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Proplyds in the Orion Nebula.

A proplyd, a syllabic abbreviation of an ionized protoplanetary disk, is an externally illuminated photoevaporating disk around a young star. Nearly 180 proplyds have been discovered in the Orion Nebula.[1] Images of proplyds in other star-forming regions are rare, while Orion is the only region with a large known sample due to its relative proximity to the Earth.[2]


  1. ^ Ricci, L.; et al. (2008). "The Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys Atlas of Protoplanetary Disks in the Great Orion Nebula". Astronomical Journal. 136 (5): 2136–2151. Bibcode:2008AJ....136.2136R. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/136/5/2136. 
  2. ^ Sharkey, Colleen; Ricci, Luca (Dec 14, 2009). "Born in beauty: proplyds in the Orion Nebula" (Press release). Hubble/ESA, Garching, Germany. NASA/ESA. Retrieved Aug 4, 2015.