From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
PresidentCiro Nogueira Lima Filho
FoundedApril 14, 1995 (as PPB)
April 4, 2003 (as PP)
Merger ofReform Progressive Party
Progressive Party
Split fromNational Reconstruction Party
HeadquartersSenado Federal - Anexo - 17º Andar, Brasília
São Paulo
Think tankFundação Milton Campos
Youth wingJovens Progressistas
Women's wingMulheres Progressistas
Black wingAfro Progressistas
IdeologyConservative liberalism[2][3]
National conservatism[4]
Brazilian nationalism[4]
Social conservatism[4]
Political positionCentre-right[2] to right-wing[5]
Colours  Sky blue
  Dark blue
TSE Identification Number11
Chamber of Deputies
47 / 513
Federal Senate
6 / 81
1 / 27
State Assemblies
70 / 1,060
City councillors
4,840 / 51,610
Election symbol

Progressistas (lit.'Progressives'; PP) is a centre-right[2] to right-wing political party in Brazil. Founded in 1995 as the Brazilian Progressive Party, it emerged from parties that were successors to ARENA, the ruling party of the Brazilian military dictatorship.[6] A pragmatist party, it supported the governments of presidents Fernando Henrique CardosoLuiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Dilma Rousseff, Michel Temer and Jair Bolsonaro. Largely it was the party of the politics of Paulo Maluf, a former governor and mayor of São Paulo. Of all political parties, in corruption investigation Operation Car Wash, the Progressistas had the most convictions.[7]

The party in recent years had fully embraced the right. In the 2018 Brazilian general election, the party supported the candidacy of Geraldo Alckmin. After the election, although they remained neutral in the second round, the party has almost fully supported the policies of Jair Bolsonaro, supporting his candidacy for president in 2022 and voting with him 93% of the time.[8]


The party's old logo.

Founded in 1995, as Brazilian Progressive Party (PPB), by the union of:

The party entered in coalition with the Brazilian Social Democracy Party and the Liberal Front Party, supporting President Fernando Henrique Cardoso in the 1998 Brazilian general election.

In the 2002 general election, the party informally supported the candidacy of Ciro Gomes in the first round and formally supported José Serra in the second round.

In 2003 the party re-changed its name to the Progressive Party. PP has also supported the Workers' Party-led government from 2003 to 2015.

At the parliamentary elections, held in October 2006, the party won 42 of the 513 seats in the chamber of deputies, and it has 1 of the 81 seats in the Senate. At the 2010 elections, PP won 41 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and made gains in the Senate for a total of 5 seats. It lost an extremely close gubernatorial runoff in Roraima to the PSDB, and won no state governorships.

In the 2010 elections , alliances between moderate and left-leaning parties took place in several places, such as in Bahia, where the PP was part of the PT candidate's coalition, having even nominated its vice governor.  About this type of coalition, the former mayor of São Paulo and former PT member Luísa Erundina declared, still in May 2010, that "It is sad, agonizing to see Maluf's PP with PCdoB. It's all the same." [9]

Bolsonaro and the party president Nogueira, 2021

Its most well-known politicians are Paulo Maluf, mayor and governor of São Paulo for several terms, Esperidião Amin, former governor of Santa Catarina and senator, and Francisco Dornelles, former minister of Labour and senator for the state of Rio de Janeiro.

The party has from its very beginning shown a tendency for regional division, with the section from Rio Grande do Sul state often threatening with secession, in part due to what is viewed by them as condescendence of the party's national direction towards members involved in corruption scandals, including Paulo Maluf (who has recently been discharged from his post as de facto leader of PP). The national orientation of the party has been one of close alliance with Lula's Workers' Party government (except on issues sensitive to the right wing core of PP, such as taxes)[citation needed], while the section of Rio Grande do Sul once more show a defiant stance in aligning itself more often with the opposition.

The Progressive Party supported the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff, splitting its alliance with the Worker's Party.

This party was most affected by the Petrobras corruption scandal, damaging its national popularity.[10]

The party supported the candidacy of Geraldo Alckmin in 2018, but did not endorse a candidate in the second round.

After the election, the party joined a coalition with the Republicanos and the Liberal Party to support Jair Bolsonaro in government.


The party has traditionally been, like many right-wing parties in Brazil, one of pragmatism and moderation, largely allying with larger left-wing parties.[11] The party's main positions in Congress have been that of business interests supporting lower taxation, highlighing those proposals in accordance with other economic growth principles of the left. When allied with the governments of Lula and Dilma, the party supported the Bolsa Familia program in confluence with tax cuts for economic growth.[12]

In more recent years however, the party has become more stridently national conservative, representing the less religious and less populist conservatism that existed in Brazil before the election of Bolsonaro. The party supported greater economic nationalism than some of its coalition partners and is generally less in support of the military than the Liberal Party. However, in general, the party supports Bolsonarismo, and many of his cabinet members are members or have joined the party.[13]

Notable Members[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

Legislative elections[edit]

Election Chamber of Deputies Federal Senate Role in government
Votes % Seats +/– Votes % Seats +/–
1998 7,558,601 11.35%
60 / 513
New 9,246,089 14.95%
3 / 81
New Coalition
2002 6,828,375 7.81%
48 / 513
Decrease 12 6,903,581 4.49%
1 / 81
Decrease 2 Coalition
2006 6,662,309 7.15%
42 / 513
Decrease 6 4,228,431 5.01%
1 / 81
Steady 0 Coalition
2010 6,330,062 6.55%
41 / 513
Decrease 1 9,170,015 5.38%
5 / 81
Increase 4 Independent
2014 6,429,791 6.61%
38 / 513
Decrease 3 1,931,738 2.16%
5 / 81
Steady 0 Coalition
2018 5,480,067 5.57%
37 / 513
Decrease 1 7,529,901 4.39%
6 / 81
Increase 1 Coalition
2022 8,704,341 7.90%
47 / 513
Increase 10 7,592,391 7.47%
7 / 81
Increase 2 Opposition
Sources: Election Resources, Dados Eleitorais do Brasil (1982–2006)


  1. ^ (Portuguese)"Eleitores filiados". inter04. Archived from the original on November 3, 2018. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Hartman, Hattie (2017). Brazil: Restructuring the Urban. John Wiley & Sons. p. 79.
  3. ^ Dirk Berg-Schlosser; Norbert Kersting (28 June 2003). Poverty and Democracy: Self-Help and Political Participation in Third World Cities. Zed Books. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-84277-205-8.
  4. ^ a b c "Partido Progressista afirma que quer atrair eleitor conservador". O Estado de S. Paulo.
  5. ^ Vasconcellos, Fábio (29 March 2016). "Maioria dos partidos se posiciona como de centro. Veja quem sobra no campo da Direita e da Esquerda" [Majority of the parties identify themselves as centrists. Check which ones identify as left-wing and right-wing] (in Portuguese). O Globo. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  6. ^ joaogado (2020-12-08). "Partidos em números: PP e PL". Pindograma. Retrieved 2022-09-16.
  7. ^ Benites, A. (2015-03-08). "Partido Progressista, o 'filho' da ditadura que coleciona escândalos". El País Brasil (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2022-09-16.
  8. ^ Avilés-Trigueros, Marcelino; Agudo Barriuso, Marta, eds. (2021-06-22). Research in Retina and Vision. S. Karger AG. doi:10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-07009-5. ISBN 978-3-318-07009-5. S2CID 241189341.
  9. ^ "Erundina diz que dá agonia ver PP ao lado do PCdoB - Política". Estadão (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2022-09-16.
  10. ^ "O Globo - A lista de investigados da Lava-Jato no STF".
  11. ^ Power, Timothy J.; Rodrigues-Silveira, Rodrigo (2019-02-07). "Mapping Ideological Preferences in Brazilian Elections, 1994-2018: A Municipal-Level Study". Brazilian Political Science Review. 13. doi:10.1590/1981-3821201900010001. ISSN 1981-3821. S2CID 159109936.
  12. ^ joaogado (2020-12-08). "Partidos em números: PP e PL". Pindograma. Retrieved 2022-09-16.
  13. ^ Benites, A. (2015-03-08). "Partido Progressista, o 'filho' da ditadura que coleciona escândalos". El País Brasil (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2022-09-16.
Preceded by Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
11 - PP
Succeeded by