T. N. Gill, 1862
Prognathodes is a genus of fish in the family Chaetodontidae found at rocky reefs in tropical oceans around the world and are mainly found deeper than Chaetodon; often a depths below those possible in normal scuba diving. In the past they were commonly included in the genus Chaetodon. They are whitish, yellow, black and dark brown, and reach 10–16 centimetres (3.9–6.3 in) in length.
There are currently 12 recognized species in this genus:
- Prognathodes aculeatus (Poey, 1860) (Long-snout butterflyfish)
- Prognathodes aya (D. S. Jordan, 1886) (Bank butterflyfish)
- Prognathodes basabei Pyle & Kosaki, 2016 
- Prognathodes brasiliensis W. E. Burgess, 2001
- Prognathodes carlhubbsi Nalbant, 1995
- Prognathodes dichrous (Günther, 1869) (Bicolor butterflyfish)
- Prognathodes falcifer (C. L. Hubbs & Rechnitzer, 1958) (Scythe-marked butterflyfish)
- Prognathodes guezei (Maugé & Bauchot, 1976) (Gueze's butterflyfish)
- Prognathodes guyanensis (J. Durand, 1960) (French butterflyfish)
- Prognathodes guyotensis (Yamamoto & Tameka, 1982)
- Prognathodes marcellae (Poll, 1950)
- Prognathodes obliquus (Lubbock & A. J. Edwards, 1980) (Oblique butterflyfish)
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2016). Species of Prognathodes in FishBase. June 2016 version.
- Pyle, R.L. & Kosaki, R.K. (2016): Prognathodes basabei, a new species of butterflyfish (Perciformes, Chaetodontidae) from the Hawaiian Archipelago. ZooKeys, 614: 137–152.
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