Pro-independence movements in Russian Civil War

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The collapse of the Russian Empire in September 1918

Pro-independence movements in Russian Civil War within the territory of the former Russian Empire sought for creation of independent and non-Bolshevik nation states after the October Revolution. They were often supported politically or militarily by the Entente Powers. Some of them cooperated with the Russian White Movement, others were opposed to it. Many pro-independence movements emerged after the break-up of the Russian Empire and fought in the war.[1]

The following list presents the major pro-independence movements and the conflicts they were involved in during this period.

Western periphery[edit]

Finnish Civil War
Viena expedition
Aunus expedition
  • Poland  Poland (Independence from 1918)
Polish-Ukrainian War
Polish-Soviet War
Polish-Lithuanian War
Ukrainian War of Independence
Ukrainian-Soviet War
Polish-Ukrainian War

Baltic States[edit]

Estonian War of Independence
  •  Latvia (Independence from 1918)
Latvian War of Independence
Lithuanian Wars of Independence
Polish-Lithuanian War

European Russia[edit]

Eastern periphery[edit]


Armenian-Azerbaijani War
Red Army invasion of Azerbaijan
Georgian–Armenian War 1918
Armenian-Azerbaijani War
Turkish-Armenian War
Georgian–Ossetian conflict
Georgian–Armenian War 1918
Sochi conflict
Red Army invasion of Georgia

Central Asia[edit]


  1. ^ Bullock, David (2008). The Russian Civil War, 1918-22 (1st publ. ed.). Oxford: Osprey Pub. ISBN 978-1-84603-271-4.