Eobard Thawne

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Professor Zoom
Reverse Flash.jpg
Cover art to Time Masters: Vanishing Point #5
Art by Dan Jurgens.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
First appearance The Flash (vol. 1) #139 (September 1963)
Created by John Broome
Carmine Infantino
In-story information
Alter ego Eobard Thawne
Team affiliations Secret Society of Super Villains
Injustice League
Black Lantern Corps
The Rogues
Notable aliases Reverse-Flash
Abilities

Genius-level intellect
Master manipulator and deceiver
Skilled hand-to-hand combatant
(Negative) Speed Force grants:

Professor Eobard "Zoom" Thawne, otherwise known as the Reverse-Flash, is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Created by John Broome and Carmine Infantino, he first appeared in The Flash (vol. 1) #139 in September 1963. He is the archenemy of Barry Allen (the second superhero known as the Flash), a descendant of Malcolm Thawne, and a maternal forefather of both Bart Allen and Owen Mercer. In 2009, the character was re-imagined as a major villain in the DC Universe by writer Geoff Johns in The Flash: Rebirth.[1]

Professor Zoom was ranked as IGN's 31st greatest comic book villain of all time in 2009,[2] and #2 on their Top 5 Flash Villains list in 2015.[3] In 2013, C. Thomas Howell voiced Professor Zoom in the animated feature film Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox. In 2014, the character made his live-action debut on The CW's TV series The Flash, portrayed by Tom Cavanagh and Matt Letscher.

Fictional character biography[edit]

The Flash (vol. 5) #139 (September 1963): First appearance of Professor Eobard "Zoom" Thawne, the Reverse-Flash.

Eobard Thawne made his debut as the Reverse-Flash in The Flash #139 (September 1963). He found a time capsule in the 25th century containing the Flash's costume, and was able to use a Tachyon device to amplify the suit's speed energy, giving himself the abilities of the Flash as long as he wore it. In the process, Thawne reversed the colors of the costume, the suit becoming yellow, the boots and lightning bolt highlighting the red color, and the chest symbol's white circle becoming black. Taking the new name "Professor Zoom", Thawne used his speed powers to commit crimes, but was stopped by the Flash, who had traveled forward in time to witness the time capsule being opened because it also contained an atomic clock which threatened to explode like an atomic bomb due to the process with which it had been sent into the future. The Flash, assuming his counterpart might know where the clock was, pursued Professor Zoom. After a destructive battle, the villain was finally defeated when he boasted how he used a chemical coating to protect himself from air friction. Betting that the invisible aura around his body would be superior protection, the Flash seized Zoom and began to push him forward so fast that the intense air friction overwhelmed the coating and the resulting burns forced him to surrender. It proved a waste of time, as Thawne knew nothing about the clock and the Flash was just barely able to find and remove it to an isolated area before it exploded. He also destroyed the costume to prevent it from being used again.[4]

Blaming the Flash for his defeat, Eobard began traveling back in time to gain revenge, using his knowledge of history to his advantage. In his second appearance, he hypnotized Doctor Alchemy, who was trying to go straight, into helping him. He also became obsessed with "replacing" Barry Allen, not only as the Flash, but as the husband of Iris West. After Iris finally made it clear that this would never happen (actually the second time she had insisted this as Eobard having erased her memory of the first time), Thawne (apparently) kills Iris at a party, vibrating his hand into her head. It took a long time for Barry to get his life back together after this. Shortly after Allen had found love again, Zoom reappeared, threatening to kill new fiancee Fiona Webb on Allen's second wedding day. Terrified that history would repeat itself, Allen instinctively and inadvertently kills his enemy, breaking Thawne's neck in a final struggle.[5] After he was found not guilty of murder in the subsequent trial, despite the fact that the then-Kid Flash testified that Barry could have stopped Thawne without breaking his neck, Barry went to the 30th century to retire and live with the resurrected Iris, as it was revealed she was really an inhabitant of that era sent back for protection and that her mind had been taken from the moment before death, only to later die during the Crisis on Infinite Earths.

Post-Crisis origin[edit]

In a post-Crisis origin, the storyline "The Return of Barry Allen" in The Flash (vol. 2) #74-79, reveals that Thawne was an obsessive fan of the Flash before he found the time capsule. After gaining super-speed by replicating the electrochemical bath that gave Barry Allen his powers (losing years of his life in the process), and even undergoing surgery to make himself look like his idol, he traveled back in time using the Cosmic Treadmill to meet the Flash. Eobard became mentally unstable upon arriving several years after Barry's death at the Flash Museum—the machine having broken down over the centuries—and discovering that he was destined to become "Professor Zoom", otherwise known as the "Reverse-Flash", and die at the hands of his idol, resulting in his mind—already disoriented by the stress of time travel—convincing himself that he is Barry Allen. However, his true identity is eventually revealed due to his more violent nature. Thawne (as "Barry") attacked Central City as revenge for "forgetting him", before donning his future self's costume as the Reverse-Flash, intending to stay in the present in hopes of averting his fate, becoming an enemy of Allen's successor Wally West's in the process. He was ultimately defeated by West and sent back to the future, his memory wiped of the incident due to the trauma of the time-travel and the brutal beating he received during the battle. Despite this, Eobard still managed to bring the remains of the costume that his older self used, cluing him further into his destiny.

The Flash: Rebirth[edit]

Main article: The Flash: Rebirth

Professor Zoom appears within the Speed Force in The Flash: Rebirth by Geoff Johns. It is revealed that he would be resurrected in a near-future event, as his corpse is still buried in the present. He is apparently the one responsible for Barry's return and transformation into the Black Flash.[6][7] He apparently kills the Black Flash and attempts to transform Barry into its replacement. When he appears again, he murders the revived Johnny Quick.[8] It is revealed that Thawne recreated the chemical bath that originally gave Barry his speed, allowing Thawne to lure Barry out of the Speed Force during Final Crisis and, by using that, to create a negative Speed Force, affecting Barry and temporarily turning him into the Black Flash.[9]

He then traps Barry and the revived Max Mercury inside the negative Speed Force, and goes to attack Wally West's kids (Jai and Iris). He attempts to kill them through their connection to the Speed Force in front of Linda Park-West, only to be stopped by Jay Garrick and Bart Allen. Professor Zoom hates Bart's existence even though the boy is Thawne's descendant, since Bart is also a descendant of Barry, whose legacy Zoom is intent on destroying. Bart, in turn, expresses no affection to his maternal forefather, fully aware that Thawne is a psychopath. Thawne defeats Jay and prepares to kill Bart before Max, Barry and Wally arrive, and take the fight to him.[9] The fight is soon joined by Jesse Chambers and Irey, both of whom now have a full connection to the Speed Force and who take up the mantles of Jesse Quick and Impulse.[10]

Thawne pulls Barry away and reveals that everything horrible that happened to Barry, including the death of his mother Nora, was caused because of Reverse-Flash. He then decides to destroy everything by killing Barry's wife, Iris, before they even met.[10]

As Barry chases after Thawne, Wally joins in the time barrier. They reach him, and in doing so they become the lightning bolt that turns Barry into the Flash as they are able to stop Thawne from killing Iris. The Flashes push Thawne back through time, showing his past and future. They return to the present, where the Justice League, the Justice Society, and the Outsiders have built a device originally intended to disconnect Barry from the Speed Force when he was the Black Flash. Barry tosses Thawne in and Jay activates the device, severing his connection to the negative Speed Force. As the Flashes tie him up to stop him from running, back in the past Iris discovers Thawne's weapon and keeps it.[11]

In the present, Zoom is imprisoned in the Iron Heights. Hunter Zolomon speaks to him, saying they can help each other be better. In Gorilla City, one of the apes warns that Professor Zoom has done something horrible to their jungles, something even they do not know.[11]

Blackest Night[edit]

In the 2009–2010 storyline "Blackest Night", Eobard Thawne's broken-necked corpse is reanimated as a member of the Black Lantern Corps. The black power ring downloaded the corpse's memories, resulting in it not knowing of Barry's death and resurrection. Declaring itself the new Black Flash, the Black Lantern Zoom attacks Barry, who manages to elude it for the moment.[12] When Black Lantern Rogues attack Iron Heights, they encounter the living Zoom, their rings strangely malfunctioning, and displaying a strange symbol.[13] When the Black Lantern Zoom approaches his living counterpart, he stops moving, and is then frozen by Captain Cold's "cold grenade".[14] In the final issue of the series, future Black Lantern Zoom is brought back to life by the white light of creation, and manages to escape.[15]

In the follow-up "Brightest Day" storyline, the present Professor Zoom is still imprisoned in Iron Heights.[16] When Deadman activates the White Power Battery, the Entity speaks to the twelve heroes and villains resurrected at the climax of the "Blackest Night" and tells each of them of their mission that must be accomplished in order to restore 'life' to the universe and prevent the Blackest Night from ever recurring. Zoom becomes the first to inadvertently fulfill his mission, which occurred in the events of The Flash: Rebirth when he freed Barry Allen from the Speed Force following his resurrection. The Entity proclaims Professor Zoom has completed his task, and his life is restored to him, later revealing that Zoom, having fulfilled his task, is now fully purged of all trace remnants of his Black Lantern ties – both present and future.[17] Professor Zoom is released from Iron Heights by Captain Boomerang, who had hoped to better understand his version of the Entity's message. Zoom does not answer him directly, giving a cryptic response and eventually escaping as Captain Boomerang is confronted by the rest of the Rogues.[18]

Post-Infinite Crisis origin[edit]

Professor Zoom uses his power to completely rewrite his history. In the story Professor Zoom uses his reverse Speed force powers to wipe his younger brother and rival Professor Drake from history as well as killing his parents when they try to interfere with his research.[19]

Eobard then falls in love with a reporter who had been hired to interview him and his future self at first kills and then wipes the reporter's fiance (and eventually every man who she had ever dated) from existence. After finding out she did not return Eobard's affections, his future self traumatized the reporter when she was a child, causing her to be mute and institutionalized for the rest of her life so that he never met her.[19]

He later had his younger self find the time capsule containing Barry Allen's costume to make himself the 25th century Flash. As the altered Eobard Thawne runs past him, Professor Zoom sheds a tear for his past self, saying "It won't last long. You will never find love. You will never be the Flash. Barry Allen destroyed my future. It's time I destroyed his".

Flashpoint[edit]

In the 2011 Flashpoint storyline, a new timeline is created through the alteration of history.[20] Zoom reveals that his body is permanently connected to the Speed Force, enabling him to create the negative version of it, with which he escaped prison. He was unable to alter Barry's becoming the Flash, as that would erase Zoom himself from existence. Zoom decides instead to ruin Barry's life by during childhood, removing Barry's best friend from existence to result in greater introversion on Barry's part, and various other torments such as killing his mother.[21] Zoom reveals to Barry that the new timeline was created by Barry himself going back in time to stop Professor Zoom from killing his mother. After Zoom is killed by the Batman of this reality with an Amazonian sword, Flash travels back in time to stop his younger self from altering time but instead, under the manipulations of Pandora, a third, new timeline is created, in which DC Comics' continuity takes place from 2011 onwards.[22]

The New 52[edit]

In the new timeline, Professor Zoom is revealed to be trapped in the Speed Force,[23] and it seems that Barry hasn’t met him yet (he doesn't recognize the name "Thawne"). However, Thawne definitely knows about the Flash, and after learning how to leave the Speed Force, Professor Zoom brings in his friends to assure that Barry meets as heartbreaking a demise as possible. But Zoom's not ready to reveal himself just yet. Meanwhile, Barry reveals the name "Thawne" to his father, to find that Henry recognizes the name. He does his best to get Barry to stop investigating that name, then turns to his prison friends to help deal with the situation.[24]

When Henry Allen, along with some other villains, like Girder, are on the run and grabbing supplies from the Central City distribution center for Medi-Barn Supplies, Inc, someone is following them but they don't notice him at first. It is Professor Zoom, and he does not want Henry Allen to be a "free man", even though Henry is wanted for escaping prison, so Zoom pulls the fire alarm. With the fire alarm comes a guard and the group is put in a sticky situation. In the moment where the guard has his gun drawn on Henry, Zoom speeds in and puts the gun in Henry's hand and makes him pull the trigger. The guard goes down and is dead. But Zoom is not done yet. Later on, Zoom confronts Barry again and while Barry has only bumped into Zoom a couple of times, Zoom seems very familiar with who Barry is. After their confrontation, Zoom leads Barry to the house where his mother was killed.[25]

Its also revealed that following his escape from the Speed Force, Professor Zoom traveled throughout time to find other people that were touched by the Speed Force and given powers. He does this in order to put a team of four individuals "touched by the lightning" to destroy Barry Allen.[26]

As revealed in The Flash (Vol. 4) #45, his powers are different in the New 52, as he is "able to control the flow of time to make himself appear faster than everything--and everyone--else". In the same issue he absorbs the power from one of his associates - Magali - and becomes able "to affect the age of organic and inorganic matter".[27]

Powers and abilities[edit]

Eobard Thawne is able to travel at super-human speeds faster than the speed of light, deliver many different types of blows per second, run on water, create cyclones, and vibrate his molecules to pass through solid objects. Essentially he has all the same powers as The Flash or other speedsters, and can thus fight with blinding swiftness.[citation needed] Aside from his metahuman abilities, Thawne's greatest weapon is his intellect, as even in the 25th Century, when vast scientific advancements have been made, he is still considered a genius.

In The Flash: Rebirth, it is discovered that when Thawne duplicated the incident that granted Barry Allen his powers, he created a negative Speed Force by corrupting the positive version of it. Through this Speed Force, he has the ability to create multiple after-images ("speed mirages") and, unlike other users of the original Speed Force, can travel through and alter time, being able to erase people from existence (other speedsters cannot change the past without dramatic consequences). In addition, Thawne can create shockwaves across space and time simply by snapping his fingers, a skill he learned from Hunter Zolomon.

In the events leading up to Flashpoint, Thawne has developed numerous powers including the ability to absorb other people's memories and experiences, change the age of himself and others, and drastically alter time.[28]

The Flash (Vol. 4) #45 reveals that Thawne's powers are different in the New 52, as he is "able to control the flow of time to make himself appear faster than everything--and everyone--else" (similar to Hunter Zolomon's prior to Flashpoint). In the same issue he absorbs the power from one of his associates - Magali - and becomes able "to affect the age of organic and inorganic matter". This was also an ability he showcased in "Road to Flashpoint".[27]

Other versions[edit]

Batman Beyond[edit]

In the final issue of the Batman Beyond arc "Hush Beyond", an elderly Amanda Waller informs a head CADMUS scientist Dr. Thawne that the world will always need a Batman, before unveiling vats full of clones of the original Dark Knight and his allies.[29] He is later seen making a transaction with Inque, a recurring villain with unstable mutagen powers, gaining a trigger that can adapt to any weapon and with limitless range in return for helping Inque remain stable.[30]

Impulse[edit]

In an alternate timeline created when Impulse kills an insect in the Devonian Age, most super-villains are government bureaucrats. Professor Zoom is the National Science Advisor to President-for-Life Julian Tremain. Although he claims that his superspeed gave him superior intellect, his advice tends to be extremely obvious.[volume & issue needed]

In subsequent changes to the timeline, Zoom defected to the rebellion against Tremain led by Gorilla Grodd; turned into a gorilla fighting against an army of flying turtles led by Grodd, now a flying turtle himself; and was a gorilla in a modern society identical to that of ancient Egypt.[31]

In other media[edit]

Television[edit]

Arrowverse[edit]

Tom Cavanagh as Eobard Thawne / Reverse-Flash on The Flash.
  • Eobard Thawne/Reverse-Flash is featured in The CW's Arrowverse, portrayed by Tom Cavanagh (in the form of "Dr. Harrison Wells") and Matt Letscher (original likeness).
    • In season one of The Flash, Eobard serves as the main antagonist. He is depicted as the Flash's archenemy from the future, who traveled back to the year 2000 to kill his nemesis as a child. But when the Flash from the year 2024 followed Eobard back in time and intervened, an angered Reverse-Flash murdered Nora Allen and framed Henry Allen instead, hoping that a childhood tragedy would cause Barry Allen not to adopt the Flash persona. However, the Reverse-Flash somehow lost his connection to the Speed Force, leaving him unable to travel back to his time. Knowing that Dr. Harrison Wells was responsible for creating "metahumans" in the year 2020, Eobard killed and impersonated the scientist via a genetic modification device. Fifteen years later, he has already founded S.T.A.R. Labs and created a particle accelerator with Caitlin Snow and Cisco Ramon, which exploded as planned, thus achieving Barry's destiny seven years earlier. Now faking paralysis, Eobard pushes Barry to run faster, due to needing the latter's connection to the Speed Force in order to return to his own time. Eobard eventually resurfaces as the Reverse-Flash, and defeats the Flash twice in combat. After his secret is discovered, Barry attempts to capture Eobard to free Henry, but the villain escapes and abducts his ancestor, Detective Eddie Thawne. The Reverse-Flash is eventually defeated by the combined efforts of the Flash, the Arrow and Firestorm. Eobard then assists Barry in traveling back in time to save Nora, in exchange for a time machine to return to the future once the Speed Force wormhole is open. But Barry chooses not to save Nora and returns to destroy Eobard's time machine, enraging the villain. During their final battle, the Reverse-Flash once again bests the Flash and prepares for the kill, but Eddie sacrifices himself and seemingly erases Eobard from existence.
The second season's episode “The Reverse-Flash Returns” features Eobard's origin story. Hailing from the future, Professor Eobard Thawne was once obsessed with the Flash. But after duplicating the accident that gave the hero his powers, Eobard grew to despise him upon learning that he was destined to become his idol's archenemy (through means of time travel). He then adopted the supervillain persona of the Reverse-Flash, and discovered that the Flash was active in the early 21st Century, thus beginning their rivalry. In the season finale, Barry travels back in time to save his mother, and knocks the Reverse-Flash out in doing so, effectively altering all of history and restoring Eobard to the timeline.

Film[edit]

Professor Zoom appears in Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox, voiced by C. Thomas Howell. He hires the Rogues to ambush the Flash (Barry Allen) at the Flash Museum. After the hero is subdued, Zoom betrays the Rogues and places 25th Century explosives on their belts, hoping to destroy the museum. However, the Justice League arrive to disarm the bombs, and Zoom is subsequently arrested. After Barry travels back in time to prevent his mother's murder, all of reality is altered, and Aquaman's Atlantean army is engaged in a war with Wonder Woman's Amazonian forces. Zoom also enters this reality via the Speed Force, and saves Lois Lane's life when she is about to be killed by the Amazonians, hoping that the reporter's camera would catch a glimpse of him and alert Barry of his presence. While Cyborg's metahuman team tries to put an end to the war, Zoom appears and beats Barry, while stating that his nemesis' attempt to save his mother was the cause of all the chaos and destruction. As the Atlanteans' doomsday device destroys the world, Zoom is shot in the head by this reality's Batman. The Flash then taps into the Speed Force once more to stop his past self from altering time, and a new reality appears, leaving Zoom's final fate unknown.

Parodies[edit]

Eobard Thawne appears on Robot Chicken. He is voiced by Seth Green (in "Losin' the Wobble") and by Matthew Senreich (in the Robot Chicken DC Comics Special 2: Villains in Paradise). Tom Cavanagh later reprises his role from The Flash in the sketch "The Nerd on the CW". In the episode "Losin' the Wobble", he is seen robbing a bank, while the Flash, Superman and Wonder Woman stand idly by, commenting about how lame they think opposite-themed villains like the Reverse-Flash, Bizarro Superman and Negative Wonder Woman are. Professor Zoom is later seen with the Legion of Doom in the Robot Chicken DC Comics Special 2: Villains in Paradise. He is mentioned by Brainiac when Composite Superman uses the Cosmic Treadmill, and makes a non-voiced cameo while fighting the Flash in the Robot Chicken DC Comics Special III: Magical Friendship. He later appears (as Harrison Wells) in "The Nerd on the CW".

Video games[edit]

  • Professor Zoom is one of the villains hired by Brainiac to collect Starites in Scribblenauts Unmasked: A DC Comics Adventure. He teams up with Doppelgänger to compete against Barry Allen and Maxwell.
  • Professor Zoom is a playable character in Lego Batman 3: Beyond Gotham, voiced by Liam O'Brien.
  • Professor Zoom appears in various storylines in the PC and PlayStation 4 MMO DC Universe Online.
  • In Injustice: Gods Among Us, Professor Zoom's Black Lantern design was a playable alternate skin for the Flash (Barry Allen) as part of a limited exclusive challenge. The 2.6 update later introduced a Reverse-Flash card (based on Tom Cavanagh's portrayal on the TV series The Flash) which can be purchased in the Most Wanted Pack. His passive is dubbed "Cellular Regeneration", referring to his ability to heal rapidly from injury, and his second special attack is called "Out of Time", referencing an episode of the show.

Merchandise[edit]

  • DC Direct released a Professor Zoom figure in their JLA Classified line.
  • A Reverse-Flash figure was released in Wave 20 of DC Universe Classics' figure line.
  • A DC Universe Action League figure of Professor Zoom was released in a two-pack with the Flash.
  • DC Direct released a Reverse-Flash (labeled Zoom) SDCC convention exclusive figure in their Flashpoint figure line.
  • A Reverse-Flash collectible statue was included in the Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox Blu-ray combo pack.
  • A Reverse-Flash mini figure was released in DC Direct's Blammoids line.
  • Funko Mystery Minis has released a Reverse-Flash mini figure in their DC Comics wave.
  • Funko has released three POP! vinyl figures of Eobard Thawne. The first being based on his appearance in the comic books, the second a Black Lantern exclusive, and the third a The Flash television series version.
  • A Retro Re-Action figure of the Reverse-Flash was released based on his appearance in The Flash TV series.
  • In August 2016, DC Collectibles released a Reverse-Flash figure based on his appearance in the TV show The Flash.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flash: Rebirth outline in the hardcover collection of the story
  2. ^ "Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time: 31. Professor Zoom". IGN. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  3. ^ Schedeen, Jesse (January 13, 2015). "Top 5 Flash Villains". IGN.
  4. ^ The Flash 139 (September 1963), DC Comics
  5. ^ Flash (vol. 1) #324 (August 1983)
  6. ^ The Flash: Rebirth #1 (April 2009). DC Comics
  7. ^ The Flash: Rebirth #2 (May 2009). DC Comics
  8. ^ The Flash: Rebirth #3 (June 2009). DC Comics
  9. ^ a b The Flash: Rebirth #4 (August 2009). DC Comics
  10. ^ a b The Flash: Rebirth #5 (November 2009). DC Comics
  11. ^ a b The Flash: Rebirth #6 (February 2010). DC Comics
  12. ^ Blackest Night: The Flash #1 (December 2009). DC Comics
  13. ^ Blackest Night: The Flash #2 (January 2010). DC Comics
  14. ^ Blackest Night: The Flash #3 (February 2010). DC Comics
  15. ^ Johns, Geoff (w). Reis, Ivan (p), Albert, Oclair (i). Blackest Night #8 (March 2010). DC Comics
  16. ^ Brightest Day #0 (April 2010). DC Comics
  17. ^ Brightest Day #7 (August 2010). DC Comics
  18. ^ The Flash (vol. 3) #7 (December 2010). DC Comics
  19. ^ a b The Flash (vol. 3) #8 (February 2011). DC Comcics
  20. ^ Johns, Geoff (w). "Flashpoint", The Flash (vol. 3) #10 – 12 (April – May 2011). DC Comics
  21. ^ Flashpoint: Reverse-Flash one-shot (June 2011). DC Comics
  22. ^ Johns, Geoff (w). Flashpoint #5 (August 2011). DC Comics.
  23. ^ The Flash (vol. 4) #40
  24. ^ The Flash (vol. 4) #41
  25. ^ The Flash (vol. 4) #42
  26. ^ The Flash (vol. 4) Annual #4
  27. ^ a b The Flash (vol. 4) #45
  28. ^ The Flash (vol. 3) #12 (May 2011). DC Comics
  29. ^ Batman Beyond Vol. 3 #6 (November 2010). DC Comics.
  30. ^ Batman Beyond Vol. 4 #8. DC Comics.
  31. ^ Impulse #35. DC Comics.
  32. ^ Allstetter, Rob (January 27, 2010). "Kate Jewell interviews Michael Jelenic". Comics Continuum. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  33. ^ Bucksbaum, Sydney (July 23, 2016). "Comic-Con: 'Legends of Tomorrow' to Tackle Legion of Doom Villain Team In Season 2". The Hollywood Reporter. 

External links[edit]