Temporal range: Late Miocene
Prosansanosmilus is an extinct genus of mammalian carnivores of the suborder Feliformia, family Barbourofelidae, which lived in Europe during the Miocene epoch (16.9—16.0 mya), existing for approximately .
Prosansanosmilus was named by Heizmann et al. (1980). Its type is Prosansanosmilus peregrinus. It was assigned to Nimravinae by Heizmann et al. (1980); to Felidae by Carroll (1988); to Barbourofelinae by Bryant (1991); and to Barbourofelidae by Morlo et al. (2004) and Morlo (2006).
A new species, P. eggeri from the Middle Eocene locality of Sandelzhausen, Germany, was described in 2004. It differed from other European barbourofelids in having a more plesiomorphic ("ancestral") morphology, with less developed sabretooth adaptations and being smaller. However, the species is stratigraphically younger than P. peregrinus; and probably part of the African faunal immigration into Europe during the Middle Eocene. 
Like all barbourofelids, Prosansanosmilus was very muscular, short legged and probably walked plantigrade (flat-footed). There are only two species of Prosansanosmilus, which lived in Spain, France and Germany during the Late Miocene epoch.
- Morlo, Michael; Peigné, Stéphane; Nagel, Doris (2004). "A new species of Prosansanosmilus: implications for the systematic relationships of the family Barbourofelidae new rank (Carnivora, Mammalia)" (PDF). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 140: 43–61. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00087.x.
- PaleoBiology Database: Prosansanosmilus, basic info
- E.P.J. Heizmann, L. Ginsburg, and C. Bulot. 1980. Prosansanosmilus peregrinus, ein neuer machairodontider Felide aus dem Miocän Deutschlands und Frankreichs. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Ser. B. 58:1-27 L. van den Hoek Ostende/L. van den Hoek Ostende
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