Prophecies of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
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Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the 19th-century Indian religious leader and founder of the Ahmadiyya movement in Islam, is known to have made many prophecies during his lifetime. Some were of an intuitive nature, pertaining to everyday affairs which are said to have either been fulfilled immediately after having been foreseen or concerned distant or unseen events of which Ghulam Ahmad expressed cognizance. Some of greater significance are believed to have been fulfilled during his lifetime; some, according to his followers, were fulfilled after his death, while some await fulfilment. Others, according to his critics, seemed to have been proven wrong.
The Deputy Inspector General of Punjab Police in 1928 stated that Ghulam Ahmad was a cause of great unrest due to the prophecies he made concerning the deaths of his adversaries. A commentator even blamed his "uncanny knack of predicting the demise of his key enemies" for making a lot of Hindu enemies. One aspect upon which he based the validity of his claims was the fulfilment of prophecies made by him. These prophecies or 'hidden matters' and the knowledge or awareness of events that had not yet come to pass were, he claimed, disclosed to him by God often through visions, dreams and verbal revelation.
- 1 Prophecies
- 1.1 The revolution of Persia
- 1.2 The Afghan martyrs
- 1.3 Prophecy concerning prince Duleep Singh
- 1.4 Pandit Lekh Ram's assassination
- 1.5 The Plague
- 1.6 The great earthquake of Kangra
- 1.7 Prophecy concerning the Turkish Empire
- 1.8 The Promised Son
- 1.9 The death of John Alexander Dowie
- 1.10 The World War of 1914 and downfall of the Russian Czar
- 1.11 Prophecy of AIDS Virus
- 1.12 Reaching Corners of Earth
- 2 Criticism
- 3 Sources and references
- 4 External links
A selection of prophecies that his followers claim were fulfilled:
The revolution of Persia
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is said to have prophesied the constitutional revolution of Iran when in January 1906 he claimed to have received the revelation:
|“||Shaking in the palace of Chosroes.||”|
As was his practice he published it in both Urdu and English newspapers as well as periodicals of the community. By this time the Iranian Shah, Mozzafar-al-Din was already in a secure position and had accepted proposals for creating a Majles (a National Consultative Assembly or parliament) which proved to be successful and gained the king much popularity. He died soon after and was succeeded by his son Mohammad Ali Shah, the last ruler of the Qajar dynasty of Persia.
This prophecy is believed to have been fulfilled during the reign of Mohammad Ali Shah, when growing tensions began to rise between the parliament and the King leading him to dissolve the Parliament which was shelled and destroyed. These events gave birth to a general rebellion involving many major cities of Iran. The administration was taken over by the Nationalists and democrats. The king began moving the treasury and his personal effects to Russia and the Shah's palace is said to have been a place of growing anxiety during this period. In time, the Nationalists grew in popularity and formed many alliances while the Kings position was weakened and he was forced to declare his acceptance of parliamentary government. The Cossacks who formed the Shah's body-guard also joined the revolutionaries. In 1909 the Shah and his family fled the palace and sought refuge in the Russian embassy and autocracy was replaced by democracy.
The prophecy was believed to have been fulfilled again with the onset of the Iranian Revolution
The Afghan martyrs
Ahmad claimed to have foretold the execution of two of his devout followers based on a revelation he claimed to have received:
|“||Two goats will be slaughtered and all those upon it are mortal.||”|
He claims to have interpreted this to mean that two of his followers would be killed and that as a result general destruction would overtake the country in which they were martyred.
Ahmad's followers claim that this was fulfilled twenty years later in two separate incidents when Ahmad's books found their way to Afghanistan. After reading Ahmad's books, Sayyed Abdul Latif decided to send one of his disciples (Maulvi Abdur Rahman) to Qadian to meet Ahmad. He gave Rahman permission to offer Latif's allegiance if Rahman felt convinced. Rahman was convinced, took an oath of allegiance, and returned to Afghanistan with more of Ahmad's books. He brought the books to Emir Habibullah Khan to proselytise. Rahman was executed by strangling.
A few years later, Latif left Afghanistan for Qadian to meet Ahmad before starting on the Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). After having stayed at Qadian with him for a few months, he returned to Afghanistan to proselytise to his King. Upon reaching Khost, he wrote to some courtiers who decided to have him arrested and brought to Kabul. The Emir asked him to renounce his beliefs and recant, but Latif refused. He was then stoned to death before a large crowd. Ahmad's followers claim that Kabul experienced a cholera epidemic within a month of the stoning.
The English traveller, Frank A. Martin, who was for many years Engineer-in-Chief to the government of Afghanistan, recalls this event in his book thus:
Before being led away from the Amir's presence to be killed, the moullah (Abdul Lateef) prophesied that a great calamity would overtake the country, and that both the Amir and the Sirdar would suffer. About nine o’clock at night the day the moullah was killed, a great storm of wind suddenly rose and raged with violence for half an hour, and then stopped as suddenly as it came. Such a wind at night was altogether unusual, so the people said that this was the passing of the soul of the Moullah. Then cholera came, and, according to former outbreaks, another visitation was not due for four years to come, and this was also regarded as part of the fulfillment of the moullah's prophecy, and hence the great fear of the Amir and the prince, who thought they saw in all this their own death and it accounts also for the prince losing control of himself when his favourite wife died. — Frank A. Martin, Under the Absolute Amir, ISBN 978-1-4304-9488-1, pg.204
He also reports on many other cholera epidemics that took place in Afghanistan during his time there.
Prophecy concerning prince Duleep Singh
After the annexation of the Punjab by the British, the young heir to the Sikh throne Duleep Singh was sent away to England, and was to stay there until British rule became established in the Punjab. After the events of the Indian Mutiny of 1857 the young prince decided to return, which was much anticipated by his supporters. At this time Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is said to have predicted the failure of his return. He claimed to have received knowledge from God that the prince will not return, and will have to encounter some trouble, and had informed many people about this. This prediction is believed to have been fulfilled while the prince was on his journey back to India, the British government decided that the prince's return may be dangerous for the government and feared trouble. As his ship reached Aden, he was stopped there and ordered back to England.
Pandit Lekh Ram's assassination
Pandit Lekh Ram, a leader of the Arya Samaj, was a contemporary of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Because of what Muslims characterised as his derogatory characterisations of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his anti-Islamic attitude, but was an analysis of Islam written "using Islamic histories written by and for Muslims", he was in constant conflict with Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Upon his growing anti-Islamic behaviour and his demand for a sign, Ghulam Ahmad is said to have prayed and thus made aware of the imminent death of Lekh Ram who expressed his fearlessness upon such prophecies and insisted on a time limit. Ghulam Ahmad withheld the publication of any prophecy for a while in which he is said to have waited for further knowledge. Eventually he announced that Lekh Ram will meet a bitter end within six years from 20 February 1893.
In an announcement dated 22 February 1893 he stated:
|“||Like the calf of Samiri, lekh Ram shall be cut into pieces.||”|
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed to have received multiple revelations regarding Lekh Ram's death and his likeness unto the golden calf of Samri was a recurring theme in these prophecies. About one of his visions he wrote:
|“||On April 2, 1893, I beheld in a vision that a stout and sturdy man, frightful to look at, with blood trickling from his face, stood in front of me. He seemed not a creature of this earth but one of the infernal beings whose appearance struck terror into the hearts. Where is Lekh Ram? He growled in a roaring voice and named one more man. I knew that he had been deputed for the chastisement of Lekh Ram and the other person.||”|
He also foretold that his death will take place on a day close to the festival of Eid:
|“||And God gave me the tidings that I will witness a day of Eid, and this day will be close to the Eid.||”|
Followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad believe that this prophecy was fulfilled on Saturday 6 March 1897 which happened to be a day after the festival of Eid, when Pandit Lekh Ram was brutally stabbed with a dagger by a stranger who it is said turned the knife round and round in his stomach thus cutting his entrails thoroughly. Lekh Ram died the next day. It is said that although his family was at home, and there were some men downstairs, near the gate at the time of the murder, no one saw any person entering or leaving the house. His body was subsequently cremated in accordance with Hindu custom and the remains dispersed of in a river. There was a police investigation but it failed to apprehend the murderer.
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is said to have made numerous prophecies concerning the plague in the Punjab and issued multiple warnings against it. This plague was an occurrence of special significance within Ahmadiyya as it is believed to have been mentioned by earlier religious scriptures as one of the signs of the promised Messiah.
In his book Siraj-e-Munir Ghulam Ahmad recalls a revelation which he claimed to have received:
|“||O Messiah of mankind. Rid us of our pestilences.||”|
Commenting upon this he wrote:
|“||Wait and see how and when these warnings fulfil themselves. There are times when prayer brings death. Another time comes when prayer will bring life.||”|
He further issued an announcement:
|“||I know that those devoid of spiritual feelings will tend to ridicule my statement. Nevertheless, out of sympathy for them, it is my duty to warn people. The warning is this. Today, February 6, 1898, Monday, I saw in a dream that angels of God were planting black trees in different parts of the Punjab. Those trees were black, ugly, terrifying and of small size. I asked some of those who were planting them: What kind of trees are these? They answered: These are trees of the plague which is about to spread in the country. I am not quite sure whether it was said that the plague would spread during the next winter or the winter after, but it was a terrible sight which I saw. I am reminded also of a revelation of mine about the plague. It said, 'Verily Allah does not change the lot of a people unless they first change their hearts.' It seems that the plague will not disappear unless extreme sin and transgression disappear first.||”|
By this time the plague had not spread. Though some research was carried out in Bombay. Subsequently the plague spread throughout the whole of the Punjab, increasing in severity each year. Various kinds of treatments were tried by the British officials but to no avail. Eventually, Ghulam Ahmad claimed that he had been told in a dream that the Plague has gone but the fever remains after which, as is claimed by the Ahmadis, the plague began to decline steadily, having raged for nine years.
The great earthquake of Kangra
In 1885 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed to have received the following revelation:
|“||The Most High God shall manifest His glory unto the mountain and crush it to pieces. Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya||”|
And in December 1903 he published another revelation in Al-Hakam, 24 December 1903, warning of an impending earthquake. This was followed by another claiming that the earthquake will affect Punjab.
On 8 June 1904 the warning was repeated:
|“||Permanent and temporary residences in this part of the country shall be swept out of existence but all those people who shall be within the four wall of your following. We shall preserve and protect in this deadly incident.||”|
On 3 April 1905, a day before the earthquake Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed to have received a revelation informing him that the hour of destruction that he had been informed about had arrived.
Prophecy concerning the Turkish Empire
The Ottoman Empire otherwise known as Ar-Rûm (successor state to the Sultanate of Rum and Eastern Roman Empire) in oriental and Islamic literature ruled over a large part of southern Europe, but having become subject to internal decline, became vulnerable towards the end of the 18th century to the advantage of Imperialist powers., and was called the "Sick man of Europe". Following the Crimean war and the peace treaty that was made between Russia and Turkey which lasted for several years. In 1904 Ghulam Ahmad claimed to have received the revelation which is identical to the Qur'anic verse[Quran 30:02]
|“||The Byzantines have been defeated in the land nearby and after their defeat they will be victorious.||”|
This was published in the monthly magazine Review of Religions. The Qur'anic verse is believed to have been fulfilled with the Battle of Issus (622). This verse of the Qur'an which Ghulam Ahmad claimed was also revelealed to him is believed to have been fulfilled with the occurrence of the Balkan wars. When the Balkan league declared war on Turkey, conquered major parts of the Ottoman Empire and then began fighting among themselves over the spoils or the partition of Turkey among themselves. This gave Turkey some respite. It conscequently took advantage of the division among the Balkan league and managed to gain victory over and retake Adrianople along with the subjoining territory.
The Promised Son
In the early years of the 1880s certain leaders of the Arya Samaj held discussion and debate with Ghulam Ahmad about the truthfulness of Islam and asked for a sign to prove that Islam was a living religion. To dedicate special prayers for this purpose, Ghulam Ahmad travelled to Hoshiarpur where he spent 40 days in seclusion. Subsequently he announced on 20 February 1886 that God had vouchsafed to him the following revelation:
I confer upon thee a Sign of My mercy according to thy supplications. I have heard thy entreaties and have honoured thy prayers with My acceptance through My mercy and have blessed this thy journey. A sign of power, mercy, nearness to Me is bestowed on thee. A Sign of grace and beneficence is awarded to thee and thou art granted the key of success and victory. Peace on thee, O victorious one. Thus does God speak so that those who desire life may be rescued from the grip of death and those who are buried in the graves may emerge therefrom and so that the superiority of Islam and the dignity of God's word may become manifest unto the people and so that the truth may arrive with all its blessings and falsehood may depart with all its ills, and so that people may understand that I am the Lord of Power, I do whatever I will, and so that they may believe that I am with thee, and so that those who do not believe in God and deny and reject His religion and His Book and His Holy Messenger Muhammad, the chosen one (on whom be peace) may be confronted with a clear sign and the way of the guilty ones may become manifest.
— The green Advertisement, announcement of 20 February 1886
Rejoice, therefore, that a handsome and pure boy will be bestowed on thee. Thou wilt receive a bright youth who will be of thy seed and will be of thy progeny. A handsome and pure boy will come as your guest. His name is Emmanuel and Bashir. He has been invested with a holy spirit and he will be free from all impurity. He is the light of Allah. Blessed is he who comes from heaven. He shall be accompanied by grace (Fazl) which shall arrive with him. He will be characterized with grandeur, greatness and wealth. He will come into the world and will heal many of their disorder through his Messianic qualities and through the blessings of the Holy Spirit. He is the Word of Allah for Allah's mercy and honour have equipped him with the Word of Majesty. He will be extremely intelligent and understanding and will be meek of heart and will be filled with secular and spiritual knowledge. He will convert three into four. It is Monday, a blessed Monday. Son, delight of heart, high ranking, noble; a manifestation of the First and the Last, a manifestation of the True and the High; as if Allah has descended from heaven. His advent will be greatly blessed and will be a source of manifestation of Divine Majesty. Behold! a light cometh, a light anointed by God with the perfume of His pleasure. We shall pour our spirit into him and he will be sheltered under the shadow of God. He will advance rapidly and will be the means of procuring the release of those held in bondage. His fame will spread to the ends of the earth and peoples will be blessed through him. He will then be raised to his spiritual station in heaven. This is a matter decreed.
Though Ghulam Ahmad further declared on 8 April 1886 that it was disclosed to him that this son will be born within a period of nine years, however a few days after this announcement his wife, Nusrat Jehan gave birth to a daughter and his adversaries began alleging that his prophecy was proved false. Again in August 1887 a son was born to him but died in infancy, and again his critics alleged that the prophecy was falsified. Ghulam Ahmad pointed out that this son was the 'guest' that was promised, and that the prophecy concerning the promised son began from the passage He will be accompanied by grace (Fazl) which shall arrive with him. On 12 January 1889, Mirza Mahmood Ahmad was born who is believed by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community to be the promised son and one who displayed in his person all the qualities mentioned in the prophecy.
The death of John Alexander Dowie
The World War of 1914 and downfall of the Russian Czar
Followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claim that one of his revelations clearly prophecies the onset of the first world war and the downfall of the Russian Czar in the following prophecy, made in 1905 (see quoted words below for reference of full date)
|“||A sign is going to be manifest some days after this date. The villages and cities and fields shall be in a state of revolution on account of it. All of a sudden all shall severely quake by a quaking, mortal and trees and mountains and seas. In the twinkling of an eye this earth shall turn upside down. Streams of blood shall flow as the water of rivers. Those who don robes white like Jessamine at the night the morning will make them (blood stained) like chanar trees. The travelers shall feel the severity of the hour; those who are on the way shall lose the way losing their senses as it were. The great and the small shall all be in a state of prostration on account of fear. Even the Czar shall at that hour be in a state of utmost distress. That Divine sign shall be a sample of wrath; the heaven shall assault drawing forth its sword (Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya, part 5th, p.120,)||”|
|“||The date this day is 15 April 1905. and (2) In the Divine revelation the word Zalzalah (meaning a quaking or earthquake), is repeated again and again. … But I cannot yet with certainty take the word in its literal significance. It might be that it is not an ordinary earthquake but some terrible disaster which should bring about a scene of the judgment Day, and a severe destruction should come upon lives and buildings.||”|
Ahmadis claim that the prophecy has several parts that all indicate it as referring to World War I (for all references to the words of the revelation, see: alislam.org
1) The prophecy says that the earthquake will involve the whole world. But everybody knows that earthquakes never do that; they only involve parts of the world. Ahmadis point out that the word 'earthquake' is often used for war in the Qur'an:
|“||When they came upon you from above you, and from below you, and when your eyes became distracted and your hearts leaped into your throats and you thought diverse thoughts about Allah, there and then. But the believers were sorely tried and they were shaken with a violent shaking (Al-Ahzab, 11,12)||”|
2) The prophecy says the calamity will prove very hard on travellers. Ahmadis point out that World War 1 was greatly difficult for all travellers. Ahmnadis point out that earthquakes are not hardy on travellers but war certainly is. Ahmadis say that the word "earthquake" is an allegorical term as used in the Qur'an for War.
3) The prophecy points to the ill-effects of the calamity on farms, fields, etc.; Ahmadis again claim that earthquakes have no ill-effects on farms and fields, which are destroyed only by war. Shelling from both sides destroys them. Sometimes 'scorched-earth' policy destroys them.
4) The prophecy points to the ill-effects of the calamity on birds; they were to lose their 'senses' and their 'songs'. Again, Ahmadis claim ordinary earthquake can have no such effects. The vibrations only last for a time. If birds sitting on a tree or a building fly into the air, they experience no ill-effects whatever. A modern war, however, is very hard on birds. Day and night bombing and the destruction of trees is highly detrimental to bird-life. The birds either die or suffer greatly.
5) The Prophecy stated that the calamity would occur within 16 years of 1905. World War 1 began in 1914.
6) The prophecy contains the revelation 'I have saved Israel from detriment.' This indicates that the calamity was to result in some advantage for the Jews. Such a thing can have no connection with an ordinary earthquake. Ahmadis point out that the foundation of the state of Israel occurred primarily because of World War 1 and was laid while World War 1 was raging, when Lord Balfour declared in 1916 that the Jewish people would be settled in Palestine.
7) The revelations mention the repeated promise 'I will come suddenly with my armies' indicating a war.
8) A part of the prophecy stated 'Raise the anchor.' This points to the entry of different nations into naval encounters against one another. The command 'Raise the anchor' indicates the beginning of naval hostilities. Another revelation says, 'Boats sail that there be duels.' This is a picture of the vessels going in one direction and another in search of naval encounters.
9) The earthquake was to occur suddenly: 'I will come to thee with the armies and will come suddenly' states the revelation. Ahmadis point out that World War 1 began suddenly with the assassination of the Archduke, Franz Ferdinand.
10) A part of the revelation states: 'Avenues useful for Arabs. Arabs set out from their home.' Ahmadis point out that the Arabian people greatly benefited from World War 1, in that through it they fulfilled their long-desired wish of parting from the Ottoman Empire.
11) Another sign was the destruction of cities and places noted for their godlessness. 'I will obliterate habitations much as they have obliterated My name.' It is generally agreed that Eastern France was the worst part of Europe from the point of view of sensual indulgence. From this part was sent the wine consumed in different countries of Europe. It was also the rendezvous of pleasure-seekers from Western countries. In accordance with the prophecy this part suffered the most.
12) The prophecy states that 'Even the Czar at that moment will be in a pitiful condition'. Ahmadis point out that the office of Czar-hood is referred to here, and the end of the institution of the Czar as a whole. Ahmadis point out that World War 1 caused the downfall of the Czar as he was forced to sign a declaration that his family would never institute their monarchy over Russia again. Mirza Bashirrudin Ahmad, the second successor to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, writes:
"On November 7, Bolshevik revolutionaries dismissed the Kerensky government, and the condition of the Czar became so pitiful as to make the stoutest heart flinch. The Czar was removed from internment in the Royal Palace and taken from place to place, ultimately to Ekaterinburg. Here he was to have a taste of the tortures he used to inflict on prisoners serving sentences in Siberia...The Bolshevik government reduced his rations and ordinary comforts. His sick child was beaten by ill-mannered guards. The parents had to watch. His daughters were maltreated. Even these tortures did not satiate the revolutionaries. They invented new penalties and new pains. One day, when the Czarina was present under compulsion, the virgin daughters of the Czar were raped by the soldiers. If the Czarina, unable to bear the sight, turned her face away, the soldiers would compel her to observe the inhuman scene. Witnessing these brutalities and enduring more pains and poignancies than can have been endured by any mortal, the Czar at last met his end. He was shot dead on July 16, 1918, and with him the entire royal family. The prophecy 'Even the Czar at that moment will be in a pitiful condition' was fulfilled literally."
Opponents of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad are largely silent about this prophecy. Others among his opponents state that the fulfilment of the prophecy is coincidental.
Prophecy of AIDS Virus
In 1907, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is said to have propheced AIDS Virus. He said that
|“||A type of plague will spread in Europe and other Christian countries, which will be very severe.||”|
This statement is usually linked with an observation by Mohammed that venereal disease, described as a type of pestilence, always strikes the sexually permissive, and as such is commonly believed in Ahmadiyya circles to refer to the AIDS epidemic.  However, this cannot be entirely verified due to the nature of the disease not having been specified by Mirza himself. Critics however usually dismiss this prophecy as being riddled with ambiguity.
Reaching Corners of Earth
He was revealed.
|“||I will convey thy message to reach the ends of the Earth||”|
|— 1 February 1886|
Prophecy concerning Abdullah Atham
Ahmadiyya Muslims see this episode as reminiscent of the prophecy of the Biblical Prophet Jonah to the city of Nineveh. They answer the critics by claiming that the original prophecy which was published in the book Jang e Muqaddas was conditional upon Atham not inclining towards 'truth' as was stated: provided he does not incline towards truth. They argue that Atham was in constant fear and backed out of his Anti-Islamic stance for the 15 months of the prophecy. Ahmadiyya Muslims say that after much jubilation was shown by the opponents of Ahmad upon Atham being alive once the time limit of the original prophecy expired, Ghulam Ahmad invited him to swear on oath that he did not entertain the least thought of the truth of Islam and the falsehood of Christianity, later offering him a promise of 4,000 rupees if he did. Atham never took an oath, which Ahmadiyya Muslims see as Atham admitting that he retracted his beliefs against Islam.
Prophecies regarding the birth of sons to his wife
He made multiple prophecies regarding birth of sons to his wife. These, his critics claimed, were not fulfilled.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community believe that the prophecy was fulfilled in the person of Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, the second Caliph while the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement believe that the prophecies related to the "promised son" are allegorical in nature.
Prayer duel with Mulvi Sana Ullah Amritsari
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad wrote in his books: To Judge my truthfulness or lies, there is no better test than my prophecies. His critics claim many instances on which the prophecies were not fulfilled, often citing biased anti-Ahmadi literature written by proponents of blasphemy laws (as opposed to published literature).
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad participated in many Prayer Duel(mubahilah) (in which Mirza Ghulam Ahmad mentioned that Liar (the devited person) will die in the life of Honest (the person on the way of truth), however after Prayer Duel with Molvi Sanaullah Amratsari, Miza Ghulam Ahmad died in 1908 by Cholera, and Molvi Sanaullah Amratsari died in 1948.
Ahmadies argue that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad did challenge prayer duel(mubahilah) to Mulvi Sana Ullah .However, Mulvi Sana Ullah did not accepted the challenge of prayer duel. He said
I neither am nor do I claim like you that I am a prophet, or a messenger, or a son of God, or a recipient of revelation. I cannot, therefore, dare to enter into such a contest. Your purpose is that if I should die before you, you will proclaim that as a proof of your righteousness and if you pass on before me (a good riddance), then who will go to your grave to call you to account? That is why you put forward such stupid proposals. I regret, however, that I dare not enter into such controversy and this lack of courage is a source of honor for me and is not a source of humiliation. (Ilhamat Mirza, p. 116)
He also wrote
I have not challenged you to a mubahilah, I have only declared my willingness to take an oath, but you call it a mubahilah, whereas a mubahilah involves the parties taking oaths in a contest against each other. I have declared my readiness to take an oath and have not issued a challenge to a mubahilah. Taking an unilateral oath is one thing and mubahilah is quite another. (Ahle Hadees, 19 April 1907)
Ahmadiyya community aruges that Prayer Duel( Mubhila ) does not occur if any party back out. Since Mulvi San Ullah did not accept the Prayer Duel ( Mubhila ), death of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad could not be attributed to the result of Prayer Duel ( Mubhila ) .
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- Mirza Ghulam Qadiani's False Predictions, from Roohany Khazaen, Vol. 19, P. 288
- The False Prophecies of a False Prophet, irsahd.org
- "Sanaullah Amritsari VS Mirza Qadiani - Urdu Islamic Article - Urdu Islamic Website - Urdu Islamic Speeches, Articles, Quran, Naats". islam40.blogspot.com.
- Ahmadiyya External links
- Prophecies of Hadhrat Ahmad. By Naeem Usman Memon
- Official Website of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
- Digital Media Library Search Engine – Online Digital Media Library audio and video content of the Ahmadiyya Community.
- Official Website of the indonesian Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
- Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran – More than 300 lessons (mp3 audio file) of Urdu translation and a thorough explanation of the Holy Qur'an by Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad (rh)
- Official Website of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam – Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-e-Islam Lahore
- The Lastprophet.org
- Refutation of false charges against Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
- Claims of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad – a slide presentation
- Extensive study showing Mirza Ghulam Ahmad did not claim to be a prophet
- Islamic Books Library @ Alislam.org – Alislam.org
- Roohani Khazain by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, 23 Volumes (Urdu pdf) from Alislam.org
- Sir Muhammad Iqbal and the Ahmadiyya Movement – Iqbal's sympathies and support for the Ahmadiyya Movement
- S. R. Valentine, Islam & the Ahmadi Jama'at: History, Belief, Practice, Hurst & Co, London, New York, 2008, passim.
- Non-Ahmadiyya External links