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Procedia is an open access journal series published by Elsevier.

The purpose of Procedia is to publish, for a fee, "proposed conference proceedings" in a "dedicated online issue". Elsevier advertises this product as having a focus on delivering high quality content and maintains "Peer-review is under the responsibility of the conference organizers."[1][2][3][4]


Elsevier formerly published Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences in which authors were permitted to directly self-publish. The only requirements for publishing in this journal were to grant Elsevier exclusive publishing rights, to promise the paper would be peer reviewed at some point in the future and to promise the paper was their own original work and of course, pay the publishing fee.[5]

In 2018, Albania was hit with a scandal in which high ranking politicians had faked their academic credentials by publishing fraudulent articles in Procedia.[6][7]

In 2011, Iranian political prisoner and mystic, Mohammad Ali Taheri, was sentenced to a five year prison sentence. Among his charges were "interfering in medical science" and "illegitimate use of academic titles". Many of his claims of medical research were published in Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences.[8]

In 2017 it was discovered that a fake example reference listed on Elsevier's citation guide had been cited over 400 times in published articles. Over 90% of these citations occurred in Procedia journals.[9][10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Guide for Authors". Elsevier. 2019.
  2. ^ "Procedia Iutam". Elsevier. 2019.
  3. ^ "Procedia CIRP". Elsevier. 2019.
  4. ^ "Procedia Manufacturing". Elsevier. 2019.
  5. ^ "Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences". myhuiban. 2019.
  6. ^ Van Gerven Oei, Vincent W.J. (December 25, 2018). "Massive Plagiarism Scandal Hits Albanian Officials without Consequences". Exit.
  7. ^ Van Gerven Oei, Vincent W.J. (December 27, 2018). "Publishers Respond: Articles Plagiarised by Politicians Will Be Retracted". Exit.
  8. ^ "After Years in Solitary Confinement, Mohammad Ali Taheri Faces New Trial on Corruption on Earth Charges". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. 20 February 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  9. ^ "The "phantom reference:" How a made-up article got almost 400 citations". Retraction Watch. November 14, 2017.
  10. ^ Harzing, Anne-Wil; Kroonenberg, Pieter (October 26, 2017). "The mystery of the phantom reference".