Prosigoj

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Prosigoj
Prince of Serbia
Prince of Serbia
Reign ? – c. 830
Predecessor Radoslav
Successor Vlastimir
Born Second half of the 8th century
Died First half of the 9th century
Issue Vlastimir
Dynasty Vlastimirović
Father Radoslav
Religion Slavic

Prosigoj (Serbian: Просигој, Greek: Προσηγόης)[a] was a Serbian ruler believed to have ruled prior to c. 830. Serbia was a Slavic principality subject to the Byzantine Empire, located in the western Balkans, bordering with Bulgaria in the east. Mentioned in the De Administrando Imperio (DAI) from the mid-10th century, he succeeded his father Radoslav and was succeeded by his son Vlastimir (r. c. 830–851).

The son of Radoslav, and grandson of Višeslav,[1] the first Serbian ruler by name,[2] Prosigoj is believed to have ruled some time before c. 830,[3] or until 835.[4][better source needed] One of these most likely ruled during the revolt of Ljudevit of Lower Pannonia against the Franks (819–822).[5] According to Einhard's Royal Frankish Annals, Ljudevit fled from his seat at Sisak to the Serbs (who were believed to have been somewhere in western Bosnia) in 822,[5] with Einhard mentioning "the Serbs, who control the greater part of Dalmatia" (ad Sorabos, quae natio magnam Dalmatiae partem obtinere dicitur).[6] At this time, there was still peace with Bulgaria. His son Vlastimir is the eponymous founder of the Vlastimirović dynasty, which ruled until c. 960.

The four named succeeding Serbian rulers are not mentioned in the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (CPD),[7] a source dating to c. 1300–10[8] and largely discredited in historiography (the CPD is deemed useless for events in the Early Middle Ages).[9] Instead, the CPD mentions several historically unconfirmed or legendary rulers, Svevlad, Selimir, Vladin and Ratimir, although it maintains the patrilineal succession tradition.[10] According to Sima Lukin Lazić (1863–1904), Prosigoj was dead by the time of a Bulgar attack on Serbia following the Bulgar conquest of Frankish-held Banat and Syrmia.[11]

See also[edit]

Vlastimirović dynasty

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ In the De Administrando Imperio, his name is spelled Προσηγόης, transcribed in Latin as Prosegoës or Prosegoïs.[12] It is a Slavic dithematic name, derived from the imperative prosi, prositi, meaning "asking, begging", and noun goj, meaning "peace" and "breeding", and is related to the name Prosimir.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Samardžić & Duškov 1993, p. 24.
  2. ^ Blagojević & Petković 1989, p. 19; Živković 2006, pp. 22–23
  3. ^ Živković 2006, pp. 12–13.
  4. ^ Vojska. 14. Vojnoizdavački i novinski centar. 2005. 
  5. ^ a b Ćirković 2008, pp. 14–15.
  6. ^ Pertz 1845, p. 83.
  7. ^ SANU 1934, p. 11.
  8. ^ Živković & Kunčer 2009, pp. 362–365.
  9. ^ Živković 2006, pp. 16.
  10. ^ Živković 2006, p. 23.
  11. ^ Sima Lukin Lazić (1894). Kratka povjesnica Srba: od postanja Srpstva do danas. Štamparija Karla Albrehta. p. 37. 
  12. ^ Winkelmann, Friedhelm (2001). Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit. W. de Gruyter. p. 36. ISBN 978-3-11-016674-3. 
  13. ^ Univerza v Mariboru, Zgodovinsko društvo v Mariboru (1981). Review for history and ethnography. 15. Založba obzorja. p. 48. 

Sources[edit]

Primary sources
Secondary sources
Prosigoj
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Radoslav
Prince of Serbia
? – c. 830
Succeeded by
Vlastimir