Pro Kabaddi league

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Pro Kabaddi league (PKL)
Pro Kabbadi League New Logo.jpeg
CountriesIndia India
AdministratorMashal Sports
First Edition2014
Latest Edition2019
Tournament formatDouble round-robin league and Playoffs
Number of teams12
Current championBengaluru Bulls (1st title)
Most successfulPatna Pirates (3 titles)
2018–19 Pro Kabaddi League season

The Pro Kabaddi League, currently known as Vivo Pro Kabaddi League for sponsorship purpose, is a professional-level Kabaddi league in India. It was launched in 2014 and is broadcast on Star Sports.[1]

The leagues inception was influenced by the popularity of the Kabaddi tournament at the 2006 Asian Games. The format of the competition was influenced by Indian Premier League. The Pro Kabaddi League uses a franchise-based model and its first season was held in 2014 with eight teams each of which having paid fees of up to US$250,000 to join.[2][3]

There were doubts over whether the PKL would be successful, noting that there were many leagues attempting to emulate the IPL's business model and success, and that unlike cricket, there were relatively fewer well-known players in Kabaddi. However, it was also noted that kabaddi was widely played in grassroots community settings, and could thus attract a wide variety of rural and metropolitan viewers for advertisers to target if the league gained significant traction.[2]

The inaugural season was seen by 435 million viewers, Mashal sports placing it just behind the total-season viewership of the 2014 Indian Premier League season, while the inaugural championship was seen by 86.4 million viewers.[4][5] Star Sports, the PKL's broadcaster,[6] subsequently announced in 2015 that it would acquire a 74% stake in the league's parent company Mashal Sports.[7]

For the 2017 season, the PKL added four new teams, and changed its format to split the teams into two divisions known as "zones".[8]

Format[edit]

The PKL's rules are similar to that of the indoor team version of Kabaddi, but with additional rules to encourage more scoring. Playing two "empty" raids in a row will trigger a "do-or-die raid", where the raider must score a point or they will be declared out. When a defensive side has three or fewer players remaining, tackles are scored as a "Super Tackle", which is worth two points instead of one.[9][10][11]

Seasons[edit]

Season 1

The first signing and auction of players for the 8 teams was held on 20 May 2014[6] in Mumbai. India's national kabaddi captain Rakesh Kumar was the priciest among the players bought for 12.80 lakh by the Patna Pirates.[12] Sports Authority of India's Deepak Niwas Hooda was bought by Telugu Titans franchise for 12.60 lakh.[12] Tae Deok Eom was the highest paid overseas player bought for 7 lakh by Patna franchise.[12]

The duration of the season was from 26 July 2014 to 31 August 2014. There were double round robin matches along with two semifinals, third place and final games. 56 games were to be played in first round and 4 in play off stage making total of 60 games. 8 teams took part in first edition. First game was played on July 26 between U Mumba and Jaipur Pink Panthers and the final was played on August 31 at Mumbai. Jaipur Pink Panthers beat U Mumba by 35-24 to win the inaugural Pro Kabaddi League.

Season 2

Star Sports Pro Kabaddi season 2 was from 18 July 2015 to 23 August 2015. There were 60 matches played with two semifinals, a third place play-off and a final. First game was played on July 18 between U Mumba and Jaipur Pink Panthers and the final was played on August 23 at Mumbai between U Mumba and Bengaluru Bulls. U Mumba beat Bengaluru Bulls by 36-30 to win the 2015 season of Pro Kabaddi League.[13] U Mumba stood first, Bengaluru Bulls stood second and Telugu Titans stood on third position in the league.

Season 3

Star Sports Pro Kabaddi Season 3 will have two editions. The CEO of Star India, Mr. Sanjay Gupta confirmed that Star Sports Pro Kabaddi wants to make Pro Kabaddi, a 5-week event, happen 10 weeks a year by having two editions a year. The idea is to play the tournament once in January–February 2016 and once in June–July 2016. It also had 8 teams. Patna Pirates beat U Mumba by 3 Points in the final in Delhi to take home the trophy. Puneri Paltan came third this season.

Season 4

The fourth season took place from June 25 to July 31, 2016, with the existing eight teams participating. Patna Pirates beat Jaipur Pink Panthers in the men's final. Season 4 also saw the launch of first professional woman kabaddi league, Women's Kabaddi Challenge (WKC). First season saw 3 teams namely Ice Divas, Fire Birds and Storm Queens battle it out to be the first ever WKC champions. The final, scheduled along with the men's final in Hyderabad, the Storm Queens defeated the Fire Birds.

Season 5

The 2017 season was the fifth edition of the Pro Kabaddi League, and it featured 12 teams, including new teams from Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, and Gujarat. The team from Haryana is known as Haryana Steelers owned by JSW Sports.[14] Sachin Tendulkar co-owns the Tamil Nadu team named Tamil Thalaivas.[15] The Uttar Pradesh team is named as UP Yoddha owned by GMR group and Gujarat team is named as Gujarat Fortune Giants owned by Gautam Adani.

Auctions for the new season were held in May, before which the existing teams were allowed to retain one player each. The auction saw over 400 players go under the hammer and Rs 46.99 crores spent by the 12 teams.[16]

The Pro Kabaddi League Season 5 started on July 28, 2017.

The most expensive pick of the auction was raider Nitin Tomar, who was bought by the Uttar Pradesh team for a sum of Rs 93 lakh. Following in second place was Rohit Kumar after the Bengaluru Bulls picked him for a Rs 81 lakhs price. The most expensive foreign player was South Korea's Jang Kun Lee[17] after he was retained by the Bengal Warriors for Rs 80.3 lakhs.

The new season was slated to be the biggest league tournament of its kind in the history of Indian sports in terms of geographical coverage and duration. It featured 138 matches spread across a time period of 13 weeks across 11 states.

A Children's Kabaddi tournament, known as KBD Juniors, was also organised between schools of the cities in which the matches were held.

Patna Pirates Beat Gujarat Fortune Giants by 55-38 in the final with the Man Of The Tournament Pardeep Narwal stealing the show with 19 raid points against a hopeless Fortune Giant defense for the first time in the tournament.

The award ceremony of the finale was hosted by Pooja Bhamrah. Pardeep Narwal was adjudged the man of the finale.

Season 6

The 2018 season is the sixth edition of the Pro Kabaddi League, and it features 12 teams. Auctions for the new season were held in which Haryana Steelers paid INR 1.51 Crores for Monu Goyat [18] who became the highest paid player in the history of ProKabaddi league.

The most expensive Foreign player this season is Fazel Atrachali[19] from Iran. He was bought by U Mumba[20] for INR 1 Crore.

Zone B toppers, Bengaluru Bulls Beat The Zone A Toppers, Gujarat Fortune Giants by 38-33 in the final with the Man Of The Tournament Pawan Kumar Sehrawat stealing the show with a record 22 raid points against the young Fortune Giants defence. For a consecutive second time Gujarat Fortunegiants have lost in the finals. The coach of Bengaluru Bulls, Randhir Singh was happy as his team finally won the tournament after underwhelming finishes in the previous couple of seasons. On the other hand, Manpreet Singh, the coach of the Gujarat Fortunegiants rued the opportunity to win the tournament after losing two successive finals.

First season that the dangerous SuMo jodi did not play together.[21] The result was that neither of their teams qualified through.

Viewership[edit]

As per the available data of the opening 2 weeks, Star Sports Pro Kabaddi viewership on TV increased by nearly 56% from the 2014 year's viewership. During the inaugural season tournament viewership was 43.5 crore(435 million) viewers, which was the second in India after the 56 crore(560 million) of IPL viewership. The online viewership also increased 1.3 crore unique visitors, which is 18.5 times than of last year's 7 lakh unique visitors. The third season which was flagged off on 30 January, recorded a surge in viewership with the opening week ratings 36 per cent higher than the week one viewership for its last season.[22]

Teams[edit]

Kits[edit]

Teams Owners Captain Head coach Kit Manufacturer Kit Sponsor
Bengal Warriors Birthright Games & Entertainment Private Limited India PO Surjeet Singh India Jagdish Kumble Spunk Future Pay
Bengaluru Bulls Kosmik Global Media India Rohit Kumar India Randhir Singh Shekhawat Shiv-Naresh AbhiPaisa
Dabang Delhi KC DoIT Sports Management Pvt Ltd. India Jogendar Narwal India Krishan Kumar Hooda Awfis
Gujarat Fortune Giants Adani Group India Sunil Kumar India Manpreet Singh Shiv-Naresh Fru2go
Haryana Steelers JSW Sports India Surender Nada India Rambir Singh Khokhar Alcis Herbalife Nutrition
Jaipur Pink Panthers Abhishek Bachchan India Deepak Niwas Hooda India Srinivas Reddy D:FY Finolex Cables
Patna Pirates KVS Energy and Sports Limited India Pardeep Narwal India Ram Mehar Singh 4U Sports Birla Gold Cement
Puneri Paltan Insurekot Sports India Girish Maruti Ernak India Ashan Kumar Equio Force Motors
Tamil Thalaivas Nimmagadda Prasad,Sachin Tendulkar,Allu arjun,Ram Charan & ,allu Aravind India Ajay Thakur India E Baskaran Orbit Wires & Cables
Telugu Titans Veera Sports India Vishal Bharadwaj India Kilaru Jagmohan Vats Greenko
U Mumba Ronnie Screwvala Iran Fazel Atrachali Iran Gholamreza Mazandarai Indigo Paints
UP Yoddha GMR Group India Rishank Devadiga India Jasveer Singh T10 Sports Tata Yodha

Tournament results[edit]

Three teams, Jaipur Pink Panthers, U Mumba and Bengaluru Bulls have won the tournament once, while Patna Pirates have won the Pro Kabaddi League thrice and the only champions to have defended their title twice.The current champion's are Bengaluru Bulls who won the latest edition of the competition.

Season Final Final venue # of Teams Best Raider [Most raid points] Best Defender [Most tackle points] Best Allrounder [Most (Total)points]
Winner Result Runner-up
2014 Jaipur Pink Panthers 35-24
SD = 11
Report
U Mumba National Sports Club of India, Mumbai 8 Anup kumar Manjeet Chillar Anup Kumar
2015 U Mumba 36-30
SD = 6
Report
Bengaluru Bulls Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Indoor Stadium, Mumbai 8 Kashiling Adake Ravinder Pahal Kashiling Adake
2016
January
Patna Pirates 31-28
SD = 3
Hindi ReportReport
U Mumba Indira Gandhi Indoor Stadium, New Delhi 8 Pardeep Narwal Manjeet Chillar Pardeep Narwal
2016
June
Patna Pirates 37-29
SD = 8
Report
Jaipur Pink Panthers Gachibowli Indoor Stadium, Hyderabad 8 Rahul Chaudhari Fazel Atrachali Rahul Chaudhari
2017 Patna Pirates 55-38

SD = 17

Gujarat Fortune Giants Jawaharlal Nehru Indoor Stadium, Chennai 12 Pardeep Narwal[24] Surender Nada Pardeep Narwal
2018 Bengaluru Bulls 38-33[25]

SD = 5

Gujarat Fortune Giants DOME@NSCI SVP STEDIUM, Mumbai 12 Pawan Kumar Sehrawat Nitesh Kumar Pawan Kumar Sehrawat

Position of all the teams in all seasons[edit]

Team[26] 2014 2015 2016
Jan
2016
June
2017 2018
Bengal Warriors 7th 6th 4th 8th 3rd 5th
Bengaluru Bulls 4th R 7th 6th 4th W
Dabang Delhi 6th 7th 8th 7th 6th 4th
Jaipur Pink Panthers W 5th 6th R 5th 6th
Patna Pirates 3rd 4th W W W 4th
Puneri Paltan 8th 8th 3rd 3rd 4th 6th
Telugu Titans 5th 3rd 5th 4th 5th 6th
U Mumba R W R 5th 4th 5th
Gujarat Fortune Giants NP NP NP NP R R
Haryana Steelers NP NP NP NP 6th 6th
UP Yoddha NP NP NP NP 3rd 3rd
Tamil Thalaivas NP NP NP NP 6th 6th

Sponsorship[edit]

Period Sponsor Tournament
2013-16 India Star Sports Star Sports Pro Kabaddi
2017-18 India Vivo Vivo Pro Kabaddi

Tournament statistics[edit]

Most Points All Seasons[edit]

Rank Player Team Match Total points
1 India Rahul Chaudhari Telugu Titans 100 876
2 India Pardeep Narwal Patna Pirates 85 865
3 India Deepak Niwas Hooda Jaipur Pink Panthers 103 785
4 India Ajay Thakur Tamil Thalaivas 102 753
5 India Kashiling Adake Bengaluru Bulls 90 610

Best Raiders[edit]

Best Raiders (Raid points all seasons)
Rank Player Team Match Total points
1 India Pardeep Narwal Patna Pirates 85 858
2 India Rahul Chaudhari Tamil Thalaivas 100 825
3 India Ajay Thakur Tamil Thalaivas 102 732
4 India Deepak Niwas Hooda Jaipur Pink Panthers 103 710
5 India Rohit Kumar Bengaluru Bulls 72 576
Best Raiders (Successful raids all season)
Player Team Match Total Raid Points
India Rahul Chaudhari Tamil Thalaivas 100 679
India Pardeep Narwal Patna Pirates 85 646
India Ajay Thakur Tamil Thalaivas 102 593
India Deepak Niwas Hooda Jaipur Pink Panthers 103 585
India Rohit Kumar Bengaluru Bulls 71 475

Best Defenders[edit]

Best Defenders (Most Tackle Points)
Player Team Match Tackle Points
India Manjeet Chillar Tamil Thalaivas 93 302
India Ravinder Pahal Dabang Delhi 89 263
India Sandeep Narwal Puneri Paltan 101 254
India Mohit Chillar Tamil Thalaivas 91 240
Iran Fazel Atrachali U Mumba 79 235
Best Defenders (Successful Tackles)
Player Team Match Tackle Points
India Manjeet Chillar Tamil Thalaivas 93 289
India Ravindra Pahal Dabang Delhi 89 244
India Sandeep Narwal Puneri Paltan 101 231
India Mohit Chillar Tamil Thalaivas 91 220
Iran Fazel Atrachali U Mumba 79 220

Prize money[edit]

Prize money for the winner of Season 6 was ₹ 3 crore. The first and second runners-up were awarded ₹ 1.8 crore and ₹ 1.2 crore respectively.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kabaddi gets the IPL treatment". BBC News. 7 August 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Kabaddi gets the IPL treatment". BBC News. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Kabaddi deserves a league of its own: Anand Mahindra". The Economic Times. 10 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Pro Kabaddi league viewership second only to IPL". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Simple, visceral, fun: why the ancient sport of kabaddi is enjoying a resurgence". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Pro Kabaddi league fixes players' auction on May 20". Times of India. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  7. ^ "Star India Buys 74% Stake In Pro Kabaddi Owner Mashal Sports". Sports Business Daily. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  8. ^ "Pro Kabaddi League 2017: Full schedule, format, new teams and all you need to know about Season 5". Firstpost. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Kabaddi World Cup 2016: A handy guide to the format, rules and how the sport works". Firstpost. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Kabaddi 101: Raid, defend, revive, repeat". ESPN.com. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  11. ^ "Everything you need to know about Kabaddi". The Indian Express. 30 January 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  12. ^ a b c Special Correspondent (21 May 2014). "Rakesh Kumar gets the highest bid". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Pro Kabaddi season2-results".
  14. ^ "Haryana Steelers Pro Kabaddi team announced". Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  15. ^ "Sachin Tendulkar to co-own Tamil Nadu Pro Kabaddi team". Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  16. ^ "Mind and Money Games: Auction 2017". TACKLED: Analytics led Insights for Prokabaddi Season 5. 28 June 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  17. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Jang-kun
  18. ^ https://www.kabaddiadda.com/pkl-auction-season6/monu-goyat-1000129
  19. ^ https://www.kabaddiadda.com/pkl-auction-season6/fazel-atrachali-1000065
  20. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U_Mumba
  21. ^ "The deadly duo of SuMo- Surender Nada and Mohit Chhillar". Kabaddi Adda. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  22. ^ "Star Sports Pro Kabaddi League season 3 ratings rise by 36%". Indian Television Dot Com. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  23. ^ "Official Website for the Pro Kabaddi League". ProKabaddi.com. 9 March 2014. Archived from the original on 23 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  24. ^ "Pardeep Narwal". Kabaddi Adda. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  25. ^ "Bengaluru Bulls, beat Gujarat Fortunegiants to lift the Prokabaddi season 6 trophy". Kabaddi Adda. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  26. ^ "https://www.prokabaddi.com/standings". www.prokabaddi.com. Retrieved 29 October 2017. External link in |title= (help)
  27. ^ "Pro Kabaddi League 2017: Consolidated prize money for Season 5 increased to INR 8 crore". Firstpost. 15 July 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.

External links[edit]