein 4:28.70
1971 Ramsin 4 Henri Samani Geoffroy Watson Thierry van Zuylen 4:49.00
1972 Rock Roi 5 Duncan Keith Peter Walwyn Roger Hue-Williams 4:30.60
1973 Lassalle 4 Jimmy Lindley Richard Carver, Jr. Zenya Yoshida 4:40.50
1974 Recupere 4 Yves Saint-Martin Gilles Delloye Alan Clore 4:40.50
1975 Le Bavard 4 Alfred Gibert Max Bonaventure Henry Aubert 4:40.00
1976 Sagaro 5 Philippe Paquet François Boutin Gerry Oldham 4:20.90
1977 Buckskin 4 Yves Saint-Martin Angel Penna Daniel Wildenstein 4:36.00
1978 Buckskin 5 Yves Saint-Martin Peter Walwyn Daniel Wildenstein 4:38.10
1979 El Badr 4 Henri Samani Mitri Saliba Mahmoud Fustok 4:17.30
1980 Shafaraz 7 Maurice Philipperon Pierre Biancone Yurk Skalka 4:17.40
1981 Gold River 4 Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 4:38.00
1982 El Badr 7 Alfred Gibert Mitri Saliba Mahmoud Fustok 5:19.10
1983 Karkour 5 Freddy Head Joseph Audon Ecurie Manhattan 4:49.60
1984 Neustrien 5 Eric Legrix Patrick Biancone Naji Pharaon 4:45.50
1985 Balitou 6 Eric Legrix Patrick Biancone Daniel Wildenstein 4:17.90
1986 Air de Cour 4 Eric Legrix Patrick Biancone Daniel Wildenstein 4:21.10
1987 Royal Gait 4 Olindo Mongelluzzo Gerardo Villarta Manuel Pereira-Arias 4:28.90
1988 Yaka 5 Cash Asmussen Alain Chelet Mrs Arthur Dewez 4:34.00
1989 Trebrook 5 Eric Legrix Jean Lesbordes Georges Blizniansky 4:23.10
1990 Mercalle 4 Maurice Bouland Maurice Bouland Raymond Le Poder 4:19.20
1991 Victoire Bleue 4 Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Daniel Wildenstein 4:27.00
1992 Sought Out 4 Cash Asmussen John Hammond Lord Weinstock 4:41.10
1993 Assessor 4 John Reid Richard Hannon, Sr. Bjorn Nielsen 4:38.20
1994 Molesnes 4 Olivier Peslier Marcel Rolland Mitaab bin Abdullah 4:27.50
1995 Always Earnest 7 Alain Badel Myriam Bollack-Badel Mrs Claude Bourg 4:36.50
1996 Nononito 5 Thierry Jarnet Jean Lesbordes Patrick Sebagh 4:31.50
1997 Chief Contender 4 Olivier Doleuze Peter Chapple-Hyam Sue Magnier 4:16.40
1998 Invermark 4 Richard Hughes James Fanshawe Sir David Wills 4:47.80
1999 Tajoun 5 Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 4:51.80
2000 San Sebastian 6 Davy Bonilla John Dunlop Mrs Michael Watt 4:14.10
2001 Germinis 7 Renaud Janneau Patrice Chevillard Robert Sallet 4:46.30
2002 Give Notice 5 Johnny Murtagh John Dunlop Stewart-Brown / Meacock 4:23.80
2003 Westerner 4 Dominique Boeuf Elie Lellouche Ecurie Wildenstein 4:37.50
2004 Westerner 5 Olivier Peslier Elie Lellouche Ecurie Wildenstein 4:19.80
2005 Reefscape 4 Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Khalid Abdullah 4:36.00
2006 Sergeant Cecil 7 Frankie Dettori Rod Millman Terry Cooper 4:20.90
2007 Le Miracle 6 Dominique Boeuf Werner Baltromei R'stall Gestüt Hachtsee 4:29.80
2008 Bannaby 5 Christophe Soumillon M. Delcher Sánchez Cuadra Miranda SL 4:22.20
2009 Alandi 4 Michael Kinane John Oxx HH Aga Khan IV 4:12.70
2010 Gentoo 6 Gérald Mossé Alain Lyon Serge Tripier-Mondancin 4:40.80
2011 Kasbah Bliss 9 Gérald Mossé François Doumen Henri de Pracomtal 4:30.52
2012 Molly Malone 4 Umberto Rispoli Mikel Delzangles Dieter Bürkle 4:43.60
2013 Altano 7 Eduardo Pedroza Andreas Wohler Frau Dr I Hornig 4:24.38
2014 High Jinx 6 Ryan Moore James Fanshawe Mr & Mrs W. J. Williams 4:12.22
2015 Mille Et Mille 5 Thierry Thulliez Carlos Lerner Nicolas Saltiel 4:22.61
2016 Quest For More[b] 6 George Baker Roger Charlton Sultan Ahmad Shah 4:23.57

a The 2016 race took place at Chantilly while Longchamp was closed for redevelopment.

Earlier winners[edit]

  • 1837: Miss Annette
  • 1838: Franck
  • 1839: Nautilus
  • 1840: Nautilus
  • 1841: Deception
  • 1842: Nautilus
  • 1843: Annetta
  • 1844: Nativa
  • 1845: Edwin
  • 1846: Tomate
  • 1847: Liverpool
  • 1848: Morok
  • 1849: Nanetta
  • 1850: no race
  • 1851: La Cloture
  • 1852: Hervine
  • 1853: Trust
  • 1854: Papillon
  • 1855: Remuneration
  • 1856: Monarque
  • 1857: Nat
  • 1858: Potocki
  • 1859: Martel en Tete
  • 1860: Geologie
  • 1861: Pretendant
  • 1862: Compiegne
  • 1863: Alerte
  • 1864: Guillaume le Taciturne
  • 1865: Beatrix
  • 1866: La Fortune
  • 1867: Auguste
  • 1868: Longchamps
  • 1869: Le Sarrazin
  • 1870: Boulogne
  • 1871: no race
  • 1872: Veranda
  • 1873: Revigny
  • 1874: Boiard
  • 1875: Saltarelle
  • 1876: Saint Cyr
  • 1877: Enguerrande
  • 1878: Saint Christophe
  • 1879: Clocher
  • 1880: Rayon d'Or
  • 1881: Milan
  • 1882: Bariolet
  • 1883: Seigneur
  • 1884: Regain
  • 1885: Archiduc
  • 1886: Lapin
  • 1887: Sauterelle
  • 1888: Krakatoa
  • 1889: Siberie
  • 1890: Clover
  • 1891: Mirabeau
  • 1892: Berenger
  • 1893: Chene Royal
  • 1894: Fousi Yama
  • 1895: Excuse
  • 1896: Omnium II
  • 1897: Olmutz
  • 1898: Chambertin
  • 1899: Le Roi Soleil
  • 1900: Perth
  • 1901: Ivoire
  • 1902: La Camargo
  • 1903: Astronome
  • 1904: Camisole
  • 1905: Gouvernant
  • 1906: Strozzi
  • 1907: Ris Orangis
  • 1908: Kalisz
  • 1909: Sauge Pourpree
  • 1910: Aveu
  • 1911: La Francaise
  • 1912: Combourg
  • 1913: Predicateur
  • 1914: Nimbus
  • 1915–18: no race
  • 1919: Bridaine
  • 1920: Samourai
  • 1921: Odol
  • 1922: Ksar
  • 1923: Le Prodige
  • 1924: Filibert de Savoie
  • 1925: Cadum
  • 1926: Priori
  • 1927: Asteroide
  • 1928: Nino
  • 1929: Cacao
  • 1930: Hotweed
  • 1931: Chateau Bouscaut
  • 1932: Brulette
  • 1933: Gris Perle
  • 1934: Thor
  • 1935: Brantome
  • 1936: Chaudiere
  • 1937: Fantastic
  • 1938: Dadji
  • 1939: Foxlight
  • 1940: no race
  • 1941: Maurepas
  • 1942: Nepenthe
  • 1943: Hern the Hunter
  • 1944: Marsyas
  • 1945: Marsyas
  • 1946: Marsyas
  • 1947: Marsyas
  • 1948: Arbar
  • 1949: Turmoil
  • 1950: Ciel Etoile
  • 1951: Ysard
  • 1952: Mat de Cocagne
  • 1953: Feu du Diable *
  • 1954: Silex
  • 1955: Elpenor
  • 1956: Bewitched
  • 1957: Cambremer
  • 1958: Scot
  • 1959: Tello
  • 1960: Le Loup Garou
  • 1961: Puissant Chef
  • 1962: Taine
  • 1963: Taine
  • 1964: Azincourt
  • 1965: Waldmeister
  • 1966: Fantomas
  • 1967: Danseur
  • 1968: no race

* Vamos finished first in 1953, but he was disqualified.

See also[edit]

References[edit]