Progressive Alliance

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Progressive Alliance
Progressive alliance logo.png
MottoFreedom, Justice, Solidarity
Formation14–15 December 2012 (first conference)
22 May 2013 (foundation)
PurposeGlobal network of social-democratic and progressive political parties and organisations
HeadquartersBerlin, Germany
Region served
Worldwide
Main organ
Conference of the Progressive Alliance
Websiteprogressive-alliance.info
Countries with participants of the PA; dark green as head of government, light green in opposition, gray with no member (As of July 2019) (Excluding Chile).

The Progressive Alliance (PA) is a political international of social-democratic, socialist and progressive political parties and organisations founded on 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.[1] The alliance was formed as an alternative to the existing Socialist International, of which many of its member parties are former or current members.[2] The Progressive Alliance claims 140 participants from around the world.

History[edit]

The first step towards the creation of the Progressive Alliance was the decision in January 2012 by Sigmar Gabriel, then chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), to cancel payment of the SPD's £100,000 yearly membership fee to the Socialist International. Gabriel had been critical of the Socialist International's admittance and continuing inclusion of undemocratic political movements into the organization.[3][4][5]

An initial Conference of the Progressive Alliance was held in Rome, Italy on 14–15 December 2012, with representatives of 42 political parties attending.[6][7] They included Pier Luigi Bersani, leader of the Democratic Party of Italy, Harlem Désir, Chair of the French Socialist Party, Hermes Binner, Chair of the Argentinian Socialist Party, Peter Shumlin, Democratic Governor of Vermont, and Mustapha Ben Jafar, Secretary General of the Tunisian Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties.[8] Also present were representatives of the Indian National Congress, the Workers' Party of Brazil, and PASOK of Greece.[9][10] The Dutch Labour Party also supported the formation of the organization,[11] as did the Swiss Socialist Party,[12] and the Social Democratic Party of Austria.[13]

During the Council of the Socialist International in Cascais, Portugal, on 4–5 February 2013, 50 political parties discussed on the sidelines the formation of the Progressive Alliance, including the Movement for Democratic Change of Zimbabwe.[14]

The official foundation of the organization was held on the 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany, on the 150th anniversary of the formation of the General German Workers' Association (ADAV), the predecessor of the SPD.[15][16][17][18][19] The organization stated the aim of becoming the global network of "the progressive, democratic, social-democratic, socialist and labour movement".[20][21] It was reported that representatives of approximately 70 social-democratic political parties from across the world attended the event.[22][23][24][25] The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) group in the European Parliament joined the organization upon its official foundation.[26] Many member parties are also affiliated to the Socialist International.[27] In September 2013 the Democratic Party of Cyprus (DIKO) announced that it was negotiating to join the Progressive Alliance and that its representatives were to attend a seminar of the international in Stockholm on 24 October.[28] On 4–5 December 2014, a Progressive Alliance conference was held in Lisbon for member parties of the S&D group.[29] A regional seminar was held on 25 September 2015 in Batu Ferringhi, Malaysia, which also hosted delegates from the Democratic Action Party of Malaysia, Democratic Party of Japan and Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle.[30] On 25 April 2016 the organisation held a seminar in São Paulo hosted by the Workers' Party of Brazil.[31]

Participants[edit]

The Progressive Alliance lists the parties and organisations which participate in the network, rather than claiming members.[32]

Country Party/Organization Acronym National Lower Houses Government Notes
 Algeria Socialist Forces Front FFS
14 / 462
In opposition
 Argentina Socialist Party PS
1 / 257
In opposition
 Argentina Generation for a National Encounter GEN
0 / 257
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Australia Australian Labor Party ALP
68 / 151
In opposition In government in Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory.
 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria SPÖ
40 / 183
In opposition Ruling at state-level in Burgenland, Carinthia and Vienna. In governing coalition in Lower Austria, Styria, Upper Austria.
 Bahrain National Democratic Action Society Waad
0 / 40
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Banned in its country as a terrorist organization in June 2017.
 Belarus Belarusian Social Democratic Party Hramada
0 / 110
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Belgium Socialist Party PS
20 / 150
Confidence and supply
 Belgium Socialist Party Differently sp.a
9 / 150
Confidence and supply
 Bolivia Movement for Socialism MAS
88 / 130
In opposition
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina SDP
4 / 42
In opposition
 Brazil Workers' Party PT
53 / 513
In opposition In government in the states of Bahia, Ceará, Piauí and Rio Grande do Norte.
 Brazil Brazilian Socialist Party PSB
32 / 513
In opposition
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party BSP
79 / 240
In opposition
 Burkina Faso People's Movement for Progress MPP
55 / 127
In government
 Burkina Faso Party for Democracy and Progress / Socialist Party PDP/PS
0 / 127
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Cameroon Social Democratic Front SDF
5 / 180
In opposition
 Canada New Democratic Party NDP
24 / 338
In opposition In government in the province of British Columbia.
 Central African Republic Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People MLPC
9 / 100
In opposition
 Chile Socialist Party of Chile PS
19 / 120
In opposition
 Chile Party for Democracy PPD
8 / 120
In opposition
 Costa Rica Citizens' Action Party PAC
10 / 57
In government
 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia SDP
34 / 151
In opposition
 Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy EDEK
3 / 56
In opposition
 Cyprus Democratic Party Diko
10 / 56
In opposition
 Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party ČSSD
14 / 200
Junior party in coalition
 Democratic Republic of Congo Union for Democracy and Social Progress UDPS
32 / 500
Junior party in coalition
 Denmark Social Democratic Party
48 / 179
In government
 Dominican Republic Modern Revolutionary Party PRM
90 / 190
In government
 East Timor Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor FRETILIN
23 / 65
In opposition
 Egypt Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDP
4 / 596
In opposition
 Equatorial Guinea Convergence for Social Democracy CPDS
1 / 100
In opposition
 Eritrea Eritrean People's Democratic Front EPDP
0 / 150
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Banned as a legal party due to the government being a one-party state.
 European Union Party of European Socialists PES
148 / 705
Junior party in coalition
 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland SDP
40 / 200
Senior party in coalition
 France Socialist Party PS
25 / 577
In opposition
 Georgia Georgian Dream
89 / 150
In government
 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD
152 / 709
Junior party in coalition
 Ghana National Democratic Congress NDC
106 / 275
In opposition
 Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement PASOK
19 / 300
In opposition
 Grenada National Democratic Congress NDC
0 / 15
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Guinea Guinean People's Assembly RPG
53 / 114
In government
 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party MSzP
15 / 199
In opposition
 India Indian National Congress INC
52 / 543
In opposition Ruling at state-level in Punjab, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Puducherry. In governing coalition in Maharashtra and Jharkhand.
 India Samajwadi Party SP
5 / 543
In opposition
 Indonesia National Democratic Party NasDem
59 / 575
Junior party in coalition
 Indonesia Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle PDIP
128 / 575
In government
 Iran Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan PDKI
0 / 290
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Iran Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan KPIK
0 / 290
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Iraq Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUK
18 / 329
In opposition
 Iraq Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party KSDP
0 / 329
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Ireland Labour Party
6 / 160
In opposition
 Israel Israeli Labor Party HaAvoda
3 / 120
Junior party in coalition Only 2 of the 3 current MK's support the ruling government.
 Israel Meretz
3 / 120
In opposition
 Italy Democratic Party PD
90 / 630
Junior party in coalition
 Ivory Coast Cap Union for Democracy and Development CAP-UDD
0 / 255
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Ivory Coast Freedom and Democracy for the Republic LIDER
0 / 255
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Jordan Jordanian Social Democratic Party KPK
0 / 130
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Kenya Labour Party of Kenya KLP
0 / 320
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Latvia Concord Social Democratic Party SDPS
22 / 100
In opposition
 Lebanon Progressive Socialist Party PSP
9 / 128
In opposition
 Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania LSDP
8 / 141
In opposition
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party LSAP
10 / 60
Junior party in coalition
 Malaysia Democratic Action Party DAP
42 / 222
In opposition
 Mauritania Rally of Democratic Forces RFD
6 / 95
In opposition
 Mauritius Mauritius Militant Movement MMM
7 / 69
In opposition
 Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution PRD
11 / 500
In opposition In government in the state of Michoacán.
 Mexico Citizens' Movement MC
28 / 500
In opposition
 Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova PDM
23 / 101
Junior party in coalition
 Mongolia Mongolian People's Party MPP
62 / 76
In government
 Montenegro Social Democratic Party of Montenegro SDP
4 / 81
In opposition
 Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro DPS
35 / 81
Senior party in coalition
 Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces USFP
20 / 395
In opposition
 Myanmar Democratic Party for a New Society DPNS
0 / 224
Extra-parliamentary opposition
   Nepal Nepali Congress NC
63 / 275
In opposition
 Netherlands Labour Party PvdA
9 / 150
In opposition Ruling at provincial-level in Drenthe, Flevoland and Utrecht.
 New Zealand New Zealand Labour Party NZLP
46 / 120
Senior party in coalition
 Nicaragua Sandinista Renovation Movement MRS
0 / 92
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism PNDS
75 / 171
Senior party in coalition
 North Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia SDSM
31 / 120
Senior party in coalition
 Northern Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTP
12 / 50
In opposition Northern Cyprus is not a UN-recognized state.
 Norway Norwegian Labour Party Ap
49 / 169
In opposition
 Palestine Fatah
45 / 132
In government
 Palestine Palestinian National Initiative PNI
2 / 132
In opposition
 Paraguay Party for a Country of Solidarity PPS
0 / 80
In opposition Has 6 senators in the upper chamber.
 Philippines Akbayan Citizens' Action Party
0 / 304
In opposition Has 1 senator in the upper chamber.
 Poland Democratic Left Alliance SLD
24 / 460
In opposition
 Portugal Socialist Party PS
108 / 230
In government
 Republic of Congo Citizens' Convergence CC
0 / 151
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Romania Social Democratic Party PSD
139 / 329
In opposition
 Sao Tome and Principe Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party MLSTP-PSD
23 / 55
Senior party in coalition
 Senegal Socialist Party of Senegal PS
0 / 150
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Serbia Democratic Party DS
0 / 250
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Singapore Workers' Party of Singapore WP
10 / 104
In opposition
 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy Smer-SD
26 / 150
In opposition
 Slovenia Social Democrats SD
10 / 90
In opposition
 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party PSOE
120 / 350
Senior party in coalition
 Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Labour Party SLP
6 / 17
In opposition
 Swaziland People’s United Democratic Movement PUDEMO
0 / 66
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Swaziland Swazi Democratic Party SWADEPA
0 / 66
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party SAP
100 / 349
Senior party in coalition
  Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland SP
39 / 200
Junior party in coalition
 Syria Syrian Democratic People's Party
0 / 250
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Tanzania Chama Cha Mapinduzi CCM
287 / 393
In government
 Tunisia Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties Ettakatol
0 / 217
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Turkey Peoples' Democratic Party HDP
58 / 600
In opposition
 Turkey Republican People's Party CHP
138 / 600
In opposition
 United Kingdom Labour Party Lab
202 / 650
In opposition In control of the Welsh Parliament and London Assembly.
 United States Democratic Party D
232 / 435
In opposition In control of the House of Representatives.
 Uruguay Socialist Party of Uruguay PSU
42 / 99
In opposition
 Western Sahara Polisario Front
53 / 53
One-party state Due to its conflict with Morocco over its sovereignty, Western Sahara's constitution currently links formation of government power to this party inherently.
 Yemen Yemeni Socialist Party YSP
8 / 301
In opposition
 Zimbabwe Movement for Democratic Change MDC
88 / 210
In opposition
Africa Central African Progressive Alliance APAC
The Americas Center for American Progress CAP
The Americas Trade Union Confederation of the Americas CSA
Asia Network of Social Democracy in Asia SOCDEM
Asia Arab Social Democratic Forum ASDF
Europe Party of European Socialists Women PES Women
Europe Young European Socialists YES
Europe Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats S&D
Europe Foundation for European Progressive Studies FEPS
Europe Socialist Group in the Council of Europe SOC
Europe European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity
International Socialist International Women SIW
International International Union of Socialist Youth IUSY
International International Trade Union Confederation ITUC
International National Democratic Institute for International Affairs NDI
International Olof Palme International Center OPIC
International Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD TUAC
International Association for Democratic Socialism
International CEE Gender Network
International Global Progressive Forum
International Industrial Global Union
International Just Jobs Network
International Solidar

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jean-Jacques Lambin (2014). Rethinking the Market Economy: New Challenges, New Ideas, New Opportunities. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 269. ISBN 978-1-137-39291-6.
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  29. ^ "Progressive Alliance Parliamentarian Conference – Decent Work and Education: Investing in Equal Opportunities for All". Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  30. ^ "Global democratic leaders demand Anwar's release, persecution of government critics to stop". 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2016-09-20.
  31. ^ "Folha de S.Paulo – Internacional – En – Brazil – Lula Promises to Fight Rousseff's Impeachment at Progressive Alliance Seminar – 26/04/2016". www1.folha.uol.com.br. Retrieved 2016-09-20.
  32. ^ "Parties & Organisations". Retrieved 2 June 2017.

External links[edit]