Act to provide for the gradual development of self-governing Bantu national units and for direct consultation between the Government of the Union and the said national units in regard to matters affecting the interests of such national units; to amend the Native Administration Act, 1927, the Native Trust and Land Act, 1936, and the Bantu Authorities Act, 1951, and to repeal the Representation of Natives Act, 1936; and to provide for other incidental matters.
The Promotion of Bantu Self-government Act, 1959 (Act No. 46 of 1959, commenced 19 June; subsequently renamed the Promotion of Black Self-government Act, 1959 and later the Representation between the Republic of South Africa and Self-governing Territories Act, 1959) was a piece of South Africanapartheid legislation that allowed for the transformation of reserves into "fully fledged independent Bantustans" which would also divide Blacks into 'ethnically' discrete groups. It also resulted in the abolition of parliamentary representation for Blacks, an act furthered in 1970 with the passage of the Black Homeland Citizenship Act.
Blacks were separated, or classified, into eight different ethnic groups, each of which was provided with a Commissioner-General who was entrusted with the development of their assigned Bantustan into a self-governing state. Blacks were expected to exercise their political rights in the homelands, not in South Africa. In effect, this stripped black South Africans of nearly all of their rights as South African citizens; what few rights that remained were stripped away by the Black Homeland Citizenship Act.