Project 985

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Map showing major universities in Mainland China. Universities of Project 985 are marked in blue

Project 985 (Chinese: 985工程; pinyin: Jiǔbāwǔ gōngchéng) was a project that was first announced by General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party Jiang Zemin at the 100th anniversary of Peking University on May 4, 1998, to promote the development and reputation of the Chinese higher education system by founding world-class universities in the 21st century.[1] The name derives from the date of the announcement, May 1998, or 98/5 according to the Chinese date format.[2] The project involves both national and local governments allocating large amounts of funding to certain universities in order to build new research centers, improve facilities, hold international conferences, attract world-renowned faculty and visiting scholars, and help Chinese faculty attend conferences abroad.[3] According to the latest rankings of the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and the U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking, most of the 39 universities in the Project 985 are ranked among the top 500 universities in the world.[4][5][6]

In 2006, another 33 universities were selected from the remaining project 211 universities that had not been included into the Project 985. The 33 selected universities are jointly sponsored by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China to support their developments under certain scientific or engineering subjects to meet the urgent need of the state. These 33 universities together are included in a sub-project of the Project 985, called the 985 Project Innovation Platform Project.

In 2009, the original 9 founding member universities of Project 985 formed the C9 League,[3] which is referred to as the Chinese equivalent of the US Ivy League.[7] By the end of the second phase of the project, 39 universities were sponsored. It was announced in 2011 that the project had closed, and no new schools would be able to join.[8]

In September 2017, a related plan called the Double First Class University Plan was announced, representing a possible reshuffle in the rankings of China's most prestigious universities. [9][10]

List of sponsored universities[edit]

39 Project 985 universities are sponsored by the Ministry of Education.[11][12] The project also assigned funding to each university.[citation needed]

Province/Municipality City University (Fund)
North (10)
Beijing (8) Beijing (8) Peking University (RMB1.8 billion)
Tsinghua University (RMB1.8 billion)
Renmin University of China (RMB500 million)
Beijing Normal University (RMB1.2 billion)
Beihang University (RMB900 million)
Beijing Institute of Technology (RMB1 billion)
China Agricultural University (unknown)
Minzu University of China (RMB500 million)
Tianjin (2) Tianjin (2) Nankai University (RMB700 million)
Tianjin University (RMB700 million)
Northeast (4)
Heilongjiang Harbin Harbin Institute of Technology (RMB1.0 billion)
Jilin Changchun Jilin University (RMB700 million)
Liaoning (2) Dalian Dalian University of Technology (RMB400 million)
Shenyang Northeastern University (RMB400 million)
East (11)
Anhui Hefei University of Science and Technology of China (RMB900 million)
Fujian Xiamen Xiamen University (RMB800 million)
Jiangsu (2) Nanjing (2) Nanjing University (RMB1.2 billion)
Southeast University (RMB600 million)
Shandong (2) Jinan Shandong University (RMB1.2 billion)
Qingdao Ocean University of China (RMB300 million)
Shanghai (4) Shanghai (4) Fudan University (RMB1.2 billion)
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (RMB1.2 billion)
Tongji University (RMB600 million)
East China Normal University (RMB600 million)
Zhejiang Hangzhou Zhejiang University (RMB1.4 billion)
South Central (7)
Guangdong (2) Guangzhou (2) Sun Yat-sen University (RMB1.2 billion)
South China University of Technology (RMB400 million)
Hubei (2) Wuhan (2) Wuhan University (RMB800 million)
Huazhong University of Science and Technology (RMB600 million)
Hunan (3) Changsha (3) Hunan University (RMB400 million)
Central South University (RMB400 million)
National University of Defense Technology (unknown)
Northwest (4)
Shaanxi (3) Xi'an (2) Northwestern Polytechnical University (RMB900 million)
Xi'an Jiaotong University (RMB900 million)
Xianyang Northwest A&F University (RMB450 million)
Gansu Lanzhou Lanzhou University (RMB450 million)
Southwest (3)
Chongqing Chongqing Chongqing University (RMB540 million)
Sichuan (2) Chengdu (2) Sichuan University (RMB720 million)
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (RMB360 million)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Project 985,The University of Edinburgh
  2. ^ "Project 211 and 985". China Education Center Ltd. Retrieved August 28, 2010.
  3. ^ a b "International Rankings and Chinese Higher Education Reform". World Education News and Reviews. Retrieved August 28, 2010.
  4. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2019 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019 | Top 1000 universities | Shanghai Ranking - 2019". Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  5. ^ "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). August 20, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  6. ^ "2021 USNEWS Best Global Universities in China".
  7. ^ "9所首批"985工程"建设高校签订《一流大学人才培养合作与交流协议书》". Archived from the original on October 15, 2009. Retrieved October 9, 2009.
  8. ^ "Ministry of Education: no new "211" "985" project of the school". Archived from the original on May 11, 2019. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
  9. ^ "China to develop 42 world-class universities". People's Daily. September 21, 2017.
  10. ^ "双一流大学 (shuāngyīliú dàxué): Double top university plan". Archived from the original on September 25, 2017.
  11. ^ "985工程一期重点共建". Ministry of Education PR CHINA. Retrieved August 28, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "985工程二期重点共建". Ministry of Education PR CHINA. Retrieved August 28, 2010.[permanent dead link]