Proclamation of the Republic (Brazil)

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The Proclamation of the Republic
Proclamação da República by Benedito Calixto 1893.jpg
Proclamation of the Republic, 1893, oil on canvas by Benedito Calixto (1853-1927)
Date November 15, 1889
Location Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Participants Deodoro da Fonseca
Quintino Bocaiuva
Benjamin Constant
Ruy Barbosa
Campos Sales
Floriano Peixoto
Outcome Fall of the Empire of Brazil, ban on the Imperial family and the creation of the provisional republican government

The Proclamation of the Republic was a significant event in the history of Brazil. It was a military coup d'état that occurred on November 15, 1889, which established the First Brazilian Republic, known as República Velha (Old Republic), overthrowing the constitutional monarchy of the Empire of Brazil and ending the reign of Emperor Pedro II.

The proclamation of the Republic took place in Rio de Janeiro, then capital of the Empire of Brazil, when a group of military officers of the Brazilian Army, led by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca, staged a coup d'état without the use of violence, deposing the Emperor of Brazil, Pedro II, and the President of the Council of Ministers of the Empire, the Viscount of Ouro Preto.

A provisional government was established that same day, November 15, with Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca as President of the Republic and head of the interim Government.

Coordinates: 22°54′24″S 43°11′19″W / 22.9067°S 43.1886°W / -22.9067; -43.1886