Production of Avengers: Infinity War and the untitled Avengers sequel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Avengers: Infinity War and untitled Avengers
Avengers 3 and 4 logos.jpg
Logo for Avengers: Infinity War (top) and original logo for the untitled sequel (bottom)
Directed by Anthony Russo
Joe Russo
Produced by Kevin Feige
Screenplay by Christopher Markus
Stephen McFeely
Based on
Music by Alan Silvestri
Cinematography Trent Opaloch
Edited by
Production
company
Distributed by Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
Release date
Country United States
Language English
Budget
  • Avengers: Infinity War
  • $316–400 million

Avengers: Infinity War and its upcoming untitled sequel are American superhero films based on the Marvel Comics superhero team the Avengers, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. They are the sequels to Marvel's The Avengers (2012) and Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), and serve as the nineteenth and twenty-second films of the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU), respectively. Both films are directed by Anthony and Joe Russo from screenplays by the writing team of Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely, and feature an ensemble cast composed of many previous MCU actors.

Development of the films began in Marvel Studios' early films by introducing the Infinity Stones and the Infinity Gauntlet. Casting began in mid-2013 with Robert Downey, Jr. signing on to reprise his role as Tony Stark / Iron Man, with the films officially announced a year later as Avengers: Infinity War – Part 1 and Avengers: Infinity War – Part 2. The Russo brothers and Markus and McFeely joined the project in early 2015. In July 2016, Marvel revealed that the Part 1 and Part 2 of the titles would be removed, with the former first part known simply as Avengers: Infinity War and the former second part to be renamed at a later time.

Both films were shot back-to-back at Pinewood Atlanta Studios in Fayette County, Georgia. Production of Infinity War began on January 23, and concluded on July 14, 2017, with additional filming in Scotland, England, the Downtown Atlanta area, and New York City. Filming of the untitled sequel began on August 10, 2017 and concluded on January 11, 2018, with additional filming in the Downtown and Metro Atlanta areas. They are the first Hollywood films to be shot entirely in digital IMAX, using a new camera developed alongside Arri. Industrial Light & Magic, Framestore, Method Studios, Weta Digital, Double Negative, Cinesite, Digital Domain, Rise, Lola VFX, and Perception were some of the visual effects companies to work on the films.

Avengers: Infinity War was released on April 27, 2018, and the untitled sequel is scheduled to be released on May 3, 2019.

Development[edit]

Co-director, Joe Russo at the 2018 San Diego Comic-Con

Since their early films, Marvel Studios had been planting the seeds for an Avengers film that adapted Jim Starlin's 1991 Infinity Gauntlet comic arc,[2] by introducing the powerful Infinity Stones as MacGuffins: the Space Stone as the Tesseract in Captain America: The First Avenger; the Mind Stone inside Loki's Scepter in Marvel's The Avengers; the Reality Stone as the Aether in Thor: The Dark World; the Power Stone within the Orb in Guardians of the Galaxy; and the Time Stone within the Eye of Agamotto in Doctor Strange.[3] Additionally, the Infinity Gauntlet, a glove designed to house the stones, was introduced in Thor.[4] A different Infinity Gauntlet is briefly seen in Avengers: Age of Ultron, in the possession of the villain Thanos, who covets the stones in the comics.[5] The first gauntlet was subsequently revealed to be a fake in Thor: Ragnarok.[4] Many fans expected Thanos to be the antagonist of the second Avengers film after making a brief appearance at the end of the first,[6] but Joss Whedon, the writer and director of the first two Avengers films, explained that "Thanos is more powerful. He is so powerful, he is not someone you can just try to out punch. Like in the comics, you want him to be threading through the universe and to save the big finale for the big finale."[7] While all non-Avengers films in the MCU were considered set-up for this storyline, laying "much of the groundwork", producer and president of Marvel Studios Kevin Feige said that Black Panther in particular would be "a very important" link to the Avengers sequels in Phase Three of the MCU,[8][9] as was Thor: Ragnarok.[10]

In July 2014, Feige stated that there were "some notions" to where Marvel would want to take a third Avengers film and that the studio was aiming for three years between Avengers: Age of Ultron in 2015 and a sequel.[11] In October 2014, Marvel announced a two-part sequel to Age of Ultron, titled Avengers: Infinity War. Part 1 was scheduled to be released on May 4, 2018, and Part 2 was scheduled for May 3, 2019,[12][13] with the two films filming back-to-back.[14] In January 2015, Whedon stated that it was "very doubtful" that he would be involved with the two Infinity War films.[15] By April, Anthony and Joe Russo had reached a deal to direct both parts of Avengers: Infinity War, after directing Captain America: The Winter Soldier and Captain America: Civil War.[16][17] Whedon cited the series' increasing scale as to why he chose not to return, explaining, "Every movie I have ever made has been an ensemble piece of increasingly enormous proportions... That many balls in the air, it's only going to get bigger with Infinity War. I'm not going to be able to give it what I would need to."[18] At the end of the month, Chris Evans, who portrays Captain America in the MCU, revealed that filming was now scheduled to begin in late 2016 over nine months, lasting until August or September 2017,[19][17] after previously being scheduled to begin in late 2015.[14] By May 2015, Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely had signed on to also return from the Captain America films, writing the screenplays for both parts of the film.[20] Anthony Russo described the two Avengers sequels as "the culmination of everything that has happened in the MCU" since Iron Man was released in 2008, bringing "an end to certain things, and in some ways... the beginning of certain things".[21]

Writing[edit]

Markus and McFeely began work on the scripts during the filming of Civil War when they would "go to the office, read comic books, write down ideas, put everything on the wall and just go 'These are all the characters we could have.'" Markus added, "We sent in literally 60 pages of unrelated ideas. Just like 'Here's some stuff that could happen in this insane movie.' Then we came back from Atlanta and everyone had a copy of that [document] and they'd circle this, 'This is cool, this is insane, this is cool, we're not allowed to do that,' and from there [we] pieced it together very slowly."[8] In January 2016, the duo had begun work on the screenplay for the first film,[22] and by July, they were working on the third draft of Infinity War and the second for its sequel, with Markus stating, much like how they were planned to be filmed, "On any given day, you're only working on one but that doesn't mean that next week, you aren't working on the other one."[23] By October, Thor: Ragnarok screenwriter Erik Pearson was flown from Ragnarok's set in Australia to Atlanta to assist Markus and McFeely, who were "just so crammed for time". Pearson felt the pair were comfortable allowing him to work on one film while they focused on the other given his previous Marvel work, including alongside them on the television series Agent Carter.[24]

The Russos and Markus and McFeely worked with all of the directors and writers of the other Phase Three films to keep continuity, talking "on an almost weekly basis".[8] Doctor Strange director Scott Derrickson was "kept in the loop" on how the Avengers films use Strange through his close relationships with Feige and Joe Russo. Derrickson discussed the plot of both Avengers films with Joe, and gave notes on them, saying, "this is why this is great, this is so the way to do this... [and] no, this is why that'll never work..."[25] James Gunn, director and writer of the Guardians films and executive producer on these Avengers films, stated that he worked with the Russos, Marvel and Feige "to make sure that any of the characters I'm involved with that are in [Infinity War] are well taken care of and are as funny as they should be and as honest and truthful as they should be".[26][27] Gunn "came up with at least one hysterical riff" for the Guardians, according to Markus, and also chose "The Rubberband Man" by The Spinners as their opening song.[28][29] Gunn provided insight to a choice made by Markus and McFeely for Star-Lord that Gunn and Pratt felt the character would not make and did not alter the overall story. McFeely felt that "was a good example of how that kind of caretaking was a bonus to us". Some of the biggest rewrites to the script involved Thor, since Markus and McFeely originally intended him to be the "straight man" to the Guardians. His scenes had to be "revamped" after Hemsworth explained the funnier direction the character went in Thor: Ragnarok. That film's director Taika Waititi was brought in to consult with Markus and McFeely on the new tone of Thor's character,[28] while Pearson's involvement aided in keeping this continuity.[24]

After announcing the films, Feige said there was a possibility that characters from Marvel Television's MCU series could appear in the team up,[30][31] and actors such as Krysten Ritter, who plays Jessica Jones in the Netflix series of the same name, expressed interest in this.[32] Anthony Russo stated that this would be "complicated" due to the television series' serial nature of storytelling and the fact that Marvel Studios and Marvel Television have separate oversight.[33] The brothers later said that "the briefest consideration" to including television characters was made, but it was "practically impossible".[34][35] Joe added, "Our job is to focus on the Marvel film world and offer a satisfying climax."[35]

Joe felt the audience would not be disappointed in the number of characters in the films,[36] saying that "like 67 characters" who were previously introduced in the MCU had been place out on a board for consideration.[37][38] Characters were ultimately chosen based on the personal preferences of the creative team, as long as the "choices feel organic to the storytelling, and really, you have to sort of structure them in the way that they need to be there",[21] and included some characters Joe considered to be unexpected choices such as some who made smaller appearances previously in the MCU and "are really getting fleshed out" now.[39] Because of the number of characters, McFeely called writing Civil War "a walk in the park". He noted that characters who had not yet been cast were also in the scripts.[40] Joe Russo explained that they intended to focus on a "handful" of characters and build the story around their emotional arcs, with many of the other characters having ancillary roles.[41] He also said that the number of characters in Civil War prepared the brothers to "deal with probably triple the amount of characters in Infinity War", and that that the characters given main focus would shift between the two films.[8][1] Gunn said the Guardians of the Galaxy's roles in the films would not be the biggest part of the film, but would be integral due to their connection to Thanos.[42] The Russos wanted "a strong through line" from The Winter Soldier to Civil War and into the two films, saying, "We look at [Civil War] as setting the stage for Infinity War, how it starts and what condition everybody's in."[40] He described the concept of the films as "the Marvel universe [uniting] to battle the greatest threat to the world and universe that you've ever seen", with the brothers wanting to approach the cosmic elements of Infinity War with the same "fervor" that they gave to the more grounded films Winter Soldier and Civil War. Though they were unable to depict the films with naturalism given their science fiction content, they did want their films to have a psychological realism.[36] Anthony added that Infinity War would deal with the "themes of fate and destiny and the essence of what it means to be a hero".[43] Feige said the films would explore whether the visions the Avengers had in Age of Ultron were predictions of the future or just projections of their fears.[44] Anthony described the tone of the films as unique, given how they were melding the tones of all the individual MCU franchises,[1] and it was important for the brothers that both films were tonally different from each other as well, with different storylines and structures.[45]

If you had stopped it before he snapped his fingers, or with four stones, that really is just a pause button. That really is just going, 'What's he going to do?' 'Will your hero stop dangling from the cliff?' And we wanted to put a much more definitive 'Yes, this happens. Deal with it,' tone at the end of it, rather than jerk you around.

—Co-screenwriter Christopher Markus on ending Infinity War with Thanos wiping out half the universe[46]

Infinity War is set approximately two years after the events of Civil War, as the Russos always set "everything based on when the last movie came out".[1] In addition to Starlin's "Infinity Gauntlet", Markus and McFeely drew inspiration from Jonathan Hickman's "Infinity" comic (2013).[47] Infinity War was crafted like a 1990s heist film,[48] with the brothers looking at many films "that had that heist-style energy to them", as Infinity War "has that energy of the bad guy being one step ahead of the heroes",[39] with Thanos "on a smash-and-grab" to acquire all of the Infinity Stones.[48] The films 2 Days in the Valley and Out of Sight served as inspiration for the brothers.[1]

To handle the number of characters in the films, many are split into various smaller groups early on in Infinity War, which Anthony compared to "Nashville for super heroes. It's storytelling that is vignetted storytelling. It's to composite all of them under one story—everybody."[28][49] The grouping included: Iron Man, Doctor Strange, Star-Lord, Spider-Man, and initially Bruce Banner and Wong;[28][50] Thor and the Guardians of the Galaxy, which ultimately split further to just Thor, Rocket, and Groot; Scarlet Witch and Vision; Thanos and Gamora; and Captain America, Black Widow, Falcon, Winter Soldier, Banner, and Black Panther.[28] Markus said that many discussions on character pairings were about whether to pursue and further develop pre-existing relationships or to introduce new ones, with him felling that new pairings had the emotional level of a first date while characters that have been together before and are now in a much more dire situation and they are together again, you can really get down into the meat of their relationship."[51]

Actor Robert Downey, Jr. said in Iron Man's grouping there was a desire "to keep a little bit of the Science Bros [Stark/Banner relationship] alive" despite Banner having his own journey, and to expand on the positive Stark/Parker relationship.[50] McFeely explained that the pairing of Strange and Stark came together because of the similarities between the characters being "guys with a vision but also an ego". To differentiate between the two, Markus and McFeely contrasted Stark's established story arc and drive to confront Thanos with Strange's more reluctant stance. Eventually adding Star-Lord provided "color" since Star-Lord also "thinks he's the smartest guy in the room ... only he isn't".[28] A Sherlock Holmes joke was avoided when Strange first meets Stark, as the Russos felt it was "a very obvious joke" to do and "a meta joke that requires you to be a fan of other movies"; Downey portrayed Holmes in the films Sherlock Holmes (2009) and Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows (2011), while Cumberbatch portrays the character in the television series Sherlock.[52]

Thor's teaming with Rocket and Groot made "a delightful group" according to McFeely. Markus added that Rocket was considered for many other pairs, but ultimately landed with Thor because he "is so powerful that it's fun to stick Rocket next to him. Rocket does not seem to have much he could help Thor with, but it brings out new things in Rocket that you wouldn't have expected." Captain America's group continues from the events of Civil War, showing he, Black Widow, and Falcon have been on the run, in part by their different appearances (Rogers with a beard and Romanoff with blond hair). The writers also did not dwell on the romance between Romanoff and Banner, as established in Age of Ultron, beyond including a "loaded look between the two", because "it didn't serve the Thanos plotline ... There were a lot of situations we wanted to follow up, but nobody in real life would be addressing those things with Thanos coming." The relationship between Scarlet Witch and Vision was implied to have "been building and flourishing" since the events of Civil War.[28]

Markus also talked about how he and McFeely were handling Thanos, a character that the audience knows is the threat of the films, yet until these films, had little scenes and screen time to divulge his history and motivations. He said, "We don't get an element of surprise [with his introduction]... You can count on a lot of scenes where we illuminate a lot about him very early [in the first film]",[53] with McFeely adding, "It is incumbent upon us to give him a real story, real stakes, real personality, and a real point of view."[54] The writers avoided the comic book storyline where Thanos tries to woo the female manifestation of Death, and instead paired him at times with Gamora, since "they had a lot of history we wanted to explore" and would add layers to Thanos that would avoid him becoming "the big mustache-twisting bad guy who wants ultimate power just to take over the world and sit on a throne".[28] Avoiding the Death storyline moved away from the tease Whedon used in The Avengers with the character, where Thanos felt that by challenging the Avengers, he was courting death. Though the tease was purposely ambiguous, Whedon felt when he featured Thanos he did not know what to do with him and "kind of hung [Thanos] out to dry". Whedon added that "I love Thanos. I love his apocalyptic vision, his love affair with death. I love his power. But, I don’t really understand it." Whedon enjoyed the approach the writers and Russos took in Infinity War, giving Thanos "an actual perspective and [making] him feel righteous to himself", since the Death storyline was "not a concept that will necessarily translate".[55]

Unlike Infinity War, the second film features mainly an original story that does not draw inspiration from any existing comics. Joe Russo explained, "I think we're in pretty fresh territory with Avengers 4. If anything, I think it's interesting after to go back and look at some of the Marvel films and view them through a different lens. But I can't think of any comics in particular that would have value" to give a basis for the film's story.[56] Joe Russo also described the second film as "more of an epic adventure in the classic sense, with huge emotional stakes".[57] Hope van Dyne / Wasp and Carol Danvers / Captain Marvel both only appear in the sequel, in order to preserves their debuts in Ant-Man and the Wasp and Captain Marvel, respectively, which were released between Infinity War and its sequel.[58][59] Other characters, such as Hawkeye and Ant-Man, were excluded in Infinity War for "a very specific story choice". Joe Russo said "we have a really interesting story cooked up for both of those characters, and part of that story required that they be under house arrest [in Infinity War]."[60] The Russos also revealed that, despite not appearing in Infinity War, the events of the film killed Betty Ross and Sif, previously portrayed in the MCU by Liv Tyler and Jaimie Alexander, respectively.[61]

Pre-production[edit]

I think we started to hint at it at the end of Age of Ultron, that the team will be evolving. And one of the things we love in the comics is that the roster is always changing. That new people are coming on to the team... But the ideas and the ideals and things that make the Avengers the Avengers, still exist, and I think that's part of what this culmination will be ... It's not the end of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, but I think it is the end of part of it.

—Former executive producer Jeremy Latcham on how the films act as a culmination of all the preceding films of the MCU.[44]

In January 2016, the Russos stated that they were "breaking ground" on the films,[37] and in the middle of the month, revealed that filming would take place in Atlanta, Georgia, beginning in November 2016 and lasting until June 2017.[22] In April, Jon Favreau confirmed he would once again serve as executive producer on the films, having done so on the previous Avengers films after directing the first two Iron Man films.[62]

Speaking to the titles of the films, Feige said that "because they [have] such shared elements, it felt appropriate... to [subtitle the films] like that. But I wouldn't call it one story that's cut in half. I would say it's going to be two distinct movies."[63] Anthony Russo reiterated that the two Infinity War films were "very very different from one another. It's not a part one and part two scenario, necessarily. They're just two different expressions. I think it creates a misconception that we're shooting them at the same time."[8] As such, in early May 2016, the Russos revealed that they would retitle the two films, to further remove the misconception that the films were one large film split in two, with Joe stating, "The intention is we will change [the titles], we just haven't come up with [them] yet."[64] By late July, Marvel announced that Part 1 would simply be known as Avengers: Infinity War, while Part 2 was referred to as Untitled Avengers film until a title was chosen.[65] Anthony Russo stated that the title of the second film would not be revealed "for quite some time",[66] with Feige and the Russo brothers indicating the title was being withheld as it would give away plot details for Infinity War and the sequel.[67][57]

In June 2016, composer Alan Silvestri was revealed to be returning from The Avengers to score both films.[68] In October, Feige announced that filming would begin in January 2017.[69] Theoretical physicist Clifford Johnson consulted on the films, having previously done so on the second season of Agent Carter and Thor: Ragnarok.[70] Production designer Charles Wood also noted the films would be introducing "many, many, many new worlds" outside of Earth and others previously established in prior films.[71] Jeremy Renner, Elizabeth Olsen, and Dave Bautista noted that the actors appearing in the films had not received scripts before the start of shooting, with Bautista specifically stating on January 22, 2017, that he had not received a script, despite beginning his filming on January 23.[72][73]

Casting[edit]

Josh Brolin promoting the films by posing with the Infinity Gauntlet prop at the 2014 San Diego Comic-Con

In June 2013, Robert Downey, Jr. signed on to return as Tony Stark / Iron Man for a third Avengers film,[74] and Josh Brolin signed a multi-film deal the following May, to play Thanos.[75] In July 2014, Feige stated that actors from previous MCU films were under contract to return to for a third Avengers film,[11] with Renner stating that September he was signed on to reprise the role of Clint Barton / Hawkeye.[76]

After the announcement of Infinity War and its sequel, many established MCU actors were confirmed to be joining Downey and Brolin, including previous members of the Avengers Chris Hemsworth as Thor, Mark Ruffalo as Bruce Banner / Hulk, Chris Evans as Steve Rogers / Captain America, Scarlett Johansson as Natasha Romanoff / Black Widow, Don Cheadle as James "Rhodey" Rhodes / War Machine, Paul Bettany as Vision, Elizabeth Olsen as Wanda Maximoff / Scarlet Witch, and Anthony Mackie as Sam Wilson / Falcon.[77] Infinity War also sees the Avengers unite with the Guardians of the Galaxy, including Chris Pratt as Peter Quill / Star-Lord,[77] Pom Klementieff as Mantis,[78] Karen Gillan as Nebula,[79] Dave Bautista as Drax the Destroyer, Zoe Saldana as Gamora, Vin Diesel as the voice of Groot,[77] and Bradley Cooper as the voice of Rocket.[77] Sean Gunn served as the on-set stand-in actor for Rocket on both films.[80][81][82]

Additional actors reprising their roles in Infinity War from the various MCU franchises include Benedict Cumberbatch as Stephen Strange from Doctor Strange, with Benedict Wong as Wong;[83] Tom Holland as Peter Parker / Spider-Man from Spider-Man: Homecoming, with Jacob Batalon as Ned,[84] Isabella Amara as Sally,[85] Tiffany Espensen as Cindy,[86] and Ethan Dizon as Tiny;[87] and Chadwick Boseman as T'Challa / Black Panther from Black Panther,[77] with Danai Gurira as Okoye, Letitia Wright as Shuri,[77] Winston Duke as M'Baku, and Florence Kasumba as Ayo.[88] Sebastian Stan also appears as Bucky Barnes / Winter Soldier from the Captain America films,[89] along with Tom Hiddleston as Loki and Idris Elba as Heimdall from the Thor and Avengers films;[77][90] Iron Man supporting actress Gwyneth Paltrow as Pepper Potts;[91] Benicio del Toro as Taneleer Tivan / The Collector from Guardians of the Galaxy;[92] William Hurt as Thaddeus Ross, who first appeared in The Incredible Hulk;[93] and Kerry Condon as the voice of Iron Man's A.I. assistant F.R.I.D.A.Y.[94] Samuel L. Jackson and Cobie Smulders make uncredited cameos in the post-credits scene as Nick Fury and Maria Hill, who they respectively portrayed in several previous films.[95] Jon Favreau was to reprise his role as Harold "Happy" Hogan, while co-director Joe Russo had a cameo appearance as a paparazzi photographer, but this scene did not make the theatrical cut of the film.[96]

In early January 2017, Peter Dinklage was in negotiations to appear in the films,[97] and was eventually cast in the role of Eitri.[98] At D23 Expo 2017, Marvel announced the inclusion of the "Children of Thanos", Thanos' henchmen in the film. Known collectively in the comics as the Black Order,[99][100] the actors playing the characters were soon revealed to be Tom Vaughan-Lawlor as Ebony Maw,[101][102] Terry Notary as Cull Obsidian, Carrie Coon as Proxima Midnight,[103] and Michael James Shaw as Corvus Glaive.[104] Joe Russo explained that the Black Order was included in the film so that there were characters that the heroes "have to go through to get to" Thanos rather than have them challenge him "every step of the way". He added that Supergiant, a member of the comics version of the Black Order, was not included because "consolidation seemed like a smart thing ... they were starting to overlap each other". The Black Order in the film have altered powers which the Russos "felt were in better service of our storytelling".[105] Ross Marquand appears as Red Skull, the "Stonekeeper" guarding the Soul Stone. Marquand replaces Hugo Weaving, who had expressed reluctance to reprise the character from Captain America: The First Avenger.[98][106] Marquand, who is known for his celebrity impressions, said that Marvel was looking to "come as close to the iconic role that Hugo Weaving portrayed seven years ago and pay homage to it while also giving it a new flavor", and after Marquand attempted to "do a straight voice match to Hugo's performance", the Russo noted that the character would "sound a little different" from the last time he was seen, recommending Marquand add "this kind of ethereal almost ghost-like quality to his voice". Taking this direction, it took Marquand around 10 days to perfect the voice, which he felt melded Weaving's "iconic performance in The Matrix with the German accent he" used for the Red Skull.[107]

Actors expected to return for the sequel include: Downey,[108] Hemsworth,[109] Ruffalo,[110] Evans,[109] Johansson,[111] Cumberbatch,[112] Cheadle,[113] Holland,[114] Boseman,[115] Bettany,[116] Olsen,[117] Mackie,[118] Stan,[119] Hiddleston,[120] Wong,[121] Klementieff,[122] Gillan,[79] Bautista,[123] Saldana,[124] Cooper,[125] Paltrow,[126] Brolin,[127] Pratt,[117] and Wright.[115] They will be joined by Jeremy Renner as Clint Barton / Hawkeye,[128] Evangeline Lilly as Hope van Dyne / Wasp,[58] Favreau as "Happy" Hogan,[129] Paul Rudd as Scott Lang / Ant-Man,[130] Brie Larson as Carol Danvers / Captain Marvel,[131] Michelle Pfeiffer as Janet van Dyne, Jeff Goldblum as Grandmaster, and Michael Douglas as Hank Pym.[132][133][134] Stellan Skarsgård, who portrays Erik Selvig in the MCU, said he believed he would appear in one of the films as he had one more film left on his contract, and would not be appearing in Thor: Ragnarok.[135] By October 2017, Hiroyuki Sanada had been cast in an undisclosed role for the sequel.[136]

The Russos hoped to have another actor from their TV series Community make a cameo appearance, after Danny Pudi and Jim Rash appeared in The Winter Soldier and Civil War, respectively.[137] David Cross was invited to make a cameo appearance as Tobias Fünke in Infinity War, his character from the sitcom Arrested Development, which the Russo brothers had previously worked on; this was prevented by a scheduling conflict, but Fünke still appears in the film as a specimen in the Collector's collection, played by an uncredited extra.[138] Avengers co-creator Stan Lee makes cameo appearances in both films.[98][139] Starlin indicated he was interested in making a cameo appearance in the films.[140]

Filming[edit]

Mary Lou title card on a JCB Loadall on the set of Avengers: Infinity War in Edinburgh in March 2017
Lighting rigs on the set of Avengers: Infinity War in Edinburgh in April 2017

Principal photography for Avengers: Infinity War began on January 23, 2017,[141] at Pinewood Atlanta Studios in Fayette County, Georgia,[69] under the working title Mary Lou,[142] with Trent Opaloch serving as director of photography.[22] Additional filming occurred in Scotland, including in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and the Scottish Highlands,[143] with studio work taking place at Wardpark Studios in Cumbernauld.[144][145] Filming in Scotland began on February 28, 2017.[143] From March 18 through April 21, 2017, filming occurred in Old Town, Edinburgh on and around the Royal Mile, including High Street, Parliament Square, Cockburn Street, and Roxburgh Close and Old Fishmarket Close,[146] as well as Waverley Station.[147] Filming also took place at Durham Cathedral in Durham, England in early May 2017,[148] and in St Abbs.[149] Additional filming also occurred at St Giles' Cathedral and Inverness Castle.[149] In late June 2017, filming occurred in Downtown Atlanta,[150] as well as Atlanta's Central Park in early July,[151] before moving to Queens, New York in the middle of the month.[152] For Infinity War's final scene, the filmmakers partnered with Indochina Productions, a studio based in Thailand, to acquire footage of the Banaue Rice Terraces at Ifugao, Philippines.[153] Since Infinity War and Black Panther were filming simultaneously in Atlanta, both production teams worked together closely to ensure a unified presentation of Black Panther's home nation of Wakanda in both films.[154]

In April 2017, Feige stated that the films would not be filmed simultaneously as originally planned but rather back-to-back, and indicated that filming for the Infinity War sequel would commence in August 2017. He explained, "We're doing them one right after another. It became too complicated to cross-board them like that, and we found ourselves—again, something would always pay the price. We wanted to be able to focus and shoot one movie and then focus and shoot another movie."[155] The films were originally scheduled to be shot concurrently, with the Russos suggesting that "some days we'll be shooting the first movie and some days we'll be shooting the second movie. Just jumping back and forth."[22] Anthony Russo originally felt it made more sense to shoot the films simultaneously, due to financial and logistical reasons, considering the large number of cast members, even though each part is its own distinct film.[156] Dan T. Cathy, co-owner of Pinewood Atlanta, noted the films were "the largest film production ever with a [combined] $1 billion budget",[157] which Feige later stated was false;[158] the film had an estimated budget between $316–400 million,[159][160][161] still making it one of the most expensive films ever made.[162] Evans and Hemsworth both earned $15 million for both films.[163] In June 2017, Johansson commented on the amount of characters featured in the films, and felt the films would feature over 60, with at least 30 appearing together in one scene.[164] Filming of Infinity War concluded on July 14, 2017.[165]

Filming on the untitled sequel began on August 10, 2017,[166] also at Pinewood Atlanta Studios,[167] under the working title Mary Lou 2.[168] Also in August, additional filming occurred in The Gulch area of Downtown Atlanta, near the Five Points MARTA station, and in Piedmont Park.[169] Production on the untitled sequel wrapped on January 11, 2018.[170]

The Russo brothers announced that both films would be shot using IMAX/Arri 2D cameras, thus marking the first time that a Hollywood feature film was shot entirely with IMAX digital cameras. The footage was digitally processed by IMAX and released in a 1.90:1 aspect ratio exclusively in IMAX theaters.[171][172] Joe Russo said that because many of the characters are tall, the "IMAX aspect ratio works for those types of characters, and the landscapes are stunning. There are some really exotic landscapes in the film, and to be able to put those on an IMAX screen, it's an incredible tool to have as a filmmaker to be able to exploit that scale of aspect ratio."[1] Opaloch noted that the production would use 12 of the IMAX/Arri cameras, and that Arri was working on lenses with additional focal lengths for the camera. They hoped they would be available by the start of filming, since the production would "need all the accessories and lenses", as it was "such a behemoth of a project".[173]

Post-production[edit]

Joe Russo stated in July 2017 that there were a couple of unfinished scenes for Infinity War that would be shot "in the next few months".[174] The first trailer for the film revealed the inclusion of the alien species Outriders, from the storyline Infinity.[175] In early March, Disney moved the release of Infinity War in the United States to April 27, 2018, to have it release the same weekend as some of its international markets.[176][177] While Infinity War features one post-credits scene, as with previous MCU films, the Russos considered not including one. Anthony noted that part of the reason for considering this "was because we knew the ending was a complicated ending, a difficult ending, and we wanted that ending to be very definitive. We didn't want to complicate it with other ideas." He felt the tag used, which shows Nick Fury signaling for Captain Marvel before fading away, put "a small button [on the ending] but that's it".[178]

Post-production for the second film began in earnest after the release of Infinity War,[179] with Feige noting that the film would have a slightly longer time in post-production than some of their other films. Editing began a few weeks before the release of Ant-Man and the Wasp in July 2018.[180] Reshoots for the second film began by September 7, 2018.[181] Ruffalo indicated that beyond reshooting material, the additional photography would be used to finish the film, since it had not been fully completed earlier in the year.[110] The additional photography was completed on October 12, 2018.[182] Feige has indicated the title of the sequel would be revealed by the end of 2018.[183] Joe Russo indicated that they hoped to have the film completed by March 2019.[184]

Joe Russo felt the fourth Avengers film was his and his brother's "best work for Marvel", noting, "I think we’ve grown with every movie that we’ve made there. We’ve grown with the characters. We’ve grown with the cast. As filmmakers we’re very happy and very excited with the movie." He also added that because the majority of the film was made before Infinity War released and the audience was able to respond to it, the fourth Avengers film was "really pure... without any sort of external noise creeping in [to the story] at all."[179]

Visual effects[edit]

Test footage of Brolin using Digital Domain's proprietary Masquerade facial capture software[185]

Visual effects for Infinity War were created by Industrial Light & Magic,[186] Framestore,[187] Method Studios,[188] Weta Digital, Double Negative, Cinesite, Digital Domain, Rise, Lola VFX, and Perception.[189] Digital Domain worked on creating Thanos for the film, producing over 400 visual effects shots. The company created a new facial capture application called Masquerade, based on the concept of machine learning through computer algorithms, specifically for the film, beginning work on the system 3–4 months before filming began to develop and test it. They presented their results to Brolin, the Russos, and executives from Marvel ahead of filming to demonstrate the subtleties Brolin would be able to bring to the character, which helped inform Brolin how to portray the character.[185] Kelly Port, Digital Domain's VFX Supervisor, noted the design of Thanos took into account the versions that appeared in previous films, but were adjusted more toward's Brolin's features, which also helped with matching his performance to the digital character.[190] Weta Digital worked on the fight on Titan, where they also created a separate version of Thanos for their needs. Weta worked on 200 shots of him, along with their 250 other effects shots, that included the Titan environment and the other characters in the fight.[185]

Framestore created 253 shots for the film for the New York fight sequence in the first act of the film. Patric Roos, Framestore's VFX Supervisor, called their shots a "mix of full CG shots, plate shots, FX, set extensions, magic spells and a lot of character work". A portion of the fight sequence was shot in Atlanta, before moving to a fully CGI Washington Square Park. Framestore's Capture Lab spent a month in Manhattan and New Jersey shooting photo reference, LIDAR and gigapixel panoramas to capture the environments that had to be recreated digitally, capturing more than 250,000 photos and 15TB of data. For their work on the Black Order members, Framestore spent close to a year developing their models, working with Marvel Studios' visual development team to create animation vignettes to explore each member's personalities and character traits. Framestore also created Iron Man's new suit, the Mark 50, that is made up of singular nanobots which move around his body to form a suit, and was developed alongside Marvel for about two years, and Spider-Man's Iron Spider armor suit.[187] The models and textures for the Iron Spider suit were shared with fellow visual effects vendor Trixer in order for them to implement them in Spider-Man: Homecoming where it was first seen.[191] Framestore also worked on the Black Order's Q-Ship, and Doctor Strange's "Eldritch magic", which was updated from its first appearance in Doctor Strange.[187] Cinesite's work on the interior of the Q-Ship when Ebony Maw interrogates Strange consisted of 215 shots. The company also worked on the small fight between Iron Man, Spider-Man, Strange and the Guardians on the ship, which required full character animation, blaster and web effects, CGI daggers, Star-Lord's mask, Mantis' antennae, and damage to the Q-Ship.[192] The post-credit sequence, the opening scene in Central Park, the scene when Black Panther presents Bucky Barnes with his new arm, interior shots of the Quinjet, and an establishing shot of the planet Vormir were created by Rise, which totaled 26 shots. For the post-credit sequence, Oliver Schulz, Rise's VFX Supervisor, noted the company had done a similar fading effect for a previous commercial project, so those assets were used as a baseline. The company also received digital assets of Cobie Smulders and Samuel L. Jackson from The Winter Soldier for use in the scene. Schulz noted that part of the sequence's difficulty was because "at a later point in the process the decision was made to not move forward with the filmed plate of Nick Fury—instead we would do a camera takeover and switch to a full CG shot. This included a full CG arm crumbling away in close-up together with a full CG environment. Additionally were also the CG close-up pavement and the all CG pager—which reveals the illuminated Captain Marvel Logo at the end."[193]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Keene, Allison (March 15, 2018). "'Avengers: Infinity War:' The Russo Brothers on Action, Tone, and Movies That Influenced the MCU Sequel". Collider. Archived from the original on March 15, 2018. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  2. ^ Mithaiwala, Mansoor (November 11, 2017). "Kevin Feige Explains Thor 3 Infinity Gauntlet Retcon". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on March 30, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  3. ^ Breznican, Anthony (November 5, 2016). "Doctor Strange revelations: Secrets and Easter eggs from the new Marvel movie". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 5, 2016. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  4. ^ a b Adams, Tim (November 3, 2017). "How Thor: Ragnarok Solves That Problem With Thanos' Gauntlet". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on November 6, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  5. ^ Eisenberg, Eric (May 1, 2015). "The Big Secret Behind The Infinity Gauntlet, According To Marvel's Kevin Feige". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on May 1, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  6. ^ Nicholson, Matt (August 5, 2013). "Joss Whedon on Thanos in Avengers 2". IGN. Archived from the original on August 6, 2013. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  7. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Joss Whedon on R.D.J. and saving Thanos for "the Big Finale". Avengers 3? (Video Interview)". Desde Hollywood. April 29, 2013. Archived from the original on March 26, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d e Lussier, Germain (April 11, 2016). "Avengers: Infinity War Parts 1 and 2 Will Be Very Different Movies". io9. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  9. ^ Stack, Tim (March 9, 2017). "Thor: Ragnarok: Why does Thor have short hair? Where's his hammer? The plot revealed!". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 9, 2017. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  10. ^ a b Perry, Spencer (July 26, 2014). "Comic-Con Interview: Kevin Feige Talks The Future of the Marvel Cinematic Universe". Superhero Hype!. Archived from the original on July 27, 2014. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  11. ^ Siegel, Lucas (October 28, 2014). "Marvel Announces Black Panther, Captain Marvel, Inhumans, Avengers: Infinity War Films, Cap & Thor 3 Subtitles". Newsarama. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  12. ^ Strom, Marc (October 28, 2014). "Marvel's The Avengers Head into an Infinity War". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on October 29, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  13. ^ a b Bamigboye, Baz (November 27, 2014). "The return of the star Avengers—to Blighty". Daily Mail. Archived from the original on November 28, 2014. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  14. ^ Lussier, Germain (January 26, 2015). "Joss Whedon Talks 'Avengers: Infinity War' Plus New Stills From 'Age of Ultron'". /Film. Archived from the original on January 26, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
  15. ^ Strom, Marc (April 7, 2015). "Joe & Anthony Russo to Direct 2-Part Marvel's 'Avengers: Infinity War' Event". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on April 7, 2015. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
  16. ^ a b Kit, Borys; Siegemund-Broka, Austin (March 23, 2015). "Russo Brothers to Direct 'Avengers: Infinity War' Parts 1 and 2". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 23, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  17. ^ Breznican, Anthony (April 10, 2015). "Avengers: Age of Ultron: EW preview". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
  18. ^ Goldberg, Matt (April 27, 2015). "AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR to Start Shooting in Late 2016; Will Film for 9 Months". Collider. Archived from the original on April 27, 2015. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  19. ^ Strom, Mark (May 7, 2015). "Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely to Write Marvel's 2-Part 'Avengers: Infinity War' Event". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on May 8, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  20. ^ a b Dornbush, Jonathon (August 19, 2016). "Avengers: Infinity War And Sequel Will Mark A New Beginning For MCU". IGN. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  21. ^ a b c d Cabin, Chris (January 14, 2016). "'Captain America: Civil War' Directors on Landing Spider-Man, 'Infinity War' Shooting Schedule". Collider. Archived from the original on January 14, 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  22. ^ Giroux, Jack (August 1, 2016). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Update: Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely on How Far Along the Scripts Are". /Film. Archived from the original on August 3, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  23. ^ a b Couch, Aaron (November 5, 2017). "'Thor: Ragnarok' Writer on Its Bold Final Moments". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 6, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  24. ^ Deckelmeier, Joe (November 4, 2016). "Scott Derrickson Discusses Doctor Strange's Comic Book Influences". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  25. ^ Harp, Justin (December 21, 2016). "Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 director James Gunn reveals he's involved with Avengers: Infinity War". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on January 10, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  26. ^ Mueller, Matthew (February 5, 2017). "James Gunn on Making Guardians Work With Avengers: Infinity War". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h Buchanan, Kyle (April 30, 2018). "Avengers: Infinity War: How They Decided to Split Up the Characters". Vulture. Archived from the original on May 1, 2018. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  28. ^ Grebey, James (April 27, 2018). "What Song Were the Guardians of the Galaxy Listening To in 'Infinity War'". Inverse. Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  29. ^ Sciretta, Peter (October 28, 2014). "Watch: All Of Your Marvel Phase 3 Questions Answered By Marvel Head Kevin Feige". /Film. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
  30. ^ Butler, Tom (January 25, 2016). "Mark Ruffalo Promises Epic Arc For Hulk Across Thor 3 and Infinity War". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on January 28, 2016. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  31. ^ Davis, Brandon (February 23, 2016). "Krysten Ritter Says It Would Be Awesome For Jessica Jones To Join Avengers: Infinity War". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
  32. ^ Hall, Jacob (December 7, 2015). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Probably, Maybe, Most Likely Won't Feature Any of Netflix's Defenders". /Film. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  33. ^ Tapley, Kristopher (May 3, 2018). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Directors Hope to Tap Fox Properties Like X-Men". Variety. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  34. ^ a b Martinez, Phillip (March 21, 2018). "Don't Expect The Defenders To Show Up In 'Avengers: Infinity War'". Newsweek. Archived from the original on March 26, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  35. ^ a b Davis, Brandon (January 9, 2016). "Exclusive! Russo Brothers Say Avengers: Infinity War Concept Is That Marvel Universe Unites". ComicBook.com. Archived from the original on January 9, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  36. ^ a b Osborn, Alex (January 11, 2016). "Avengers: Infinity War Will Unite Marvel Universe". IGN. Archived from the original on January 11, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
  37. ^ Bradley, Bill (April 20, 2016). "No, 'Avengers: Infinity War' Probably Won't Feature 67 Characters". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  38. ^ a b Carson, Erin (November 1, 2017). "If Thor: Ragnarok is a Marvel comedy, Infinity War is a heist film". Cnet. Archived from the original on November 1, 2017. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
  39. ^ a b Wilding, Josh (February 22, 2016). "Captain America: Civil War—8 Major Reveals From The New Images: 8. It Sets The Stage For Avengers: Infinity War". What Culture. Archived from the original on February 23, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  40. ^ Cooley, Patrick (February 27, 2016). "'Captain America: Civil War' to be darker, more violent than previous entries, Russo brothers say". Cleveland Plain Dealer. Archived from the original on February 28, 2016. Retrieved February 28, 2016.
  41. ^ Tharpe, Frazier (March 15, 2017). "'Guardians of the Galaxy' Director James Gunn Teases The Guardians' 'Integral Part' In 'Infinity War'". Complex. Archived from the original on March 15, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  42. ^ Lang, Brent (July 19, 2017). "Marvel's Russo Brothers on Political Messages and if They'd Direct a 'Star Wars' Film". Variety. Archived from the original on July 19, 2017. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  43. ^ a b Gerding, Stephen (September 30, 2015). "Feige & Latcham Say "Infinity War" Leads to the End of the Avengers—As We Know Them". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  44. ^ Davis, Brandon (July 25, 2017). "Captain Marvel Is Not in Avengers: Infinity War". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on July 25, 2017. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
  45. ^ Couch, Aaron (April 30, 2018). "How 'Avengers: Infinity War' Writers Crafted Its Ambitious Ending". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 1, 2018. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  46. ^ Outlaw, Kofi (March 16, 2018). "Russo Brothers Reveal Marvel Comic Influences on 'Avengers: Infinity War'". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on April 14, 2018. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  47. ^ a b Breznican, Anthony (March 8, 2018). "Behind the scenes of Avengers: Infinity War as new heroes unite—and others will end—page 2". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  48. ^ Davis, Brandon (April 11, 2016). "Avengers: Infinity War To Be Multi-Perspective Film According To Russo Brothers". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  49. ^ a b Breznican, Anthony (March 8, 2018). "Behold Iron Man's new armor in Avengers: Infinity War—Robert Downey Jr. says he'll need it". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  50. ^ Couch, Aaron (April 27, 2018). "'Avengers' Writers Tweaked 'Infinity War' for James Gunn". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 1, 2018. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  51. ^ Parker, Ryan (August 1, 2018). "Russo Brothers Almost Included a Sherlock Joke in 'Avengers: Infinity War'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 14, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  52. ^ Sampson, Mike (April 12, 2016). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Writers Tease Thanos' Big Introduction". Screen Crush. Archived from the original on April 13, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  53. ^ McKittrick, Christopher (May 12, 2016). "'The biggest superhero brawl in blockbuster history.' Captain America: Civil War". Creative Screenwriting. Archived from the original on May 12, 2016. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  54. ^ Yehl, Joshua (July 21, 2018). "Joss Whedon Pleased With How Avengers: Infinity War Diverted From His Thanos Setup - Comic-Con 2018". IGN. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  55. ^ Davis, Brandon (May 7, 2018). "Russo Brothers Reveal Closest 'Avengers 4' Title Guess". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  56. ^ a b Sandwell, Ian (March 21, 2018). "Here's why we won't get Avengers 4's title until after Infinity War". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on March 21, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  57. ^ a b Avila, Mike (October 9, 2016). "Watch: Evangeline Lilly on introducing the Wasp, when she'll join The Avengers". Blastr. Archived from the original on October 9, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  58. ^ O'Connell, Sean (April 11, 2016). "When We'll See Captain Marvel on Screen for the First Time". Cinemablend. Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. Retrieved April 17, 2016.
  59. ^ Evans, Nick (May 7, 2018). "Why Hawkeye And Ant-Man Aren't In Infinity War, According To The Russo Brothers". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on May 10, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  60. ^ Bradley, Bill (May 12, 2018). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Directors Reveal Who Died And Survived Off Screen". HuffPost. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  61. ^ Russell, Scarlett (April 18, 2016). "The Jungle Book director Jon Favreau IS going back to Marvel". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on April 18, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  62. ^ Zalben, Alex; Horowitz, Josh (April 12, 2015). "Marvel's Movie Future: Here's Everything You Need To Know Through… Phase 4?". MTV. Archived from the original on April 13, 2015. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  63. ^ Ryan, Mike (May 4, 2016). "Russo Brothers Confirm: 'Avengers: Infinity War 1 And 2' Will Be Retitled". Uproxx. Archived from the original on May 4, 2016. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  64. ^ Donnelly, Matt (July 29, 2016). "Marvel Surprise: 'Avengers: Infinity War' Won't Be Split Into 2 Movies". The Wrap. Archived from the original on August 1, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
  65. ^ Eisenberg, Eric (August 19, 2016). "Why Avengers 4 Isn't Going To Be Called Infinity War Part 2 Anymore". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
  66. ^ Eisenberg, Eric (April 23, 2017). "Why Avengers 4 Doesn't Have A Title Yet, According To Kevin Feige". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on April 24, 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  67. ^ Burlingame, Russ (June 6, 2016). "Avengers Composer Alan Silvestri To Return For Infinity War". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on June 7, 2016. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
  68. ^ a b Lesnick, Silas (October 11, 2016). "Doctor Strange IMAX Preview Teases a Marvel Cinematic Multiverse". ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
  69. ^ Wolfe, April (May 17, 2017). "Marvel Science: Meet the Physicist Called in to Consult on Superhero Movies". Houston Press. Archived from the original on May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  70. ^ Siegel, Lucas (January 17, 2017). "Exclusive: Avengers: Infinity War Production Designer Teases Many, Many New Worlds". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on January 17, 2017. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
  71. ^ @Variety (January 22, 2017). "'Avengers: Infinity War' production begins Monday but @Renner4Real [Jeremy Renner] and Elizabeth Olsen don't have a script yet" (Tweet). Archived from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017 – via Twitter.
  72. ^ Bautista, Dave [@DaveBautista] (January 22, 2017). "Welp!!! That makes 3 of us! And I start filming tomorrow! 😱 #MarvelShroudofSecrecy 😖" (Tweet). Archived from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017 – via Twitter.
  73. ^ "Robert Downey Jr. To Return As Marvel's Iron Man". Marvel.com. June 20, 2013. Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved June 20, 2013. Under the two-picture agreement, Downey will star as Tony Stark/Iron Man in “Marvel’s The Avengers 2” and “Marvel’s The Avengers 3.”
  74. ^ Sneider, Jeff (May 30, 2014). "Josh Brolin Joins Marvel's 'Avengers' Sequels as Villain Thanos". The Wrap. Archived from the original on May 30, 2014. Retrieved May 30, 2014.
  75. ^ Stern, Marlow (September 29, 2014). "Jeremy Renner Opens Up About Marriage, His Problems with the Media, and the Future of Hawk-Eye". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on June 25, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
  76. ^ a b c d e f g Whitbrook, James (March 16, 2018). "Everything We Learned About the Avengers' Fight Against Thanos in the Latest Infinity War Trailer". io9. Archived from the original on March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  77. ^ Romano, Nick (January 28, 2017). "Avengers: Infinity War adds Mantis from Guardians of the Galaxy 2". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on January 29, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  78. ^ a b McLean, Pauline (January 17, 2017). "Karen Gillan on Tupperware Party, Inverness and Avengers". BBC News. Archived from the original on January 17, 2017. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
  79. ^ Lesnick, Sean (January 24, 2017). "Sean Gunn Shares from the Avengers: Infinity War Set". ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on January 25, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  80. ^ Gunn, James [@jamesgunn] (February 11, 2017). "He's not a stand-in. He's motion reference. We use Sean's acting and expressions for Rocket. And yes he's doing that" (Tweet). Archived from the original on February 12, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017 – via Twitter.
  81. ^ Tramel, Jimmie (September 23, 2018). "Tulsa-bound actor Sean Gunn knows Marvel-ous details, but can't share yet". Tulsa World. Archived from the original on September 25, 2018. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  82. ^ Mueller, Matthew (October 21, 2016). "Benedict Wong Confirmed For Avengers Infinity War". ComicBook.com. Archived from the original on October 22, 2016. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
  83. ^ Francisco, Eric (October 9, 2017). "'Spider-Man: Homecoming' Star Wants Ned to Become a Villain". Inverse. Archived from the original on October 9, 2017. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
  84. ^ Morales, Wilson (March 19, 2017). "Isabella Amara Talks About Her Casting in Spider-Man: Homecoming & Confirms Avengers: Infinity War Appearance". Black Film. Archived from the original on July 7, 2017. Retrieved July 7, 2017.
  85. ^ "Liberty University Graduate Earns Credit on Marvel's Latest 'Avengers' Film". Markets Insider. April 27, 2018. Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  86. ^ Dizon, Ethan [@Ethan_Dizon] (November 29, 2017). "It has begun... So happy to be a part of #AvengersInfinityWar as @SpiderManMovie's friend, Tiny. Watch the new trailer today! Thank you @MarvelStudios for the incredible opportunity. #chess #SpiderManHomecoming #MarvelStudios" (Tweet). Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018 – via Twitter.
  87. ^ Pritchard, Tom (November 29, 2017). "Avengers: Infinity War Breakdown: Everything We Spotted in the First Trailer". Gizmodo UK. Archived from the original on November 30, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
  88. ^ Kit, Borys (August 9, 2016). "'Captain America' Actor Sebastian Stan to Star in Thriller 'We Have Always Lived in the Castle' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 10, 2016. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
  89. ^ Lussier, Germain (March 16, 2018). "Peter Dinklage Is Definitely in Avengers: Infinity War, But Who's He Playing?". io9. Archived from the original on March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  90. ^ Ridgely, Charlie (January 26, 2018). "Avengers: Infinity War': Gwyneth Paltrow Lets Some Pepper Potts Spoilers Slip". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2018. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  91. ^ Sciretta, Peter (February 7, 2017). "The Collector Confirmed For 'Avengers: Infinity War'". /Film. Archived from the original on February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  92. ^ Fullerton, Huw (April 30, 2018). "The biggest cameos and surprise appearances in Avengers: Infinity War". Radio Times. Archived from the original on May 1, 2018. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  93. ^ Beresford, Jack (April 24, 2018). "8 incredible Irish connections to Avengers: Infinity War". The Irish Post. Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  94. ^ Robinson, Joanna (April 26, 2018). "Avengers: Infinity War: That End Credits Scene, Explained". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  95. ^ Ross, Dalton (August 2, 2018). "The Russo brothers explain cutting Jon Favreau out of Avengers: Infinity War". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 14, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  96. ^ Kroll, Justin (January 11, 2017). "Peter Dinklage Eyed for a Key Role in 'Avengers: Infinity War' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Archived from the original on January 12, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  97. ^ a b c Robinson, Joana (April 27, 2018). "Avengers: Infinity War—A Guide to all the Cameos and Surprising Bit Parts". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  98. ^ Hall, Jacob (July 15, 2017). "The Minions of Thanos in 'Avengers: Infinity War' Have Been Revealed [D23 Expo 2017]". /Film. Archived from the original on July 15, 2017.
  99. ^ Thompson, Luke Y. (July 15, 2017). "Avengers: Infinity War's Children of Thanos (Black Order) Were Just Unveiled at D23". Nerdist Industries. Archived from the original on April 19, 2018. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  100. ^ Arnold, Berry (August 21, 2017). "Tom Vaughan-Lawlor confirms role in Avengers: Infinity War". DublinLive. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  101. ^ Pante, Corey (March 2, 2018). "This 'Infinity War' Villain Is So Much More Than Thanos' Henchman". Inverse. Archived from the original on March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  102. ^ Fullerton, Huwav (April 16, 2018). "Fargo's Carrie Coon to play crucial Avengers: Infinity War villain". Radio Times. Archived from the original on April 16, 2018. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  103. ^ Esienberg, Eric (April 22, 2018). "We Know Who Is Playing Corvus Glaive In Avengers: Infinity War". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on April 22, 2018. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
  104. ^ Busch, Jenna (July 22, 2017). "Infinity War Director Joe Russo Talks The Black Order at Comic-Con". ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on July 23, 2017. Retrieved July 23, 2017.
  105. ^ Breznican, Anthony (April 28, 2018). "Avengers: Infinity War spoiler talk: Let's explore the surprise keeper of the Soul Stone". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  106. ^ Ross, Dalton (May 1, 2018). "Ross Marquand discusses his surprise Avengers: Infinity War cameo". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 10, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  107. ^ Kit, Borys (April 21, 2016). "Robert Downey Jr. Joins 'Spider-Man: Homecoming'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  108. ^ a b Chitwood, Adam (April 14, 2015). "Chris Hemsworth Reveals the 3 Marvel Movies Left on His Contract". Collider. Archived from the original on April 15, 2015. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  109. ^ a b McMillian, Graeme (September 7, 2018). "Mark Ruffalo Suggests 'Avengers 4' Is Still "In Flux"". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on September 8, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  110. ^ Welch, Alex (August 22, 2017). "Black Widow Heads to Japan in Avengers 4 Set Photos". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on August 22, 2017. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  111. ^ Collis, Clark (October 13, 2016). "Doctor Strange will play a 'very, very important' role in the MCU, Marvel Studios president says". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 14, 2016. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  112. ^ Damore, Meagan (September 21, 2017). "Paltrow Confirms Avengers 4 Role for Cheadle's War Machine". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 21, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  113. ^ Kit, Borys; Couch, Aaron (April 18, 2017). "Marvel's Kevin Feige on Why the Studio Won't Make R-Rated Movies, 'Guardians 2' and Joss Whedon's DC Move". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 18, 2017. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  114. ^ a b Perry, Spencer (October 26, 2017). "More Avengers 4 Set Photos Featuring Hulk, Black Panther, and More". ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on March 26, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  115. ^ Radish, Christina (August 15, 2017). "Paul Bettany on 'Manhunt: Unabomber', Understanding Ted Kaczynski, and 'Avengers: Infinity War'". Collider. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  116. ^ a b Lincoln, Ross A. (July 29, 2016). "Marvel's 'Avengers 3' Gets Official Title With Temp Name Hung On 'Avengers 4'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on July 31, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
  117. ^ Palmer, Frank (March 20, 2017). "Exclusive: Anthony Mackie Says FALCON Won't Die". Screen Geek. Archived from the original on March 22, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
  118. ^ Ellwood, Gregory (September 11, 2017). "Sebastian Stan Says Marvel Studios Training Put To Good Use On 'I, Tonya' [Interview]". The Playlist. Archived from the original on July 24, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  119. ^ Babbage, Rachel (November 1, 2014). "Loki to appear in Thor: Ragnarok and both parts of Avengers: Infinity War". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on November 1, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  120. ^ Mueller, Matthew (September 21, 2018). "Benedict Wong Teases 'Avengers 4' Spoilers Cleaning". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on September 22, 2018. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
  121. ^ Sandwell, Ian (September 29, 2017). "Another Guardians of the Galaxy star confirms they'll be coming back for Avengers 4". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on September 30, 2017. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
  122. ^ Bautista, Dave [@DaveBautista] (July 17, 2017). "I'll be in China. Bummer! 😔Doing a film with Woo Ping. 😃I'll also miss the premier. 😢Cuz I'll be on @Avengers 4! 😃#goodproblems" (Tweet). Archived from the original on July 25, 2017. Retrieved July 25, 2017 – via Twitter.
  123. ^ Deen, Sarah (April 24, 2017). "Has Guardians of the Galaxy star Zoe Saldana revealed the name of Avengers 4?". Metro. Archived from the original on April 24, 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  124. ^ Evans, Mel (October 7, 2018). "Bradley Cooper asked Avengers 4's Russo Brothers if they altered Rocket's voice for Infinity War". Metro. Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  125. ^ Damore, Meagan (August 22, 2017). "Avengers 4 Set Photos Capture Iron Man Character's Return". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on August 22, 2017. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  126. ^ Dolloff, Matt (July 30, 2017). "Josh Brolin Announces Return For Avengers 4 Filming". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  127. ^ Ricwulf, Daniel (October 24, 2015). "Jeremy Renner & Michael Douglas Hint at Marvel Team-Up". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on October 26, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
  128. ^ Barnhardt, Adam (April 23, 2018). "Jon Favreau Reveals If He's in 'Avengers: Infinity War' or 'Avengers 4'". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  129. ^ Mithaiwala, Mansoor (October 28, 2017). "Robert Downey Jr. Announces Avengers 4 Return". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on November 4, 2017. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
  130. ^ Robinson, Joanna (November 28, 2017). "What RoboCop Has to Do with the Future of the Marvel Cinematic Universe". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on November 28, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  131. ^ "'Avengers: Infinity War' actor Sebastian Stan said filming was like 'riding a psychotic horse through a burning stable'". Toronto Sun. November 30, 2017. Archived from the original on December 16, 2017. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  132. ^ Radish, Christina (December 9, 2017). "Sebastian Stan on 'I, Tonya', Working with Margot Robbie, and 'Avengers 4′". Collider. Archived from the original on December 16, 2017. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  133. ^ Loughrey, Clarisse (April 17, 2018). "Avengers Infinity War: Sebastian Stan reveals scene with Samuel L. Jackson, Michael Douglas and Michelle Pfeiffer". The Independent. Archived from the original on April 23, 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  134. ^ Leane, Rob (February 25, 2016). "Stellan Skarsgård is in Avengers: Infinity War, but not Thor 3". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on February 25, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  135. ^ Petski, Denise (September 15, 2017). "'Westworld': Hiroyuki Sanada Set To Recur in Season 2 of HBO Series". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on September 15, 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  136. ^ Eisenberg, Eric (August 21, 2016). "The Running Joke Avengers: Infinity War Will Definitely Continue, According To The Directors". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on August 22, 2016. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
  137. ^ Parker, Ryan (April 30, 2018). "The Russo Brothers Tried to Get David Cross for That 'Avengers: Infinity War' Easter Egg". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 1, 2018. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  138. ^ Fitch, Adam (September 11, 2017). "Stan Lee Has Already Filmed Cameos for Black Panther Avengers 4, & More". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on January 10, 2018. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  139. ^ Barnhardt, Adam (February 13, 2017). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Directors Respond To Thanos Creator's Cameo Plea". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2017. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  140. ^ Schmidt, Joseph (January 22, 2017). "Avengers: Infinity War And Sequel Set To Begin Filming Monday". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
  141. ^ Lovett, Jamie (October 26, 2016). "Avengers: Infinity War Working Title Revealed". ComicBook.com. Archived from the original on October 28, 2016. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
  142. ^ a b Donohoe, Graeme (January 8, 2017). "New £400m Marvel blockbuster Avengers: Infinity War to be shot in Glasgow and Edinburgh". Daily Record. Archived from the original on January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  143. ^ Beers, Roy (February 26, 2017). "Marvel-lous new film hit for Cumbernauld". Cumbernauld News. Archived from the original on March 27, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
  144. ^ Love, Nicola (March 25, 2017). "Avengers in Edinburgh: Why Scotland isn't just filming location for Marvel blockbuster—it's a plot point". Daily Record. Archived from the original on March 27, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
  145. ^ Pringle, Fiona (March 15, 2017). "Filming schedule for new Avengers film revealed". Edinburgh Evening News. Archived from the original on March 15, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  146. ^ Pringle, Fiona (March 21, 2017). "Revealed: Avengers set up filming at Waverley Station". Edinburgh Evening News. Archived from the original on March 21, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
  147. ^ Connor, Rachel (April 29, 2017). "Durham Cathedral transformed for filming of Marvel's Avenger: Infinity War". The Northern Echo. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
  148. ^ a b Love, Nicola (May 3, 2017). "Avengers A-listers sneak into Scotland unnoticed as Marvel blockbuster descends on sleepy Borders village". Daily Record. Archived from the original on May 4, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  149. ^ Marston, George (June 26, 2017). "Avengers: Infinity War Returns to NYC … Sort Of". Newsarama. Archived from the original on June 27, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
  150. ^ Murphy, Charles (July 9, 2017). "More 'Avengers: Infinity War' Set Pics Show Doctor Strange and Scott Lang Coming Together". MCU Exchange. Archived from the original on July 10, 2017. Retrieved July 10, 2017 – via Just Jared.
  151. ^ Dumaraog, Ana (July 9, 2017). "Avengers: Infinity War Is Filming In Queens Next Week". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on July 9, 2017. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  152. ^ "Yes, that 'Avengers: Infinity War' Scene is in PH". ABS-CBN News. April 26, 2018. Archived from the original on April 26, 2018. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  153. ^ Lussier, Germain (February 2, 2018). "How the Teams Behind Black Panther and Infinity War Worked Together to Create a Unified Wakanda". io9. Archived from the original on February 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  154. ^ Chitwood, Adam (April 21, 2017). "'Avengers: Infinity War' and 'Avengers 4' Are Being Shot Separately, Says Kevin Feige". Collider. Archived from the original on April 21, 2017. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  155. ^ Pape, Stefan (April 27, 2016). "Exclusive Interview: The Russo Brothers address the possibility of a new Captain America after Avengers: Infinity War". HeyUGuys. Archived from the original on April 28, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  156. ^ Hensley, Ellie (March 1, 2017). "Dan Cathy: Pinewood Atlanta Studios hosting 'largest film production ever'". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 2, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
  157. ^ Pierrette, Maximilien; Sardet, Yoann (June 13, 2017). "Avengers 3 : 68 super-héros ? Budget record ? Kevin Feige fait le point" (in French). Allocine. Archived from the original on June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  158. ^ Sylt, Christian (April 27, 2018). "Disney Reveals Financial Muscle Of 'Avengers: Infinity War'". Forbes. Archived from the original on May 3, 2018. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  159. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (May 8, 2018). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Marches Toward $600M Profit; How The Russo Brothers Mapped Out The Marvel Hit". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on May 10, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  160. ^ Rubin, Rebecca (April 30, 2018). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Officially Lands Biggest Box Office Opening of All Time". Variety. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  161. ^ "Avengers: Infinity War is the second most expensive film ever made". The Daily Telegraph. April 20, 2018. Archived from the original on April 22, 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  162. ^ Siegel, Tatiana; Kit, Borys (October 11, 2018). "Scarlett Johansson Lands $15 Million Payday for Black Widow Movie". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 11, 2018. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  163. ^ Hood, Cooper (June 17, 2017). "Scarlett Johansson Teases Massive 30+ Character Avengers: Infinity War Scene". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on June 18, 2017. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
  164. ^ Romano, Nick (July 14, 2017). "Avengers: Infinity War has wrapped filming". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  165. ^ Perry, Spencer (August 10, 2017). "Avengers 4 Filming Has Begun!". ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  166. ^ Melrose, Kevin (July 14, 2017). "Avengers: Infinity War Appears to Have Wrapped Filming". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  167. ^ Marc, Christopher (June 14, 2017). "'Avengers 4' aka 'Mary Lou 2' Shoots July–December in Atlanta". Omega Underground. Archived from the original on June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  168. ^ Walljasper, Matt (August 24, 2017). "What's filming in Atlanta now? Avengers: Infinity War, Ant-Man and the Wasp, Valor, Uncle Drew, plus the Marvel film that got away". Atlanta. Archived from the original on August 26, 2017. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  169. ^ Trumbore, Dave (January 11, 2018). "'Avengers 4' Wraps Filming as the Russo Brothers Move into Post-Production". Collider. Archived from the original on January 12, 2018. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  170. ^ Vlessing, Etan (May 7, 2015). "Marvel's 'Avengers: Infinity War' to be Shot Entirely With Imax/Arri 2D Camera". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 7, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  171. ^ "Marvel's Two-Part Avengers: Infinity War To Be Filmed Entirely Using The Brand-New IMAX/ARRI Digital Camera". May 7, 2015. Archived from the original on Apr 4, 2018. Retrieved Apr 4, 2018.
  172. ^ Giardina, Carolyn (May 6, 2016). "How the 'Captain America: Civil War' Airport Battle Was Filmed and Why It's a Prelude to 'Avengers: Infinity War'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 16, 2016. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  173. ^ ColliderVideos (July 24, 2017). Avengers: Infinity War Will Be the Longest MCU Movie Yet, Says Director Joe Russo. YouTube. Event occurs at 0:28. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
  174. ^ Polo, Susana (November 29, 2017). "Infinity War trailer has our first look at the Children of Thanos and the Outriders". Polygon. Archived from the original on November 30, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
  175. ^ Breznican, Anthony (March 1, 2018). "Avengers: Infinity War release date moves up a week". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 1, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  176. ^ McClintock, Pamela (March 1, 2018). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Release Date Moves Up One Week to April". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 1, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  177. ^ Ross, Dalton (May 4, 2018). "Avengers: Infinity War directors reveal scene that didn't make the final cut". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  178. ^ a b Patten, Dominic (July 21, 2018). "'Deadly Class' EP Joe Russo On Syfy Adaptation & Next 'Avengers' Movie – Comic-Con". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on July 24, 2018. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  179. ^ Fischer, Russ (July 8, 2018). "Kevin Feige Still Won't Tell Us All Marvel's Future Plans". Birth.Movies.Death. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  180. ^ Dumaraog, Ana (September 7, 2018). "Avengers 4 Reshoots Officially Begin As Directors Post Set Photo". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on September 8, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  181. ^ Hood, Cooper (October 12, 2018). "Avengers 4 Reshoots: Russo Brothers Announce Filming Has Wrapped". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on October 13, 2018. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  182. ^ Chitwood, Adam (June 25, 2018). "'Avengers 4' Title Likely Won't Be Revealed Until the End of the Year, Says Kevin Feige". Collider. Archived from the original on June 26, 2018. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
  183. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (August 30, 2018). "Busy AGBO Sets India Kidnap Drama 'Dhaka' At Netflix: Chris Hemsworth Stars & Sam Hargrave Helms Joe Russo Script". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  184. ^ a b c Seymour, Mike (May 7, 2018). "Making Thanos Face the Avengers". FX Guide. Archived from the original on May 7, 2018. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  185. ^ Lynch, Russel (May 26, 2017). "Star Wars special effects firm Industrial Light & Magic expands with move to Holborn". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on November 23, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  186. ^ a b c "Avengers: Infinity War". Framestore. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  187. ^ Caranicas, Peter (February 6, 2018). "'Black Panther' and 'Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle' Visual Effects Houses Method and Iloura Join Forces". Variety. Archived from the original on February 7, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  188. ^ Frei, Vincent (March 16, 2018). "Avengers: Infinity War". Art of VFX. Archived from the original on March 24, 2018. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  189. ^ Bishop, Bryan (May 10, 2018). "How Avengers: Infinity War turned Josh Brolin into an eight-foot purple madman". The Verge. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  190. ^ Frei, Vincent (July 25, 2017). "Spider-Man—Homecoming: Dominik Zimmerle—VFX Supervisor—Trixter". Art of VFX. Archived from the original on July 29, 2017. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
  191. ^ "Avengers: Infinity War". Cinesite. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  192. ^ Frei, Vincent (May 15, 2018). "Avengers—Infinity War: Oliver Schulz—VFX Supervisor—Rise". Art of VFX. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved May 20, 2018.