Progressive Alliance

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Progressive Alliance
Progressive Alliance.svg
AbbreviationPA
Formation
  • 14–15 December 2012 (first conference)
  • 22 May 2013 (foundation)
PurposeGlobal network of social democratic, socialist, and progressive political parties and organisations
HeadquartersBerlin, Germany
Region served
Worldwide
Main organ
Conference of the Progressive Alliance
Websiteprogressive-alliance.info
Countries with participants of the PA; dark green as head of government, light green in opposition, gray with no member (As of February 2021)

The Progressive Alliance (PA) is a political international of social democratic and progressive political parties and organisations founded on 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.[1] The alliance was formed as an alternative to the existing Socialist International, of which many of its member parties are former or current members.[2] The Progressive Alliance claims 140 participants from around the world.

History[edit]

The first step towards the creation of the Progressive Alliance was the decision in January 2012 by Sigmar Gabriel, then chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), to cancel payment of the SPD's £100,000 yearly membership fee to the Socialist International. Gabriel had been critical of the Socialist International's admittance and continuing inclusion of undemocratic political movements into the organization.[3][4][5]

An initial Conference of the Progressive Alliance was held in Rome, Italy, on 14–15 December 2012, with representatives of 42 political parties attending.[6][7] They included Pier Luigi Bersani, leader of the Democratic Party of Italy; Harlem Désir, Chair of the French Socialist Party; Hermes Binner, Chair of the Argentine Socialist Party; Peter Shumlin, Democratic Governor of Vermont; and Mustapha Ben Jafar, Secretary General of the Tunisian Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties.[8] Also present were representatives of the Indian National Congress, the Workers' Party of Brazil, and PASOK of Greece.[9][10] The Dutch Labour Party also supported the formation of the organization,[11] as did the Swiss Socialist Party,[12] and the Social Democratic Party of Austria.[13]

During the Council of the Socialist International in Cascais, Portugal, on 4–5 February 2013, 50 political parties discussed on the sidelines the formation of the Progressive Alliance, including the Movement for Democratic Change of Zimbabwe.[14]

The official foundation of the organization was held on 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany, on the 150th anniversary of the formation of the General German Workers' Association (ADAV), the predecessor of the SPD.[15][16][17][18][19] The organization stated the aim of becoming the global network of "the progressive, democratic, social-democratic, socialist and labour movement".[20][21] It was reported that representatives of approximately 70 social-democratic political parties from across the world attended the event.[22][23][24] The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) group in the European Parliament joined the organization upon its official foundation.[25] Many member parties are also affiliated to the Socialist International.[26] In September 2013 the Democratic Party of Cyprus (DIKO) announced that it was negotiating to join the Progressive Alliance and that its representatives were to attend a seminar of the international in Stockholm on 24 October.[27] The Democratic Party of Korea was a founding member but withdrew in 2016. The Korean Justice Party currently participates as an observer.

On 4–5 December 2014, a Progressive Alliance conference was held in Lisbon for member parties of the S&D group.[28] A regional seminar was held on 25 September 2015 in Batu Ferringhi, Malaysia, which also hosted delegates from the Democratic Action Party of Malaysia, Democratic Party of Japan and Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle.[29] On 25 April 2016 the organisation held a seminar in São Paulo hosted by the Workers' Party of Brazil.[30]

Participants[edit]

The Progressive Alliance lists the parties and organisations which participate in the network, rather than claiming members.[31]

Country Party/Organization Abbreviation National Lower Houses Government Notes
 Algeria Socialist Forces Front FFS
14 / 462
In opposition
 Argentina Socialist Party PS
1 / 257
In opposition
Generation for a National Encounter GEN
0 / 257
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Australia Australian Labor Party ALP
68 / 151
In opposition In government in Australian Capital Territory, Northern Territory, Queensland, Victoria and Western Australia.
 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria SPÖ
40 / 183
In opposition Ruling at state-level in Burgenland, Carinthia, Vienna.
 Bahrain National Democratic Action Society Waad
0 / 40
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Banned in its country as a terrorist organization as of 2017.
 Belarus Belarusian Social Democratic Party Hramada
0 / 110
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Belgium Socialist Party PS
20 / 150
In coalition
Forward sp.a
9 / 150
In coalition
 Bolivia Movement for Socialism MAS
75 / 130
In government
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina SDP
4 / 42
In opposition
 Brazil Workers' Party PT
53 / 513
In opposition In government in Bahia, Ceará, Piauí and Rio Grande do Norte.
Brazilian Socialist Party PSB
32 / 513
In opposition
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party BSP
43 / 240
In opposition
 Burkina Faso People's Movement for Progress MPP
56 / 127
In government
 Cameroon Social Democratic Front SDF
5 / 180
In opposition
 Canada New Democratic Party NDP/NPD
24 / 338
In opposition In government in the province of British Columbia.
 Central African Republic Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People MLPC
9 / 100
In opposition
 Chile Socialist Party of Chile PS
19 / 120
In opposition
Party for Democracy PPD
8 / 120
In opposition
 Costa Rica Citizens' Action Party PAC
10 / 57
In government
 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia SDP
34 / 151
In opposition
 Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy EDEK
4 / 56
In opposition
Democratic Party Diko
9 / 56
In opposition
 Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party ČSSD
14 / 200
In coalition
 Democratic Republic of Congo Union for Democracy and Social Progress UDPS
32 / 500
In opposition
 Denmark Social Democratic Party
49 / 179
In government
 Dominican Republic Modern Revolutionary Party PRM
88 / 190
In government
 East Timor Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor FRETILIN
23 / 65
In coalition
 Egypt Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDP
7 / 596
In opposition
 Equatorial Guinea Convergence for Social Democracy CPDS
1 / 100
In opposition
 Eritrea Eritrean People's Democratic Front EPDF
0 / 150
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Banned as a legal party due to country being a one-party state.
 Eswatini People’s United Democratic Movement PUDEMO
0 / 66
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Swazi Democratic Party SWADEPA
0 / 66
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland SDP
40 / 200
In coalition
 France Socialist Party PS
25 / 577
In opposition
 Georgia Georgian Dream
84 / 150
In government
 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD
152 / 709
In coalition
 Ghana National Democratic Congress NDC
137 / 275
In opposition
 Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement PASOK
19 / 300
In opposition Affiliated with Movement for Change in national parliament.
 Grenada National Democratic Congress NDC
0 / 15
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Guinea Guinean People's Assembly RPG
79 / 114
In government
 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party MSzP
15 / 199
In opposition
 India Indian National Congress INC
52 / 543
In opposition In government in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.
Samajwadi Party SP
5 / 543
In opposition
 Indonesia Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle PDI-P
128 / 575
In government
National Democratic Party NasDem
59 / 575
In government
 Iran Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan PDKI
0 / 290
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan KPIK
0 / 290
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Iraq Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUK
18 / 329
In opposition
Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party KSDP
0 / 329
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Ireland Labour Party
7 / 160
In opposition
 Israel Israeli Labor Party HaAvoda
7 / 120
In government
Meretz
6 / 120
In government
 Italy Democratic Party PD
93 / 630
In coalition
 Ivory Coast Cap Union for Democracy and Development CAP-UDD
0 / 255
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Freedom and Democracy for the Republic LIDER
0 / 255
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Jordan Jordanian Social Democratic Party KPK
0 / 130
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Kenya Labour Party of Kenya KLP
0 / 320
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Kosovo Vetëvendosje LV
59 / 120
In government Kosovo is recognized by 98 out of 193 UN member states.
 Latvia Social Democratic Party "Harmony" SDPS
19 / 100
In opposition
 Lebanon Progressive Socialist Party PSP
6 / 128
In opposition
 Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania LSDP
13 / 141
In opposition
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party LSAP
10 / 60
In coalition
 Malaysia Democratic Action Party DAP
42 / 222
In opposition In government in the states of Negeri Sembilan, Penang and Selangor.
 Mauritania Rally of Democratic Forces RFD
6 / 95
In opposition
 Mauritius Mauritius Militant Movement MMM
7 / 69
In opposition
 Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution PRD
17 / 500
In opposition In government in the states of Michoacán and Quintana Roo.
Citizens' Movement MC
25 / 500
In opposition
 Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova PDM
0 / 101
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Mongolia Mongolian People's Party MPP
62 / 76
In government
 Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro DPS
29 / 81
In opposition
Social Democratic Party of Montenegro SDP
2 / 81
In opposition
 Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces USFP
20 / 395
In opposition
 Myanmar Democratic Party for a New Society DPNS
0 / 440
Extra-parliamentary opposition
   Nepal Nepali Congress NC
63 / 275
In government
 Netherlands Labour Party PvdA
9 / 150
In opposition
 New Zealand New Zealand Labour Party NZLP
65 / 120
In government
 Nicaragua Sandinista Renovation Movement MRS
0 / 92
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism PNDS
79 / 171
In coalition
 North Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia SDSM
31 / 120
In coalition
 Northern Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTP
12 / 50
In opposition Northern Cyprus is not a UN-recognized state.
 Norway Norwegian Labour Party Ap
49 / 169
In opposition
 Palestine Fatah
45 / 132
In government
Palestinian National Initiative PNI
2 / 132
In opposition
 Paraguay Party for a Country of Solidarity PPS
0 / 80
In opposition Affiliated with Guasú Front in national parliament.
 Philippines Akbayan Citizens' Action Party
0 / 304
In opposition One senator in the popularly-elected upper chamber, Senate of the Philippines.
 Poland Democratic Left Alliance SLD
24 / 460
In opposition
 Portugal Socialist Party PS
108 / 230
In government
 Republic of Congo Citizens' Convergence CC
0 / 151
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Romania Social Democratic Party PSD
110 / 330
In opposition
 Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Labour Party SLP
13 / 17
In government
 Sao Tome and Principe Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party MLSTP-PSD
23 / 55
In coalition
 Senegal Socialist Party of Senegal PS
0 / 150
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Serbia Democratic Party DS
0 / 250
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy Smer-SD
26 / 150
In opposition
 Slovenia Social Democrats SD
12 / 90
In opposition
 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party PSOE
120 / 350
In coalition
 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party SAP
100 / 349
In coalition
  Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland SP
39 / 200
In coalition
 Syria Syrian Democratic People's Party
0 / 250
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Tanzania Chama Cha Mapinduzi CCM
287 / 393
In government
 Tunisia Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties Ettakatol
0 / 217
Extra-parliamentary opposition
 Turkey Republican People's Party CHP
136 / 600
In opposition
Peoples' Democratic Party HDP
55 / 600
In opposition
 United Kingdom Labour Party
199 / 650
In opposition
 United States Democratic Party
220 / 435
In government
 Uruguay Socialist Party of Uruguay PSU
42 / 99
In opposition Affiliated with Broad Front in national parliament.
 Western Sahara Polisario Front
53 / 53
One-party state Western Sahara is not a UN-recognized state.
 Yemen Yemeni Socialist Party YSP
8 / 301
In opposition
 Zimbabwe Movement for Democratic Change MDC
88 / 210
In opposition
Africa Central African Progressive Alliance APAC
The Americas Center for American Progress CAP
Trade Union Confederation of the Americas CSA
Asia Network of Social Democracy in Asia SOCDEM
Arab Social Democratic Forum ASDF
Europe Party of European Socialists PES
Party of European Socialists Women PES Women
Young European Socialists YES
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats S&D
Foundation for European Progressive Studies FEPS
Socialist Group in the Council of Europe SOC
European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity
International Socialist International Women SIW
International Union of Socialist Youth IUSY
International Trade Union Confederation ITUC
National Democratic Institute for International Affairs NDI
Olof Palme International Center OPIC
Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD TUAC
Association for Democratic Socialism
CEE Gender Network
Global Progressive Forum
Industrial Global Union
Just Jobs Network
Solidar

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jean-Jacques Lambin (2014). Rethinking the Market Economy: New Challenges, New Ideas, New Opportunities. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 269. ISBN 978-1-137-39291-6.
  2. ^ Talbot C. Imlay (2018). The Practice of Socialist Internationalism: European Socialists and International Politics, 1914–1960. Oxford University Press. p. 465. ISBN 978-0-19-964104-8.
  3. ^ "SPD will Sozialistischer Internationale den Geldhahn zudrehen und den Mitgliedsbeitrag nicht zahlen". Der Spiegel. 22 January 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  4. ^ Sigmar Gabriel (3 February 2011). "Gastbeitrag: Keine Kumpanei mit Despoten". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  5. ^ Christian Salm (2016). Transnational Socialist Networks in the 1970s: European Community Development Aid and Southern Enlargement. Palgrave Macmillan UK. p. xiv. ISBN 978-1-137-55120-7.
  6. ^ Redaktion neues deutschland. "16.12.2012: Sozialdemokraten gründen neue Internationale". NeuesDeutschland. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Progressive Alliance Conference". Partito Democratico. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Sigmar Gabriel in Rom" (in German). Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD). Archived from the original on 10 March 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  9. ^ "Progressive Allianz" (in German). Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD). 22 February 1999. Archived from the original on 8 June 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  10. ^ "Tense Pasok leadership meeting concludes". Enetenglish.gr. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  11. ^ "PvdA steunt oprichting Progressive Alliance". PvdA. 19 December 2012. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  12. ^ Masmejan, Denis (16 May 2013). "Le PS suisse rompt avec l'Internationale socialiste". Le Temps (in French). Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  13. ^ "Sozialdemokraten wollen Sozialistische Internationale entmachten". Kurier. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  14. ^ "Zimbabwe: Socialist International Calls for Reforms in Zimbabwe". allAfrica.com. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  15. ^ "Social Democrats Seek Revival on 150th b-day". The Local. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  16. ^ Borriss, Gernot (10 May 2013). "Sozialistisch war gestern, progressiv ist heute: SPD lädt zur Gründung eines internationalen Parteiennetzwerkes nach Leipzig". Leipziger Zeitung. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  17. ^ Von Aert van Riel (16 April 2013). "07.05.2013: SPD spaltet Internationale". neues-deutschland.de. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  18. ^ Quadbeck, Eva (17 May 2013). "Berlin: Kanzlerin kommt zur 150-Jahr-Feier der SPD". Nachrichten.rp-online.de. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  19. ^ "Gabriel hofft durch Parteijubiläum auf Motivationsschub". Donaukurier.de. 16 May 2013. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  20. ^ "Basic document". Progressive Alliance. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  21. ^ "A Progressive Network for the 21st Century" (PDF). Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2014.
  22. ^ "Sozialdemokratische Parteien gründen neues Bündnis". Deutsche Welle. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  23. ^ "Bruderzwist unter Sozialisten". Süddeutsche Zeitung. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  24. ^ "Geschichte: Mehr als 70 sozialdemokratische Parteien bilden Progressive Alliance". Die Welt. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  25. ^ "S&D Group joins new Progressive Alliance – 'the network of progressive forces for the 21st century'". Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ Lamb, Peter, ed. (2015). Historical Dictionary of Socialism. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 436. ISBN 978-1-4422-5827-3.
  27. ^ "Το ΔΗ.ΚΟ. συνδέεται με την "Προοδευτική Συμμαχία"". DIKO. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  28. ^ "Progressive Alliance Parliamentarian Conference – Decent Work and Education: Investing in Equal Opportunities for All". Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  29. ^ "Global democratic leaders demand Anwar's release, persecution of government critics to stop". 25 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  30. ^ "Lula Promises to Fight Rousseff's Impeachment at Progressive Alliance Seminar". Folha de S.Paulo. 26 April 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  31. ^ "Parties & Organisations". Retrieved 2 June 2017.

External links[edit]