Technical death metal

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Technical death metal (also known as tech-death, progressive death metal, or prog-death)[2] is a musical subgenre of death metal that began and developed in the early- to mid-1990s, with particular focus on challenging, demanding instrumental skill and complex songwriting.

History[edit]

Technical experimentation in death metal began in the late 1980s and early 1990s by bands such as Death, Atrocity, Atheist and Cynic.[3]

Some of the distinct features of this genre include dynamic song structures, complex and atypical rhythmic structures, abundant use of diminished chords and arpeggios, frequent employment of odd time chord progressions and constant use of string skipping on the guitars. Bass lines are usually complex and the drums are extremely fast-paced with abundant use of blast-beats and other extreme drumming techniques.

One of the key works that cemented this subgenre was Atheist's debut album Piece of Time, released in 1989, which took death metal into a more intricate level while incorporating influences ranging from jazz fusion to progressive metal. In 1991, New York's grindcore-influenced Suffocation released their debut album Effigy of the Forgotten, which focused on pairing speed and brutality with a "sophisticated" sense of songwriting. Atheist's second album, Unquestionable Presence, Pestilence's third album, Testimony of the Ancients; and Death's fourth album, Human, were all released that very same year. Human and later Death albums have proven especially influential on later 1990s technical death metal bands.[3]

List of bands[edit]

The band Necrophagist performing in Germany in 2010
Band Country Formed Notes
Anata Sweden 1993 [4]
Archspire Canada 2009
Arsis U.S. 2000 [3][5]
Atheist U.S. 1984 [3]
Atrocity Germany 1985 [6]
Augury Canada 2001 [7]
Becoming the Archetype U.S. 1999 [8]
Beneath the Massacre Canada 2004 [9][10]
Between the Buried and Me U.S. 2000 [11]
Beyond Creation Canada 2005 [12]
Brain Drill U.S. 2005 [7][13][14][15]
Burning the Masses U.S. 2005 [16]
Cephalic Carnage U.S. 1992 [17]
Coprofago Chile 1993 [18]
Cryptopsy Canada 1992 [3][19][20][21]
Cynic U.S. 1987 [3]
Death U.S. 1983 [3][22]
Decapitated Poland 1996 [23]
Decrepit Birth U.S. 2001 [24]
Despised Icon Canada 2002 [25]
Dying Fetus U.S. 1991 [26]
Extol Norway 1994 [27]
The Faceless U.S. 2004 [28]
Gojira France 1996 [29]
Gorguts Canada 1989 [3][30]
In Battle Sweden 1996 [31]
Into the Moat U.S. 2001 [32]
Knights of the Abyss U.S. 2005 [33]
Man Must Die United Kingdom 2002 [34]
Necrophagist Germany 1992 [3][35]
Neuraxis Canada 1994 [3][36]
Nile U.S. 1993 [37]
Nocturnus U.S. 1987 [38]
Obscura Germany 2002 [7]
Odious Mortem U.S. 1998 [39]
Opeth Sweden 1990 [40]
Origin U.S. 1997 [41]
Pestilence Netherlands 1986 [42]
Psycroptic Australia 1999 [43][44][45]
Punish Switzerland 1996 [46]
The Red Chord U.S. 1999 [47]
Revocation U.S. 2006 [48]
Revulsed Australia 2010 [49]
Rings of Saturn U.S. 2009 [50]
Spawn of Possession Sweden 1997 [51]
Structural Israel 2015 [52]
Suffocation U.S. 1989 [53]
Trigger the Bloodshed United Kingdom 2006 [54]
Ulcerate New Zealand 2000 [55]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "100 Greatest Technical Death Metal Bands And Technical Thrash Metal Bands". 2015-05-08. Retrieved 2018-03-19. 
  2. ^ Simms, Kelley. "Obscura Interview". About.com. Archived from the original on 2013-11-05. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Freeman, Phil. "The Man-Machine Will Rock You: The Existential Paradox of Technical Death Metal". The High Hat. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  4. ^ Bowar, Chad. "The Conductor's Departure review". About.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  5. ^ Harris, Chris. "Arsis May Cancel Tour after Trailer Wreck". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  6. ^ "Atrocity". laut.de. Retrieved 28 October 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c Marsicano, Don. "Augury – 'Fragmentary Evidence'". About.com. Retrieved 2009-11-22. 
  8. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Becoming The Archetype - I Am Review". About.com. Archived from the original (Web) on November 18, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  9. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "Metal File: Satyricon, Trivium, Heaven Shall Burn, Brutal Truth & More News That Rules". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  10. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Beneath the Massacre". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  11. ^ Donnelly, Dave. "The Parallax II: Future Sequence - Between the Buried and Me". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  12. ^ "Beyond Creation". AllMusic. Retrieved 2017-01-02. 
  13. ^ Harris, Chris & Widerhorn, Jon. "Brain Drill Raise The Death-Metal Bar; Plus Iron Maiden, Walls of Jericho & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  14. ^ Bowar, Chad. "February 2008 Best Heavy Metal CDs". About.com. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  15. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Apocalyptic Feasting review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  16. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Mind Control - Burning the Masses". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  17. ^ Adrien Begrand. "Cephalic Carnage Xenosapien". PopMatters. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  18. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Coprofago". AllMusic. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  19. ^ Harris, Chris. "Cryptopsy Drummer Dismisses Sell-Out Claims; Plus Sepultura & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  20. ^ Robinson, Iann. "Metal File: Hard & Heavy News On Judas Priest, Vader, Fireball Ministry, Children of Bodom, Cryptopsy & More". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  21. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "36 Crazyfists Pounding Away on Next Album; Plus Anthrax, Ipsissimus & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  22. ^ Pratt, Greg. Symbolic review. Revolver. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  23. ^ "Decapitated". NME. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  24. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Polarity - Decrepit Birth". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  25. ^ "Despised Icon review". AllMusic. 
  26. ^ "Dying Fetus Descend into Depravity Review – Review of Descend into Depravity by Dying Fetus". Heavymetal.about.com. 2010-06-14. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  27. ^ Born, R. "Extol". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2009-09-30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  28. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Meshuggah Tour Dates". About.com. Archived from the original on 2009-12-13. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  29. ^ Lissa Brennan, With French death-metal pioneers Gojira, the lyrics matter as much as the blastbeats, pittsburghcitypaper.ws, October 15, 2009
  30. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Top 5 Most Underrated Death Metal Albums from Charles Elliott of Abysmal Dawn". About.com. Archived from the original on 2009-04-23. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  31. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Kingdom of Fear review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-11-22. 
  32. ^ Falzon, Denise. "The Campaign review". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on 2009-06-03. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  33. ^ Henderson, Alex. "The Culling of Wolves review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  34. ^ Ogle, Ryan. "No Tolerance for Imperfection (Relapse)". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  35. ^ York, William. "Epitaph review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  36. ^ Bowar, Chad. "The Thin Line Between review". About.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  37. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "Metal File: In This Moment, Behemoth, Nile & More News That Rules". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  38. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Nocturnus". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  39. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Cryptic Implosion review". About.com. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  40. ^ Sharp-Young, Gary and Yura. "Opeth". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 2011-09-19. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  41. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Antithesis review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  42. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Resurrection Macabre review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  43. ^ Unknown. "PSYCROPTIC: Orangevale Footage Available – Apr. 12, 2009". Blabbermouth.net. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  44. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Psycroptic". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  45. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Ob(servant) review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  46. ^ Vanessa. "UNTER DEM RADAR: PUNISH (TECHNICAL DEATH METAL)". Retrieved 2018-06-03. 
  47. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Fed Through the Teeth Machine – The Red Chord". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  48. ^ Hartmann, Graham 'Gruhamed'. "No. 45: Revocation, 'Dismantle the Dictator' – Top 21st Century Metal Songs". Loudwire. Retrieved 2013-01-04. 
  49. ^ F, Daniel (November 2015). "Revulsed – Infernal Atrocity". Whiskey Soda (in German). Retrieved October 22, 2016. 
  50. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Rings of Saturn biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-11-22. 
  51. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Incurso - Spawn of Possession". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  52. ^ "Metal Archives - Structural". Metal Archives. Retrieved 28 June 2018. 
  53. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. Effigy of the Forgotten. AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  54. ^ Dan Marsicano, "(...) technical death metal ala Suffocation and Nile", Trigger The Bloodshed – 'The Great Depression' at About.com
  55. ^ "Ulcerate: Vermis Album Review - Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 18 January 2018.