Proline dehydrogenase

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
proline dehydrogenase
Proline dehydrogenase tetramer, Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens
EC no.
CAS no.9050-70-8
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a proline dehydrogenase (EC, formerly EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

L-proline + ubiquinone (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate + ubiquinol

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-proline and ubiquinone, whereas its two products are (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate and ubiquinol.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-NH group of donors with a quinone or similar compounds as acceptors.

The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-proline:quinone oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include L-proline dehydrogenase, L-proline oxidase,and L-proline:(acceptor) oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in arginine and proline metabolism. It employs one cofactor, FAD, which requires riboflavin (vitamin B2).

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 9 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1K87, 1TIW, 1TJ0, 1TJ1, 1TJ2, 1Y56, 2FZM, 2FZN, and 2G37.


  • Scarpulla RC, Soffer RL (1978). "Membrane-bound proline dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli Solubilization, purification, and characterization". J. Biol. Chem. 253 (17): 5997–6001. PMID 355248.