Project 985

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Map showing major universities in Mainland China. Universities of Project 985 are marked in blue (C-9 league schools are marked in red and all of them are Project 985 schools too.)

Project 985 (Chinese: 985工程; pinyin: Jiǔbāwǔ gōngchéng) is a project that was first announced by CPC General secretary and Chinese President Jiang Zemin at the 100th anniversary of Peking University on May 4, 1998, to promote the development and reputation of the Chinese higher education system by founding world-class universities in the 21st century.[1] The name derives from the date of the announcement, May 1998, or 98/5 according to the Chinese date format.[2] The project involves both national and local governments allocating large amounts of funding to certain universities[3] in order to build new research centers, improve facilities, hold international conferences, attract world-renowned faculty and visiting scholars, and help Chinese faculty attend conferences abroad.[4]

In 2009, the original 9 founding member universities of Project 985 formed the C9 League,[4] which is referred to as the Chinese equivalent of the US Ivy League.[5] By the end of the second phase of the project, 39 universities were sponsored. It was announced in 2011 that the project has closed its doors, and no more new schools will be able to join in.[6]

In September 2017, a related plan called the Double First Class University Plan was announced.[7][8] It was unclear whether this plan represents a new way of ranking universities in China,[7] or replaces Project 211 and Project 985.[8]

List of sponsored universities[edit]

There are 39 universities sponsored by Project 985.[9][10] The project also assigned funding to each university.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Project 985,The University of Edinburgh
  2. ^ "Project 211 and 985". China Education Center Ltd. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  3. ^ "985工程". Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  4. ^ a b "International Rankings and Chinese Higher Education Reform". World Education News and Reviews. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  5. ^ "9所首批"985工程"建设高校签订《一流大学人才培养合作与交流协议书》". Archived from the original on 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-10-09.
  6. ^ "Ministry of Education: no new "211" "985" project of the school". Retrieved 2011-12-30.
  7. ^ a b "China to develop 42 world-class universities". People's Daily. 21 September 2017.
  8. ^ a b "双一流大学 (shuāngyīliú dàxué): Double top university plan". Archived from the original on 2017-09-25.
  9. ^ "985工程一期重点共建". Ministry of Education PR CHINA. Retrieved 2010-08-28.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "985工程二期重点共建". Ministry of Education PR CHINA. Retrieved 2010-08-28.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "985工程重点共建协议对各大学的定位". Retrieved 2010-08-28.