Pro-Europeanism

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Pro-Europeanism, sometimes called European Unionism,[1][2] is a political position that favours European integration and membership of the European Union (EU).[3] It includes the more radical European federalists, who seek to create a single superstate known informally as a United States of Europe.[3] A related term is "Europhile".[3]

As such, it is the opposite of Euroscepticism, which refers to political attitudes sceptical of—or opposed to—European integration, not to be confused with the term "Anti-Europeanism".

Pro-EU political parties[edit]

Pan-European level[edit]

Within the EU[edit]

Outside the EU[edit]

Multinational European partnerships[edit]

  • Council of Europe: an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy, rule of law in Europe and to promote European culture. It has 47 member states, with approximately 820 million people.
  • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe: the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization, with 57 participating states mostly in Europe and the Northern Hemisphere.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gowland, David. Britain and the European Union. Taylor & Francis, 2016. p.109
  2. ^ Sadurski, Wojciech. Spreading Democracy and the Rule of Law?. Springer Science & Business Media, 2006. pp.51, 55
  3. ^ a b c Krisztina Arató, Petr Kaniok (editors). Euroscepticism and European Integration. Political Science Research Centre Zagreb, 2009. p.40
  4. ^ "Austrian People's Party (ÖVP)". The Democratic Society. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  5. ^ Ton Notermans (January 2001). Social Democracy and Monetary Union. Berghahn Books. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-57181-806-5.
  6. ^ "Austria's Freedom Party sees vote rise". BBC News. 25 May 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  7. ^ Almeida, Dimitri (107). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Routledge. p. 107.
  8. ^ Nathaniel Copsey; Tim Haughton (2009). The JCMS Annual Review of the European Union in 2008. John Wiley & Sons. p. 56. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  9. ^ Richard Davis Anderson (2001). "Postcommunism and the Theory of Democracy". Princeton University Press. p. 147. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  10. ^ a b c Donatella M. Viola (2015). Routledge Handbook of European Elections. Routledge. p. 639. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  11. ^ "Statut" (PDF). HDZ. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Evropa je prostorem společných hodnot". KDU-ČSL. 10 Dec 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  13. ^ Předseda Pirátů Bartoš: Nejsme vítači migrantů a jít do vlády se nebojíme. Novinky.cz. Published on September 10, 2017
  14. ^ "Česko by bez pomoci EU mohlo být popelnicí Evropy, míní Chmelař". ČSSD. 28 July 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Zelení: Evropa musí zahájit jednání o své federalizaci - Strana zelených". Zeliní. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  16. ^ "VOLEBNÍ PROGRAM 2017". TOP09. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  17. ^ Claudia Hefftler; et al. (2015). The Palgrave Handbook of National Parliaments and the European Union. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 286]. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  18. ^ "EU". Social Demokratiet. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Europæisk Samarbejde". Venstre. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  20. ^ "EU-Politik - Det Konservative Folkeparti". Det Konservative Folkeparti. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  21. ^ "Riigikogu 2015 programm". Sotsiaal Demokraadid. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  22. ^ "Party Platform". Keskerakond. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  23. ^ "SMC" (PDF). Stranka Mira Cerarja. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  24. ^ "Program Socialne demokracije" (PDF). Social Democrats (Slovenia). Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  25. ^ "About". Nova Slovenija. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  26. ^ "Program". Zavezništvo. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  27. ^ "Temeljna načela SLS". Slovenian People's Party. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  28. ^ "Protect Britain's place in Europe". Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  29. ^ Stone, Jon (25 June 2016). "Liberal Democrats pledge to keep Britain in the EU after next election". The Independent. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  30. ^ Mason, Rowena (14 March 2016). "Green party 'loud and proud' about backing Britain in Europe". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  31. ^ "Stay in EU to solve its problems, Plaid Cymru says". BBC News. 10 February 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  32. ^ "Brexit Section". Plaid Cymru / Party of Wales. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  33. ^ Carrell, Severin (3 March 2016). "Scotland to campaign officially to remain in the EU". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  34. ^ McDonnell, Alasdair (10 June 2016). "McDonnell Brexit Address". Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP). Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  35. ^ Greer, Ross (22 February 2016). "Now is the time to fight to stay in Europe ... and to reform it from the left, not the right as Cameron plans". Green Party of Scotland. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  36. ^ Walker, Sophie (26 July 2018). "Overconfident men brought us Brexit. It's not too late for women to fix it". The Guardian. Opinion. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  37. ^ Hughes, Brendan (22 February 2016). "EU referendum: Where Northern Ireland parties stand". The Irish News. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  38. ^ "Green Party Manifesto (2017, Westminster)" (PDF). Green Party of Northern Ireland. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  39. ^ "A reformed Europe - Policies and Manifesto". Mebyon Kernow. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  40. ^ "What we believe". UK European People's Party. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  41. ^ "International". Left Unity. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  42. ^ MacAskill, Andrew. "New British party inspired by Macron seeks to overturn Brexit". reuters.com. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  43. ^ "Cooperation with the European Union". Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  44. ^ "Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe - Member Parties". Retrieved 23 October 2018.