Promptorium parvulorum

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Promptorium parvulorum
AuthorAttributed to Geoffrey the Grammarian
LanguageLatin, Middle English
SubjectBilingual dictionary

The Promptorium parvulorum (Latin: "Storehouse for children") is an English-Latin bilingual dictionary which was completed about year 1440. It was the first English-to-Latin dictionary.[1] It occupies about 300 printed book pages.[2] Its authorship is attributed to Geoffrey the Grammarian, a friar who lived in Lynn, Norfolk, England.[3]

After the invention of the printing press the Promptorium was published repeatedly in the early 16th century by the printer Wynkyn de Worde.[3] In the 19th century the Camden Society republished it under the extended title Promptorium parvulorum sive clericorum (“Storehouse for children or clerics”).[1] For language historians it is a major reference work for the vocabulary of late medieval English. It is a frequently cited reference in today's primary dictionary of late medieval English, the Middle English Dictionary.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Mayhew, A. L. (ed.). The Promptorium Parvulorum: The First English-Latin Dictionary. Early English Text Society. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Company. OCLC 2642049. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
  2. ^ The Promptorium Parvulorum as published in 1865, downloadable at
  3. ^ a b Entry for "Geoffrey the Grammarian" in Dictionary of National Biography (edition published 1885-1900), volume 21.

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