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PurpleMartin cajay.jpg
Male Purple martin (Progne subis)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Hirundinidae
Subfamily: Hirundininae
Genus: Progne
F. Boie, 1826

9, See text

Progne is a genus of birds. The genus name refers to Procne (Πρόκνη), a mythological girl who was turned into a swallow to save her from her husband. She had killed their son to avenge the rape of her sister.[1]

Extant Species[edit]

Created by Friedrich Boie in 1826, the genus contains nine American swallows.[2]

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Purple martins (Progne subis) Ford Bay Marina 09.jpg Progne subis Purple martin west coast from British Columbia to Mexico
Progne dominicensis -Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago-8.jpg Progne dominicensis Caribbean martin mainland Central and South America
Progne cryptoleuca Cuban martin Caribbean islands from Jamaica east to Tobago
Progne sinaloae Sinaloa martin Mexico
Progne chalybea -Sao Jose do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil-8.jpg Progne chalybea Grey-breasted martin Central and South America.
Progne modesta Galapagos martin Galápagos Islands.
Progne murphyi Peruvian martin Peru and far norther Chile.
Southern Martin (Progne elegans) (15934988176).jpg Progne elegans Southern martin Argentina and southern Bolivia
Progne tapera -Ceibas, Entre Rios, Argentina-8.jpg Progne tapera Brown-chested martin Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, the United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, and is a vagrant to Chile and the Falkland Islands.


  1. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 317. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  2. ^ "ITIS Report: Progne". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 5 December 2012.