Procaterol

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Procaterol
Procaterol.svg
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.comMicromedex Detailed Consumer Information
Routes of
administration
Oral (tablets, syrup), inhalation (DPI)
ATC code
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ECHA InfoCard100.069.606 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC16H22N2O3
Molar mass290.357 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)
ChiralityRacemic mixture
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Procaterol, applied as procaterol hydrochloride (USAN), is an intermediate-acting[citation needed] β2 adrenoreceptor agonist used for the treatment of asthma. It has never been filed for FDA evaluation in the United States, where it is not marketed. | editor-last = Ghebre-sellassie

| editor-first = Issac
| editorlink =
| editor2-last = Nesbitt Jr.
| editor2-first = Russell U.
| editorlink2 =
| publication-date = 1984
| issue-date = 1986
| title = Procaterol stabilization
| country-code = US
| subscription =
| series-number = 4616022

}}</ref> Pharmaceutical company Parke-Davis/Warner-Lambert researched a stabilizer to prevent oxidation, but an effective one was never developed.[1]

Synthesis[edit]

Like pirbuterol, procaterol exhibits similar broncholytic properties as salbutamol (albuterol), but it has somewhat of a more prolonged action. It is recommended for use as an inhaled drug for treating asthma.

Procaterol synthesis:[2][3][4][5]

8-Hydroxycarbostyril 1 is acylated with 2-bromobutyric acid chloride 2 at the fifth position of the quinoline system, which gives the compound 3. This undergoes action of isopropylamine, forming an aminoketone, the carbonyl group of which is reduced by sodium borohydride, giving procaterol 4.

Trade names[edit]

Procaterol is available under a number of trade names (Onsukil, Masacin, Procadil and others), the most common seems to be Meptin ((KR), (CN), (ID), (MY), (PH), (SG), (TH), (HK)).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ US, "Procaterol stabilization", published 1984, issued 1986 
  2. ^ K. Nakagawa, S. Yoshizaki, U.S. Patent 4,026,897 (1977).
  3. ^ S. Yoshizaki, M. Osaki, K. Nakagawa, Y. Yamura, Chem. Pharm. Bull., 28, 3441 (1980).
  4. ^ Yoshizaki, Shiro; Tanimura, Kaoru; Tamada, Shigeharu; Yabuuchi, Youichi; Nakagawa, Kazuyuki (1976). "Sympathomimetic amines having a carbostyril nucleus". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 19 (9): 1138. doi:10.1021/jm00231a011. PMID 10441.
  5. ^ Yoshizaki, Shiro; Manabe, Yoshiaki; Tamada, Shigeharu; Nakagawa, Kazuyuki; Tei, Seiso (1977). "Isomers of erythro-5-(1-hydroxy-2-isopropylaminobutyl)-8-hydroxycarbostyril, a new bronchodilator". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 20 (8): 1103. doi:10.1021/jm00218a024. PMID 894683.
  6. ^ "International Drugs: Procaterol". Drugs.com. Retrieved 7 March 2016.