Propoetides

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Engraving from 1651 with Pygmalion in the foreground and the Propoetides in the background

In Greco-Roman mythology, the Propoetides (Ancient Greek: Προποιτίδες) are the daughters of Propoetus from the city of Amathus on the island of Cyprus.

Mythology[edit]

In Roman literature, they are treated by Ovid in his Metamorphoses (book 10.238 ff.):

Nevertheless, the immoral Propoetides dared to deny that Venus was the goddess. For this, because of her divine anger, they are said to have been the first to prostitute their bodies and their reputations in public, and, losing all sense of shame, they lost the power to blush, as the blood hardened in their cheeks, and only a small change turned them into hard flints.[1]

The story of Venus and her vengeance on the Propoetides for failing to worship her properly is a common theme in a number of stories and poems written about the goddess.[2]

According to Ovid, after seeing the Propoetides prostituting themselves, Pygmalion determined that he was "not interested in women".[3] This drove him to create a woman of his own in statue form, with whom he then fell in love.

According to Herodotus, ancient tradition in Cyprus "compels every woman of the land to sit in the temple of Aphrodite and have intercourse with some stranger at least once in her life."[4] Cyprus was famous for this forced sacred prostitution in the ancient world; this fame informed Ovid's tale of the Propoetides.[5] (Historian Stephanie Budin contends that this type of prostitution was a myth, and did not actually occur in Cyprus.)[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ovid's Metamorphoses, book 10, English Translation
  2. ^ Stories of the Wrath of Aphrodite
  3. ^ Morford, Mark (2007). Classical Mythology. Oxford University Press. p. 184.
  4. ^ Watson, Andrea (October 18, 2016). "It was an ancient form of sex tourism". BBC Culture. Paphos. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  5. ^ Sheriff, Mary D. (2004). Moved by Love: Inspired Artists and Deviant Women in Eighteenth-Century France. University of Chicago Press. p. 147–155. ISBN 9780226752877.
  6. ^ Stephanie, Budin (2008). The Myth of Sacred Prostitution in Antiquity. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521880909.

References[edit]