From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Blausen 0603 LargeIntestine Anatomy.png
Classification and external resources

Proctocolitis is a general term for inflammation of the rectum and colon.[1]


Proctocolitis has many possible causes. Common infectious causes of proctocolitis include Chlamydia trachomatis, LGV (Lymphogranuloma venereum), Neisseria gonorrhoeae, HSV, and Helicobacter species. It can also be idiopathic (see colitis), vascular (as in ischemic colitis), or autoimmune (as in inflammatory bowel disease).


Anoscopy can be used to diagnose the majority of cases of proctocolitis.[2]

Treatment for infectious proctocolitis[edit]

Antibiotics, such as ceftriaxone and doxycycline.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Online Medical dictionary
  2. ^ "Proctitis, Proctocolitis, and Enteritis - 2015 STD Treatment Guidelines". Retrieved 2017-10-08.