Progressive Republican Party (Turkey)

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Progressive Republican Party
Terakkiperver Cumhuriyet Fırkası
President and Founder Kâzım Karabekir
Founded September 17, 1924 (1924-09-17)
Dissolved June 5, 1925 (1925-06-05)
Headquarters Ankara, Turkey
Ideology Liberal democracy
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation None
Colours      Red

The Progressive Republican Party (Turkish: Terakkiperver Cumhuriyet Fırkası, ترقی‌پرور جمهوریت فرقه‌سی) was a political party in Turkey between 1924 and 1925.[1] It was established by Ali Fuat (Cebesoy) Pasha, Kâzım Karabekir, Refet (Bele) Pasha, Rauf (Orbay) Bey and Adnan (Adıvar) Bey upon President Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) Pasha's request on 17 November 1924, but was later banned on 5 June 1925 after the Sheikh Said Rebellion.


On domestic policy, the party supported a liberal democracy, but was blamed by the government for being the vehicle of Islamists in attempting subvert the newly established government. The leader of the party was retired General Kâzım Karabekir. After Mustafa Kemal Pasha blamed Karabekir of the Sheikh Said Rebellion and the assassination attempt made on himself in İzmir, the party was closed on 5 June by the government. As a consequence, Karabekir and many members of the party were court-martialed and imprisoned, although he was later released. However, he was kept under house arrest along with 82 members of the opposition for two decades. During the presidency of İsmet İnönü, he was chosen as a member of Parliament and was elected as the Speaker of the National Assembly after the end of World War II.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Myron E. Weiner, Ergun Özbudun (1987) Competitive Elections in Developing Countries, Duke University Press, p337