Prošek is a sweet dessert wine that is traditionally from the southern area of Dalmatia, Croatia. It is made using dried wine grapes in the passito method. Good quality Prošek is usually much more expensive by volume than other wines due to an average of seven times as many grapes being needed to make the same amount of wine. While it can vary in the maximum amount, the alcohol level needed to be certified as a true dessert wine must be at least 15%.
The composition is typically of Bogdanuša, Maraština, and/or Vugava (all native Croatian white grapes) with higher-end versions being a blend of the base white grapes and Plavac Mali (a red Croatian grape).
Confusion with prosecco
Although the word Prošek sounds similar to the Italian sparkling wine Prosecco, there are no similarities between the products either with regards to production method, style, or the grapes used, and there is no relation between the origins of the two names. Because of the name similarity, on 1 July 2013, the EU banned the use of name Prošek in all member states. Croatia filed a complaint, as a Croatian winegrower claimed that the wine had been produced "for at least 2000 years". In September 2021, the European Commission agreed to reconsider whether Prošek should be accorded a recognized protected label. Italian politicians immediately denounced the decision, with one regional governor describing the move "as if they wanted to take away Ferrari."
- Miquel Hudin. "Defining Prošek". Hudin.com. Retrieved 2020-04-17.(subscription required)
- Bonadio, Enrico; Contardi, Magali (27 September 2021). "Prosecco or prošek? The EU battle between Italy and Croatia over wine branding". The Conversation. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
- J., J. (6 May 2013). "Nov Hrvaški "kulinarični poraz": EU jim je prepovedal uporabo imena prošek". Siol. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
- "An echo of Prosecco? Italy vows to block EU label for Croatia's prosek wine". Reuters. 15 September 2021. Retrieved 1 October 2021.