Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985
|Long title||An Act to prohibit female circumcision.|
|Citation||1985 c. 38|
|Introduced by||Lord Kennet|
|Territorial extent||England and Wales; Scotland; Northern Ireland|
|Royal assent||16 July 1985|
|Commencement||16 September 1985|
|Repealed by||Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 (E+W+NI), Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005|
|Text of statute as originally enacted|
|Revised text of statute as amended|
The Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985 (c. 38) is a repealed Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It made female genital mutilation a crime throughout the UK, allowing for sentences of up to five years' imprisonment. It was introduced to the House of Lords by Wayland Young, 2nd Baron Kennet, and passed on 16 July 1985, coming into force two months later.
No one was ever successfully prosecuted under the Act, but a medical practitioner was stricken from the Medical Register in 1993 for having performed the procedure. The Act was replaced by the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005 in Scotland, both of which extend the legislation to cover acts committed by UK nationals outside of the UK's borders, so that it became a crime to take a girl abroad to undergo FGM.
- First reading of Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act, Hansard, 2 March 1983
- S. 1(2)
- S. 4
- Kerbaj, Richard (16 March 2009). "Thousands of girls mutilated in Britain". Times Online.
- Black JA, Debelle GD (June 1995). "Female genital mutilation in Britain". BMJ. 310 (6994): 1590–2. doi:10.1136/bmj.310.6994.1590. PMC 2549951. PMID 7787654.
- Text of the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk.