Progress D-436

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D-436
D-436-148 MAKS-2009.jpg
D-436-148 turbofan engine for An-148
Type Turbofan
National origin Soviet Union/Ukraine
Manufacturer Ivchenko-Progress , UMPO and NPC Saljut
First run 1985
Major applications Antonov An-148
Tupolev Tu-334
Beriev Be-200
Developed from Lotarev D-36

The Progress D-436 is a three-shaft high by-pass turbofan engine developed by the Ukrainian company Ivchenko-Progress. It was initially developed to meet the requirements for late versions of the Yakovlev Yak-42 and the Antonov An-72 in the 1980s. The engine first ran in 1985 and was subsequently certified in 1987.[1] Several variants have been developed and are currently in service with a variety of aircraft.

Design and development[edit]

The D-436 engine was developed as a follow on to the Lotarev D-36. The engine took several of its design features from that engine and another Progress engine, the Progress D-18. The D-436 incorporated an updated, higher RPM fan, a lower emissions combustor, and new compressor sections. Several variants of the engine incorporate a FADEC.

Variants[edit]

A Progress D-436 installed on an Antonov An-158
D-436K
  • The "K" variant was the initial model of the engine. It had a bypass ratio of 6.2 and a pressure ratio of 21.0. Proposed for use in the defunct Antonov An-71[2]
D-436M
  • The "M" variant was proposed for use on the Yak-42M.[3]
D-436T1
  • The "T1" variant is used on the Tu-334 and has been offered for use on the in-development Tu-414.[4] See detailed specifications below. The variant was also proposed for use on the now-defunct An-174.
D-436T1-134
  • The "T1-134" variant was proposed as a replacement for the engines on the Tu-134
D-436T2
  • The "T2" variant is uprated to 80 kN (18,000 lbf) of thrust and is used on the Tu-334-100D and the Tu-334-200D.[5]
D-436TP
  • The "TP" variant is a specific "maritime" corrosion-resistant version developed for use in the Be-200 amphibious aircraft. This variant produces 7,500 kgf (16,534 lbf) each.
D-436T3
  • The "T3" variant added a booster section behind the new wide-chord fan and had a maximum thrust around 93 kN (21,000 lbf).[6] The T3 variant was also considered for the Il-214, but the aircraft's thrust requirements exceeded the max engine thrust of 93 kN (21,000 lbf).[7]
D-436-148
  • The "-148" variant was developed specifically for the An-148.[8] This version is derated to 67 kN (15,000 lbf) of thrust for longer engine life[9]
D-436TX
  • The "TX" variant uses the same core at the "T3", but includes an updated turbine and a geared fan. It is in the 117–135 kN (26,000–30,000 lbf)class.[10]

Derivatives[edit]

AI-436T12
  • This derivative engine was designed for use on the Irkut/Ilyushin MC-21. It was projected to produce 117 kN (26,000 lbf) of thrust.[11] Irkut has since replaced the AI-436T12 with the 137.89 kN (31,000 lbf) Aviadvigatel PD-14.[citation needed]

Applications[edit]

Specifications (D-436-T1)[edit]

Data from ivchenko-progress.com,[12] Flight,[13] Jane's Aero Engines and forecastinternational.com[14]

General characteristics

  • Type: Three-spool high bypass turbofan
  • Length: 3,030 mm (119 in)
  • Diameter: 1,390 mm (55 in)
  • Dry weight: 1,450 kg (3,200 lb)

Components

  • Compressor: Axial flow, 1-stage 33-blade fan, 6-stage IP, 7-stage HP
  • Turbine: Single-stage HP, single-stage IP, 3-stage LP

Performance

See also[edit]

Comparable engines

Related lists

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ivchenko-Progress D-436". Jane's.
  2. ^ Fricker, John. RUSSIAN AWACS PROGRAMS FACE FUNDING PROBLEMS (1995).Aviation Week and Space Technology. Vol. 143, No. 23; Pg. 89.
  3. ^ ZMKB Ivchenko Progress (1997). Flight International. 24-30 Sept 1997, pg 50.
  4. ^ Tu-324/414 (2003). Flight International. 28 Oct - 3 Nov 2003, pg. 57.
  5. ^ Tupolev (1999). Flight International. 1-7 Sept 1999, pg. 73.
  6. ^ ZMKB Progress (2004).Flight International.23-29 Nov 2004, pg.61
  7. ^ India needs more power for 11-214 (2002). Flight International. 30 April - 6 May 2002, pg. 20.
  8. ^ An-148 final assembly gets under way at Kiev (2004). Flight International. 16–22 March 2004, pg. 10.
  9. ^ An-148 design tweaked as date for first flight approaches (2003). Flight International. 24-30 Jun 2003, pg. 22.
  10. ^ ZMKB Progress (2004).Flight International.23-29 Nov 2004, pg.61
  11. ^ ENGINES (2008). DEFENSE and SECURITY (Russia). No. 100, September 10, 2008
  12. ^ D-436T1 at ivchenko-progress.com
  13. ^ Engine Directory: ZMKB Ivchenko Progress (1997). Flight International. September 24, 1997.
  14. ^ Russia, Central/Eastern Europe and China Turbofan and Turbojet Engines[permanent dead link]

Bibliography[edit]