Profile in Courage Award
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The Profile in Courage Award is a private award given to recognize displays of courage similar to those John F. Kennedy described in his book Profiles in Courage. It is given to individuals (often elected officials) who, by acting in accord with their conscience, risked their careers or lives by pursuing a larger vision of the national, state or local interest in opposition to popular opinion or pressure from constituents or other local interests.
The winners of the award are selected by a bi-partisan committee named by the John F. Kennedy Library Foundation, which includes members of the Kennedy family and other prominent Americans. It is generally awarded each year around the time of Kennedy's birthday (May 29) at a ceremony at the Kennedy Library in Boston. The award is generally presented by Kennedy's daughter Caroline Kennedy. Also before their deaths Senator Edward Kennedy, John F. Kennedy Jr., and former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.
The winner is presented with a sterling silver lantern made by Tiffany's which was designed by Edwin Schlossberg. The lantern is patterned after the lanterns on USS Constitution, the last sail-powered ship to remain part of the US Navy, which is permanently moored nearby.
- 1990: Carl Elliott, Sr.
- 1991: Charles Weltner
- 1992: Lowell Weicker, Jr.
- 1993: James Florio
- 1994: Henry Gonzalez
- 1995: Michael Synar
- 1996: Corkin Cherubini
- 1997: Judge Charles Price
- 1998: Nickolas C. Murnion; "Peacemakers of Northern Ireland" (signatories of the Good Friday Agreement)
- 1999: Russell Feingold and John McCain
- 2000: Hilda Solis
- 2001: John Lewis (Lifetime Achievement Award); Gerald Ford
- 2002: Kofi Annan; Dean Koldenhoven; "Public Servants of September 11" (representatives of NYPD, the FDNY, and the military who risked their lives on September 11, 2001 attacks)
- 2003: Dan Ponder, Jr.; David Beasley; Roy Barnes
- 2004: Sima Samar; Cindy Watson; Paul Muegge
- 2005: Joseph Darby; Shirley Franklin; Bill Ratliff; Victor Yushchenko
- 2006: Alberto J. Mora; John Murtha
- 2007: Bill White; Doris Voitier
- 2008: Jennifer Brunner; Debra Bowen; William Winter (Lifetime Achievement Award)
- 2009: Edward M. Kennedy; Brooksley Born; Sheila Bair; Leymah Gbowee and the Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace; Their efforts are portrayed in the documentary Pray the Devil Back to Hell
- 2010: Karen Bass, Dave Cogdill, Darrell Steinberg, and Michael Villines
- 2011: Elizabeth Redenbaugh, Wael Ghonim and the People of Egypt
- 2012: Marsha K. Ternus, David L. Baker, Michael J. Streit, and Robert S. Ford
- 2013: Gabrielle Giffords
- 2014: George H. W. Bush; Paul W. Bridges
- 2015: Bob Inglis
- 2016: Dan Malloy
- 2012 JFK Profile in Courage Award Winners Announced (March 12, 2012).
- Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy Announced as Recipient of the 2016 John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award for Stand on Syrian Refugee Resettlement (April 4, 2016).