Promotion to the Bayernliga

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Promotion to the Bayernliga
Map of Germany with the location of Bavaria highlighted
Country  Germany
State  Bavaria
Divisions 5
Number of teams 89
Level on pyramid Level 6
Promotion to Bayernliga
Current champions
(2015–16)

The Bayernliga, the fifth tier of the German football league system and highest football league in the state of Bavaria, has had four teams annually promoted to the league, the champions of the three Landesligas, and a fourth club, determined by an annual promotion round. It involved the runners-up from the three Landesligas and the team in the Oberliga placed right above the relegation ranks.

The Bavarian football federation decided on drastic changes to the league system from 2012 onwards. With the introduction of the Regionalliga Bayern from 2012–13, it placed two Bayernligas, north and south, below the new league as the new fifth tier of the German league system. Below those, five Landesligas instead of the existing three were set, which would be geographically divided to limit travel and increase the number of local derbies.[1]

History and modus[edit]

In 1963, alongside the establishment of the Fußball-Bundesliga, a single-division, highest league for the state of Bavaria, the Amateurliga Bayern was established, too. Below this league, three regional Landesligas were formed to replace the previously existing 2nd Amateurligas:[2]

From the 1963-64 season onwards, the champions of each of these three leagues were directly promoted to the Amateurliga Bayern, or, as it is commonly called, the Bayernliga. In turn, the bottom three teams in the Bayernliga were relegated to the Landesliga, according to their region of origin.

In 1978, the Amateurliga Bayern was renamed Amateur Oberliga Bayern.[3]

In 1981, this modus changed as the Bavarian football association wanted each runners-up team in the Bavarian leagues to have a chance for promotion, too.[3] Nowadays, the statutes of the BFV actually specify that every runners-up in Bavaria has the right to take part in promotion round, providing the league it can earn promotion to is part of the Bavarian football league system.[4]

A system was established whereby the three Landesliga runners-up and the Bayernliga team placed right above the relegation ranks determined one more team to enter the league for the next season. A draw would establish which two teams met each other in the first round in an on-off game, with all games to be played on neutral grounds, preferably at a location half-way between the two clubs. The winners of those two games would then advance to a final to determine the team that would play in the Bayernliga next season.

Exceptions existed in regards to the number of teams promoted. If the Bayernliga champion managed to win promotion to the 2nd Bundesliga and no team from that league was relegated to the Bayernliga, an extra team was promoted from the Landesliga. Also, in 1994, due to the formation of the Regionalligas, eight teams from the Landesligas earned promotion to the Bayernliga with the promotion round being played between the third placed teams.[5] A similar situation existed in 2008, when the 3rd Liga was established. Generally, after 1994 in a most seasons more than one club was promoted.

In 1994, the Amateur Oberliga Bayern was renamed Oberliga Bayern.

Because of the establishment of the Regionalliga Bayern in 2012 and the expansion of the Bayernliga from one to two regional divisions a large number of clubs earned promotion to the league in 2012. Additionally, the number of Landesligas was expanded from three to five.[6]

Clubs directly promoted[edit]

The champions of the three Landesligas who earned direct promotion to the Bayernliga where:

Three divisions: from 1963 to 2012[edit]

Season Landesliga Süd Landesliga Mitte Landesliga Nord
1963–64 TSG Augsburg SpVgg Weiden FV Würzburg 04
1964–65 SpVgg Kaufbeuren 1. FC Nuremberg II FC Bayreuth
1965–66 MTV Ingolstadt SSV Jahn Regensburg SpVgg Hof
1966–67 FC Bayern Munich II ESV Nürnberg-West VfB Coburg
1967–68 SpVgg Kaufbeuren FC Passau FC Münchberg
1968–69 MTV Ingolstadt SpVgg Vohenstrauss FC Bayreuth
1969–70 FC Memmingen FC Herzogenaurach FV Würzburg 04
1970–71 SC Fürstenfeldbruck ASV Neumarkt FC Kronach
1971–72 BSC Sendling ASV Herzogenaurach FC Bayreuth
1972–73 FC Bayern Munich II TSV Roth VfB Coburg
1973–74 SpVgg Kaufbeuren ASV Neumarkt ATS Kulmbach
1974–75 VfR Neuburg FC Amberg 1. FC Bamberg
1975–76 TSV 1860 Rosenheim SpVgg Plattling 1. FC Haßfurt
1976–77 MTV Ingolstadt FC Herzogenaurach TSV Trebgast
1977–78 SB/DJK Rosenheim FC Vilshofen TSV Hirschaid
1978–79 TSV Ampfing FC Herzogenaurach VfB Helmbrechts
1979–80 SC Fürstenfeldbruck 1. FC Nuremberg II VfL Frohnlach
1980–81 SpVgg Unterhaching FC Vilshofen 1. FC Bamberg
1981–82 FC Wacker München TSV Straubing VfB Coburg
1982–83 TSV Eching SSV Jahn Regensburg FC Bayern Hof
1983–84 ESV Ingolstadt 1. FC Nuremberg II FC Schweinfurt 05
1984–85 SC Fürstenfeldbruck SpVgg Weiden SV Heidingsfeld
1985–86 TSV Großhadern FC Amberg FC Schweinfurt 05
1986–87 FC Wacker München TSV Vestenbergsgreuth FC Kronach
1987–88 SV Türk Gücü München SpVgg Weiden FC Bayern Hof
1988–89 SpVgg Starnberg SpVgg Plattling VfB Helmbrechts
1989–90 TSV Eching SSV Jahn Regensburg Kickers Würzburg
1990–91 TSV Schwaben Augsburg SpVgg Fürth SC 08 Bamberg
1991–92 SpVgg Starnberg FC Passau VfL Frohnlach
1992–93 Wacker Burghausen SpVgg Plattling VfB Helmbrechts
1993–94 SV Türk Gücü München Jahn Forchheim FC Bayern Hof
1994–95 TSV 1860 Rosenheim SG Quelle Fürth SC Weismain
1995–96 TSV 1860 Munich II SG Post/Süd Regensburg SpVgg Stegaurach
1996–97 TSV 1860 Rosenheim 1. SC Feucht Kickers Würzburg
1997–98 TSV Schwaben Augsburg SC 04 Schwabach SpVgg Bayreuth
1998–99 FC Kempten SSV Jahn Regensburg FV Würzburg 04
1999–2000 FC Ismaning ASV Neumarkt 1. FC Sand
2000–01 Falke Markt Schwaben SpVgg Greuther Fürth II SpVgg Bayreuth
2001–02 SC Fürstenfeldbruck SG Post/Süd Regensburg TSV Gerbrunn
2002–03 FC Memmingen SpVgg Landshut FV Würzburg 04
2003–04 MTV Ingolstadt 1. FC Bad Kötzting VfL Frohnlach
2004–05 Wacker Burghausen II SG Quelle Fürth FV Würzburg 04
2005–06 SV Heimstetten SpVgg Weiden SpVgg Bayern Hof
2006–07 FC Kempten SpVgg Ansbach FC Schweinfurt 05
2007–08 TSV Buchbach FSV Erlangen-Bruck VfL Frohnlach
2008–09 TSV 1860 Rosenheim SV Schalding-Heining SV Memmelsdorf
2009–10 SV Heimstetten Freier TuS Regensburg Würzburger FV
2010–11 SB/DJK Rosenheim SC Eltersdorf VfL Frohnlach
2011–12 Wacker Burghausen II SpVgg Landshut Kickers Würzburg

Five divisions: since 2012[edit]

Season Landesliga Nordost Landesliga Nordwest Landesliga Mitte Landesliga Südost Landesliga Südwest
2012–13 SpVgg SV Weiden SV Erlenbach TSV Bogen SV Pullach FC Pipinsried
2013–14 TSV Neudrossenfeld SpVgg Ansbach 1. FC Bad Kötzting TSV Dachau TSV Landsberg
2014–15 1. SC Feucht DJK Don Bosco Bamberg SpVgg Ruhmannsfelden SV Kirchanschöring TSV Kottern
2015–16 ASV Neumarkt SpVgg Ansbach DJK Ammerthal FC Ismaning FC Gundelfingen

Source:"The Bavarian Landesligas" (in German). Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 

Clubs taking part in the promotion round[edit]

The clubs having taken part in the promotion round were:

Three divisions: from 1963 to 2012[edit]

Season Bayernliga Landesliga Süd Landesliga Mitte Landesliga Nord
1980–81 TSV Trebgast TSV Schwaben Augsburg TSV Straubing VfB Coburg
1981–82 SC Fürstenfeldbruck SpVgg Kaufbeuren SpVgg Landshut FT Schweinfurt
1982–83 FC Memmingen TSV Aindling FC Amberg SV Heidingsfeld
1983–84 TSV Ampfing Wacker Burghausen FSV Bad Windsheim SV Heidingsfeld
1984–85 MTV Ingolstadt TSV Eching SpVgg Plattling VfB Helmbrechts
1985–86 SV Heidingsfeld FC Wacker München FSV Bad Windsheim VfB Helmbrechts
1986–87 FC Memmingen MTV Ingolstadt FSV Bad Windsheim VfB Helmbrechts
1987–88 SSV Jahn Regensburg TSV Schwaben Augsburg FC Miltach VfB Helmbrechts
1988–89 TSV Ampfing FC Memmingen SpVgg Fürth SV Memmelsdorf
1989–90 SpVgg Starnberg SV Lohhof FC Passau DJK Schweinfurt
1990–91 SpVgg Bayreuth FC Gundelfingen 1. FC Nuremberg II VfL Frohnlach
1991–92 SV Türk Gücü München FC Gundelfingen SpVgg Landshut SV Heidingsfeld
1992–93 TSV Eching FC Gundelfingen BSC Erlangen FC Bayern Hof
1993–94 SSV Jahn Regensburg FC Enikon Augsburg

MTV Ingolstadt

FC Amberg

SpVgg Weiden

SV Heidingsfeld

VfL Frohnlach

1994–95 FC Enikon Augsburg TSV Eching SpVgg Weiden Alemannia Haibach
1995–96 VfB Helmbrechts TSV Aindling TSV 04 Schwabach Alemannia Haibach
1996–97 SpVgg Bayreuth TSV Landsberg SSV Jahn Regensburg FV Würzburg 04
1997–98 FC Memmingen SV Türk Gücü München 1. FC Nuremberg II FV Würzburg 04
1998–99 FC Bayern Hof TSV Bobingen SpVgg Ansbach DJK Waldberg
1999–2000 SpVgg Landshut MTV Ingolstadt 1. FC Bad Kötzting SpVgg Bayreuth
2000–01 FC Kempten SpVgg Unterhaching II FC Linde Schwandorf TSV Großbardorf
2001–02 FV Würzburg 04 TSV Schwaben Augsburg SpVgg Landshut VfL Frohnlach
2002–03 SG Quelle Fürth SV Gendorf FC Passau TSV Grossbardorf
2003–04 FC Passau BCF Wolfratshausen SG Quelle Fürth 1. FC Bamberg
2004–05 SpVgg Ansbach FC Kempten ASV Neumarkt FC Bayern Hof
2005–06 FC Kempten TSG Thannhausen Freier TuS Regensburg 1. FC Eintracht Bamberg
2006–07 TSV Großbardorf TSG Thannhausen SV Schalding-Heining Alemannia Haibach
2007–08 FC Schweinfurt 05 FC Ingolstadt 04 II

TSV Rain am Lech

SV Seligenporten

DJK Vilzing

Kickers Würzburg

SV Friesen

2008–09 SV Seligenporten FC Affing SpVgg Landshut 1. FC Sand
2009–10 SpVgg Ansbach VfB Eichstätt TSV Neustadt/Aisch FC Schweinfurt 05
2010–11 SpVgg Bayern Hof TSV Gersthofen SSV Jahn Regensburg II SpVgg Selbitz
2011–12 see: 2011–12 Bayernliga#Play–offs

Five divisions: since 2012[edit]

Season Bayernliga Nord Bayernliga Süd Landesliga Nordost Landesliga Nordwest Landesliga Mitte Landesliga Südost Landesliga Südwest
2012–13 1. FC Trogen TSV Aindling
SpVgg GW Deggendorf
SV Friesen SV Pettstadt DJK Vilzing VfR Garching SV Raisting
2013–14 SpVgg Selbitz
Alemania Haibach
BCF Wolfratshausen
FC Affing
FC Ismaning
FSV Stadeln FC Viktoria Kahl DJK Vilzing TuS Holzkirchen TSV Nördlingen
2014–15 DJK Ammerthal
SpVgg Ansbach
FSV Erlangen-Bruck
TSV Neudrossenfeld
1. FC Bad Kötzting
SpVgg Landshut
SV Raisting
SpVgg Selbitz 1. FC Sand ASV Burglengenfeld SV Erlbach FV Illertissen II
2015–16 ASV Burglengenfeld
SpVgg Jahn Forchheim
VfL Frohnlach
TSV Bogen
SV Erlbach
TSV Landsberg
TSV Kornburg Würzburger Kickers II SV Fortuna Regensburg FC Deisenhofen SV Mering
  • Die Deutsche Liga Chronik 1945 – 2006 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: I 72 – I 144
  • Bold denotes promoted team, or, in case of the participant from the Bayernliga, the club maintained its league status.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Attraktive Gegner, regionale Einteilung, weniger Fahrtkosten (German) BFV website, published: 12 February 2011, accessed: 29 April 2011
  2. ^ Die Bayernliga 1945 - 1997 (in German). DSFS. 1996. p. 96. 
  3. ^ a b Die Bayernliga 1945 - 1997 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 96, accessed: 12 November 2008
  4. ^ BFV Spielordnung - § 16 Allgemeine Vorschriften (2) (German) BFV regulations, accessed: 12 November 2008
  5. ^ Die Bayernliga 1945 - 1997 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 129, accessed: 12 November 2008
  6. ^ So läuft die Relegation auf Verbandsebene fupa.net, accessed: 23 May 2012

Sources[edit]

  • Die Bayernliga 1945 - 1997, (German) published by the DSFS, 1998
  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll
  • 50 Jahre Bayrischer Fussball-Verband (German) 50-year-anniversary book of the Bavarian FA, publisher: Vindelica Verlag, published: 1996
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 (German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External links[edit]