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The Produnova is an artistic gymnastics vault consisting of a front handspring onto the vaulting horse and two front somersaults in a tucked position off it. Under the 2017 Code of Points (artistic gymnastics) the vault has a 6.4 D-score,[1] and is considered one of the hardest vaults performed in women's artistic gymnastics.[2] It has the same D-score as the Biles vault. It is named after Yelena Produnova of Russia, who was the first person to complete it successfully in 1999.[3] This vault is also called the "vault of death" due to its difficulty and likelihood of injury.[4][5][6]

Gymnasts who have successfully completed the Produnova[edit]

Gymnasts who have attempted the Produnova[edit]

  • Choe Jong Sil (PRK): 1980 Olympics, landed on her back[13][14]
  • Yekaterina Tsvetkova (RUS): 2012 Voronin Cup, landed on her back[15]


Controversy was sparked after Fadwa Mahmoud's first competitive Produnova attempt, where she nearly landed on her neck.

As long as the gymnast lands on her feet first, she will get credit for the vault, and because of the Produnova's massive difficulty value, it is easy to get a high score even with poor execution.[16] There have been calls for the Produnova vault to be banned due to the high level of risk.[17]

In the Code of Points that will come into effect in 2017, the vault has been reduced in value to a D-score of 6.4, with poor landings of it specifically penalised in section 10.4 of the Code. If a gymnast attempts the vault but lands on her feet and any other body part simultaneously, then the second somersault will be regarded as incomplete and the vault will only be credited as a front handspring onto the vault and a single front somersault off it.[18]


  1. ^ "2013 FIG Vault Value Table" (PDF). USA Gymnastics. FIG. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  2. ^ "Exploring The New Code: Women's Vault". Gymnastike. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  3. ^ Cohen, Ben; Radnofsky, Louise (7 August 2016). "The Vault That Is Too Wild for Simone Biles". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  4. ^ Roman Stubbs (14 August 2016). "Hoping to beat Simone Biles, 41-year-old Uzbek gymnast attempts the 'vault of death'". Washington Post.
  5. ^ "Why Dipa Karmakar's Produnova is a vault of death". DNA India. 19 April 2016.
  6. ^ Daniel Tran (14 August 2016). "Two gymnasts attempt the 'Vault of Death' (Video)". Yahoo Sports.
  7. ^ "Elena Produnova Sticks World's Most Difficult Vault". WOGymnastika. 9 June 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  8. ^ Lawrence, Blythe (8 October 2011). "Memorable Moments From Prelims". ESPN. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  9. ^ "video: Fadwa Mahmoud (EGY) 14.950". youtube. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  10. ^ "Live Updates: 2015 World Championships". Gymnastike. 23 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  11. ^ "After a flight, a landing: Why Dipa Karmakar's medal in Commonwealth Games is its bravest bronze". The Indian Express. 2014-08-24. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
  12. ^ "Why Dipa Karmakar's Produnova is a vault of death | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
  13. ^ "Produnova – Handspring double front vault". Gymnastics Coaching. 23 September 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  14. ^ 1980 Olympics gymnastics Choe Jong Sil vault.
  15. ^ "Produnova attempt at Voronin Cup". Gymnastics Coaching. 17 December 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  16. ^ "Should the Produnova vault be banned?". GymTruthTeller. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  17. ^ "Something's Gotta Change." Beautiful Gymnastics. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  18. ^ "FIG Code of Points 2017-2020" (PDF). FIG. 10 May 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016.

External links[edit]