Project Unigauge

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Comparison of different gauges common in India with standard gauge which is not common in India
The image shows still surviving meter gauge tracks in Gujarat, India

Project Unigauge is an ongoing exercise by Indian Railways to standardise most of the rail gauges in India to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge.

Indian Railways currently has significant lengths of four different gauges: the 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge, the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge, and two narrow gauges 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) and 2 ft (610 mm). The total length of track used by Indian Railways was about 115,000 km (71,000 mi) while the total route length of the network was 65,000 km (40,000 mi) in 2011.[1]

Current status[edit]

Gauge Name March 2015
Track km
Track
share
March 2015
Route km
Route
share
2015 
Electrified
Route km
1951 
Route
km
1951 
Route
share
1676 mm Broad gauge 108500 94% 59400 91% 26269 [2] 25258 47.0%
1000 mm Metre gauge 5000 4% 4100 7% 24185 45.0%
762 and 610 mm Narrow gauges 1500 2% 1500 2% 4300 8.0%
Total: 115000 65000 53743

Heritage lines that will not be converted[edit]

A single metre-gauge line and four narrow-gauge lines on which heritage trains run in hilly regions will not be converted to broad gauge. These are:

Name of heritage railway line Gauge
mm
Track
km
State
from (plains)
to (hills)
Nilgiri Mountain Railway 1,000 mm 46 Tamil Nadu Mettupalayam/MTP Udagamandalam (Ooty)/UAM
Kalka–Shimla Railway 762 mm 94 Himachal Pradesh Kalka/KLK Shimla/SML
Kangra Valley Railway 762 mm 164 Himachal Pradesh Pathankot/PTK Joginder Nagar/JDNX
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway 610 mm 79 West Bengal New Jalpaiguri/NJP Darjeeling/DJ
Matheran Hill Railway 610 mm 20 Maharashtra Neral/NRL Matheran/MAE
Total: 395

A demand has been made to convert Pathankot-Dharamshala-Joginder Nagar railway line into broad gauge but no decision has been taken.[3]

Routes remaining to be converted in 2016[edit]

  • Western Railway
  1. Ahmedabad - Botad (177 km)
  2. Ahmedabad - Khed Brahma (142 km)
  3. Ahmedabad - Ranuj (114 km)
  4. Ahmedabad - Udaipur (298 km)
  5. Ambliyasan - Vijapur (42 km)
  6. Bhadran - Nadiad (58 km) (NG)
  7. Bilimora - Waghai (63 km) (NG)
  8. Chandod - Dabhoi (17 km) (NG)
  9. Choranda - Moti Koral (19 km) (NG)
  10. Dabhoi - Malsar (70 km) (NG)
  11. Jetpur - Lathi (87 km)
  12. Junagadh - Delvada (159 km)
  13. Kosamba - Umarpada (61 km) (NG)
  14. Pratapnagar - Jambusar (51 km) (NG)
  15. Mahesana - Taranga Hill (57 km)
  16. Mhow - Khandwa - Akola (288 km)
  17. Veraval - Talala - Dhasa Jn. (190 km)
  • North Eastern Railway
  1. Bihariganj - Banmankhi (28 km)
  2. Chhapra - Thawe (105 km)
  3. Dohrighat - Indara (33 km)
  4. Gonda - Mailani (266 km)
  5. Izzatnagar - Pilibhit (62 km)
  6. Jhanjharpur - Laukaha Bazar (62 km)
  7. Jhanjharpur - Nirmali (32 km)
  8. Lucknow (Aishbagh) - Mailani - Pilibhit (260 km)
  9. MandhanaBrahmavart (10 km)
  10. Mathura Jn. - Vrindavan (12 km)
  11. Narkatiaganj - Bhikhna Thori (36 km)
  12. Narkatiaganj - Raxaul (41 KM)
  13. Nepalganj Road - Gonda (114 km)
  14. Saharsa - Raghopur (63 km)
  15. Shahjahanpur - Pilibhit - Tanakpur (145 km)
  • North Western Railway
  1. Marwar - Mavli (151 km)
  2. Mavli - Bari Sadri (82 km)
  • Northeast Frontier Railway
  1. Amguri - Tuli (15 km)
  • Central Railway
  1. Pachora - Jamner (56 km) (NG)
  2. Pulgaon - Arvi (35 km) (NG)
  3. Balaghat - Jabalpur (187 km) (NG)
  • North Central Railway
  1. Gwalior - Sheopur Kalan (199 km) (NG)
  • Southern Railway
  1. Tiruturaipundi - Agastiyampalli
  • South East Central Railway
  1. Nagpur - Nagbhir (110 km) (NG)
  2. Rajim - Abhanpur (17 km) (NG)

Remaining[edit]

  • Eastern
  1. Ahmedpur – terminus; break-of-gauge
  2. Katwabreak-of-gauge
  3. Balgona – terminus; break-of-gauge
  • South East Central Railway
  1. Raipurbreak-of-gauge
  2. Rajim – terminus
  3. Dhamtari – terminus
  • North Central
  1. Pulgaonbreak-of-gauge
  2. Arvi, Wardha – terminus
  • Southern Railway
  • Western
  1. Surat – large town
  2. Bilimora break-of-gauge
  3. Waghai – terminus
  4. Gandhidam – junction
  5. New Bhuj break-of-gauge
  6. Naliya – branch terminus (may be closed)
  7. Mahesanabreak-of-gauge
  8. Taranga Hill – branch terminus
  • West Central
  1. Gwaliorbreak-of-gauge
  2. Sheopur – terminus (with extension to Kota Jn.)

Under Conversion[edit]

  • Western Railway
  1. Bhuj - Naliya (101 km) in Gujarat
  2. Indore - Mhow (21 km) in Madhya Pradesh
  • North Western Railway
  1. Hanumangarh - Sadulpur (172 km)
  2. Ratangarh - Sardarshahar (46 km) in Rajasthan
  3. Jaipur - Churu (198 km)
  4. Gainsari - Jarwa (15 km) in Uttar Pradesh
  • Northeast Frontier Railway
  1. Silchar - Jiribam (50 km) in Assam/Manipur
  2. Katakhal - Bairabi (84 km) in Assam/Mizoram
  3. Baraigram - Dullabcherra (24 km)
  • Southern Railway
  1. Bodinayakkanur - Madurai (88 km) in Tamil Nadu
  2. Pollachi - Podanur (40 km) in Tamil Nadu
  3. SengottaiPunalur (49.2 km) in Tamil Nadu/Kerala
  4. ThiruvarurKaraikudi (187 km) in Tamil Nadu

South East Central Railway

  1. Nagpur - Chhindwara - Nainpur (289 km) (NG)
  2. Nainpur - Mandla Fort (42 km) (NG

North Eastern Railway

  1. Thawe - Chhapra (105 km) in UP/Bihar

Completed[edit]

2016[edit]

  1. Badarpur - Agartala (227 km) in Assam/Tripura [1]

2015[edit]

  1. North Lakhimpur - Murkongselek (154 km) in Assam [2][3]
  2. Balipara - Bhalukpong (34 km) in Assam [4]
  3. Lumding - Silchar (210 km) in Assam [5]
  4. Pollachi - Palakkad (55 km) in Tamil Nadu/Kerala [6]
  5. Sikar - Loharu (122 km) in Rajasthan [7]
  6. Gonda - Barhni (107 km) in Uttar Pradesh

2014[edit]

  1. Raxaul - Chauradano (24 km) in Bihar
  2. Palani - Pollachi (63 km) in Tamil Nadu [8]
  3. Fatehabad - Indore Junction (35 km) in Madhya Pradesh [9]
  4. Ankleshwar - Rajpipla (63 km) in Gujarat [10]
  5. Bareilly - Kasganj (106 km) in Uttar Pradesh [11]
  6. Rangapara North - Tezpur (27 km) in Assam
  7. Dauram Madhepura - Banmankhi (42 km) in Bihar
  8. Rangiya - Rangapara North (122 km) in Assam
  9. Rangapara North - Harmuti (143 km) in Assam

2013[edit]

  1. RatlamFatehabad (85.74 km) in Madhya Pradesh [12]
  2. VirudhunagarManamadurai (66 km) in Tamil Nadu [13]
  3. KolarChikbalapur (85 km) in Karnataka [14]

2012[edit]

  1. Bareilly City - Lalkua in Uttar Pradesh
  2. MayiladuturaiTiruvarur in Tamil Nadu

2011[edit]

  1. KrishnanagarShantipur in West Bengal
  2. SitamarhiBairgania in Bihar
  3. KaptanganjThawe in Uttar Pradesh
  4. KatiharTejnarayanpur in Bihar
  5. MavliNathdwara in Rajasthan
  6. AnandapuramTalguppa in Karnataka
  7. DindigulPalani in Tamil Nadu
  8. TirunelveliTenkasi in Tamil Nadu
  9. Bodeli - Chottaudepur in Gujarat
  10. BardhmanBalgona in West Bengal
  11. AunriharJaunpur in Uttar Pradesh
  12. Aluabari RoadSiliguri in West Bengal
  13. RatangarhBikaner in Rajasthan
  14. Bharuch - Samni - Dahej in Gujarat
  15. Parlakimidi - Gunupur in Odisha
  16. Mathura - Achhnera in Uttar Pradesh
  17. Katihar - Manihari in Bihar
  18. ShimogaAnandapuramin Karnataka
  19. NanjangudChamarajanagar in Karnataka
  20. BagalkotGadag in Karnataka
  21. MysoreNanjangud in Karnataka
  22. BijapurBagalkot in Karnataka
  23. Sakleshpur – Subramanya Rd in Karnataka

2010[edit]

  1. Kanpur Central - Farukkhabad in Uttar Pradesh
  2. DeganaRatangarh in Rajasthan
  3. Ratangarh - Sadulpur in Rajasthan
  4. Bhildi - Samdari in Rajasthan
  5. Pakala - Dharmavaram in Andhra Pradesh
  6. Vellore - Villupuram in Tamil Nadu

2009[edit]

  1. Guntakal - Kalluru MG has been converted and shortened from 80 km to 60 km.
  2. MathuraKasganj

Maps[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ compiled and edited by Research, Reference and Training Division. (2011). "Table 19.1". India Yearbook 2011. Publications Division, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Govt. of India. ISBN 978-81-230-1674-0. 
  2. ^ http://www.core.indianrailways.gov.in/view_section.jsp?lang=0&id=0,294,302,535
  3. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/news/rail-link-to-leh-centre-seeks-plan-panel-no/729696/

External links[edit]