Proddatur

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Proddatur
Proddatur is located in Andhra Pradesh
Proddatur
Proddatur
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 14°44′N 78°33′E / 14.73°N 78.55°E / 14.73; 78.55Coordinates: 14°44′N 78°33′E / 14.73°N 78.55°E / 14.73; 78.55
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
RegionRayalaseema
DistrictKadapa
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyProddatur Municipality
Area
 • City21.06 km2 (8.13 sq mi)
Elevation158 m (518 ft)
Population
(2011)[4]
 • City217,895
 • Density10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
275,000
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
516360, 516361, 516362 [5]
Telephone code08564[6]
Vehicle registrationAP-04 and AP-24
Literacy78.08%
Websiteeproddatur.com

Proddatur is a city in Kadapa district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[7] It is located on the banks of Penna River. The city is a municipality and also the mandal headquarters of Proddatur mandal.[8] It is the smallest municipal body by area, but urban agglomeration occupies 14th position in the state in terms of population.

Geography

Proddatur is on the banks of river Penna.

Demographics

As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 162,816. Proddatur is one of the most densely populated municipality in Andhrapradesh. The total population constitute, 81,368 males and 81,448 females; a sex ratio of 1001 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[4][9] 15,516 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 7,999 are boys and 7,517 are girls; a ratio of 940 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 78.08% (male 86.02%; female 70.20%) with 115,011 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[4][10]

The Urban agglomeration had a population of 217,895, of which males constitute 108,986, females represent 108,900; a sex ratio of 999 females per 1000 men and 21,616 are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 147,156 literates with an average literacy rate of 74.97%.[11]

History

Before Ramayana the name of Proddatur was Bradhana puri (place of prayers). It was mostly priests who wished to live on the bank of the river Penna.

When Lord Rama was on his way back to Ayodhya from Lanka after defeating Ravanasura (ravana samharam) he and his troops reached Bradhana puri at sunset; named PRODDU in Telugu, the local language.

Lord Rama convinced sitha to stay the night at the river bank of Penna in Bradhana puri.

Priests of Bradhana puri changed the name of Bradhana puri to Proddatur by way of paying tribute to Lord Rama.

Governance

Proddatur municipality was formed in 1915. It was upgraded as a Special Grade Municipality in 1998. The jurisdiction of the municipality is spread over an area of 7.125 km2 (2.751 sq mi).[12]

The city is one of the 31 cities in the state to be a part of water supply and sewerage services mission known as Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).[13] As per National Urban Sanitation Policy, the city was ranked 327th in the country in 2009–10, with a total of 27.450 points.[14]

Economy

Its economy is mainly driven by gold and cotton businesses, book manufacturing and financing. It is sometimes called second Bombay.[15]

Transport

Proddatur Railway Station Sign Board

Education

The primary and secondary education consists of government funded, aided, and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[17][18] Instruction in provided in either English or Telugu.

  • Sri Ramana Maharshi High School
  • St. Joseph's Convent E. M. High School
  • Govt. Polytechnic College
  • Vaagdevi Institute of Technology and Science,[19]
  • Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology,[20]
  • Vignana Bharathi Institute of Technology,[21]
  • Gouthami Institute of Technology and Management for Women.[22]
  • SCNR Government College
  • Sri Venkateswara Veterinary College
  • YSR Engineering College of YVU

Notable places

  • Sri Vasavi Kanyaka Parameshwari Aalayam (Ammavarisala) - built and maintained by the Arya Vaishya community of Proddatur. Best Known for celebrations of Dusshera festival.
  • Mukthi Rameshwaram[23] - Shivalayam built around the main deity Shivalingam idol. As per chronicles, main deity's Prana Pratishtha was done by Lord Rama and Devi Sita on the left bank of river Pinakini (Penna) during their return journey from Lanka.
  • Ayyappa Swamy Temple - Biggest Ayyappa temple in Kadapa district. Well known for the Ayyappa Mala wearing ceremony of devotees for initiating Sabarimala yatra and also well known for three-story high idol of Lord Shiva erected by the temple authorities.
  • Rajeev Gandhi National Park - an ecological park developed by Government of Andhra Pradesh for increasing green cover over Proddatur. It also has a 1.5 km jogging track.
  • Sri Rajeshwari Multiplex is near a new bus stand having three halls with good maintenance along with 50 shops also providing fun and entertainment in a shopping play zone.
  • SS Mall - a new construction behind Vivekanandha Cloth Market near old bus stand with five cinema halls.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Basic Information of Municipality". Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Elevation for Proddatur". Veloroutes. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts".
  5. ^ "IndiaPost – Pincode Search – Proddatur". New Delhi, India: India Post. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
  6. ^ "STD Codes (Andhra Pradesh)". Sarkaritel. 2005. Archived from the original on 2009-09-17. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
  7. ^ "Mandal wise villages" (PDF). Revenue Department – AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Part-III State Administrative Divisions 2001–2011" (PDF). Census of India. p. 258. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook – YSR" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  12. ^ "Proddatur Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  13. ^ Vadlapatla, Sribala (11 August 2015). "Amaravati among 31 AP cities selected for Amruth development". The Times of India. Hyderabad. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  14. ^ "Rank of Cities on Sanitation 2009–2010: National Urban Sanitation Policy" (PDF). Press Information Bureau. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  15. ^ "Proddatur Info". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  16. ^ "Nandyal-Yerranguntla rail line commissioned". The Hindu. 24 August 2016. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  17. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  18. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  19. ^ "Vaagdevi Institute of Technology and Science". Vaagdevi Institute of Technology and Science. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  20. ^ "CBIT". Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  21. ^ "VBIT". Vignana Bharathi Institute of Technology. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  22. ^ "GITAMW". Gouthami Institute of Technology & Management for women. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  23. ^ "Mukthi Rameshwaram Proddatur, Rama Lingeswara Sawmy". Temples Information Center - Tirumala Tirupati Srikalahasti. 2015-12-04. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
  24. ^ [https://www.thehindu.com/entertainment/movies/mahesh-vitta-a-career-in-progress/article23801857.ece/amp/ Mahesh Vitta, A Career In Progress - The Hindu