Prosecution association

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A prosecution association was an organization of citizens, typically in the same community, who paid dues to cover one another's costs of privately prosecuting offenders should a crime be committed against them.[1]

These were particularly popular in places and times when there was no public police force (the first public police force in Britain was established in 1829)[2] and when citizens were allowed to prosecute offenders directly rather than relying on public prosecutors. The prosecution associations sometimes also provided crime insurance to their members, and would go after offenders in an effort to obtain restitution.


  1. ^ King, Peter (2003). Crime, Justice, and Discretion in England 1740-1820. Oxford University Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-19-925907-6. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Beito, David T.; Gordon, Peter; Tabarrok, Alexander (2006-01-01). The voluntary city: markets, communities and urban planning. Academic Foundation. p. 476. ISBN 978-81-7188-572-5. Retrieved 13 August 2010.