Prospect Park, Minneapolis

Coordinates: 44°58′08″N 93°12′45″W / 44.96889°N 93.21250°W / 44.96889; -93.21250
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Prospect Park
East Minneapolis
Prospect Park viewed from Stadium Village, with the conspicuous Prospect Park Water Tower
Prospect Park viewed from Stadium Village, with the conspicuous Prospect Park Water Tower
The Angle, Tower Hill
Location of Prospect Park neighborhood within the U.S. city of Minneapolis
Location of Prospect Park neighborhood within the U.S. city of Minneapolis
Coordinates: 44°58′08″N 93°12′45″W / 44.96889°N 93.21250°W / 44.96889; -93.21250
CountryUnited States
Founded and Platted1885
Founded byLouis Menage
Named forProspect Park (Brooklyn)
City Council Ward2
 • CouncilmemberRobin Wonsley
 • Total1.241 sq mi (3.21 km2)
951 ft (284 m)
 • Total11,354
 • Density9,100/sq mi (3,500/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Postal code
Area code612
Prospect Park Residential Historic District
Prospect Park, Minneapolis is located in Minnesota
Prospect Park, Minneapolis
Prospect Park, Minneapolis is located in the United States
Prospect Park, Minneapolis
LocationRoughly bounded by University & Williams Avenues SE, Emerald Street SE, and Interstate 94, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Coordinates44°57′58″N 93°12′46″W / 44.96611°N 93.21278°W / 44.96611; -93.21278
Area138 acres (56 ha)
ArchitectSamuel Harlan Baker, Joseph H. Gilmore, et al.
NRHP reference No.15000213[3]
Designated HDMay 12, 2015
Historical population

Prospect Park is a historic neighborhood within the University community of the U.S. city of Minneapolis, Minnesota. The area is bounded by the Mississippi River to the south, the City of Saint Paul, Minnesota to the east, the Burlington Northern railroad yard to the north, and the Stadium Village commercial district of the University of Minnesota to the west. The neighborhood is composed of several districts which include the East River Road area. The 1913 Prospect Park Water Tower is a landmark and neighborhood icon.

An urban village once served by streetcar, Prospect Park is now a combination of multiple districts and uses. People live in single-family homes on Tower Hill, as well as apartment housing in the western districts. Estate homes of the early to mid 20th century line East River Road. University Avenue houses a mix of retail and restaurant businesses from the Stadium Village area.

The entire 138-acre (56 ha) core of the neighborhood was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2015 as the Prospect Park Residential Historic District for its significance in the theme of social history. It was nominated for its cohesive community spirit, developed—despite the neighborhood's hilly terrain and diverse housing stock—through such innovations as Minneapolis's first community association.[4]


In 1874 real estate tycoon Louis F. Menage began plotting new subdivisions along Minneapolis's southern boundaries.[5] Menage petitioned the City Council to accept his Prospect Park plats in 1884. Construction lasted into the 1910s as topography and geographic isolation made building difficult.[6] Houses were designed in the popular architectural styles of the period, especially the Queen Anne and the Colonial Revival styles.[6] The Minneapolis Board of Education constructed the Sidney Pratt Elementary School in 1898.[7]

Thomas Lowry's interurban commuter train served the neighborhood with its stop at Malcolm Avenue[7] until eventually the intercity line between Saint Paul and Minneapolis along University Avenue was opened. The Franklin Avenue Bridge also eventually carried a line.

1909 Racial Conflict

“Race War Started in Prospect Park.” Minneapolis Star Tribune, October 22, 1909. In 1908, a black couple, Madison and Amy Woods Jackson moved into their new brick home in Minneapolis’s Prospect Park neighborhood. They had three young daughters: Marvel, Helen and Zelma.

At the advice of his friend and fellow Pullman Porter Madison Jackson, William H. Simpson had decided to establish a home in the same middle-class neighborhood. Both Jackson and Simpson were African American. Neighbors grumbled when Jackson had moved his family into the all white neighborhood.

On October 21, 1909, a crowd of over one hundred residents marched to the Jackson residence, where Simpson was staying to oversee the construction of his new house. There, they delivered an unequivocal message to Simpson: Members of his race were not welcome in Prospect Park.[8]

Tower Hill[edit]

Tower Hill (established 1906), which is the site of the Prospect Park Water Tower, is often cited as the city's highest point[9] and a placard denotes the highest elevation at 951 feet (289.86 m), but a spot at 974 feet (296.88 m) in or near Deming Heights Park in Northeast Minneapolis is corroborated by Google Earth as the highest ground. The Tower, designed by Frederick William Cappelen, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

SEMI District[edit]

The SouthEast Industrial Area (SEMI) in the north contains light manufacturing, rail yards and remnant grain silos. Many plans for redeveloping the land have been created, including proposals from the nearby University of Minnesota.[10] Starting in the early 2000s, Wall Companies purchased land in the surrounding SEMI District with plans of creating a technology and research campus, with the goal of attracting businesses that wanted proximity to the University of Minnesota. After failing to bring this idea to fruition, a different proposal to create a food hall out of the neighboring Harris Machinery Building, taking advantage of the nearby Green Line and U of M Transitway was implemented.[11] The food hall, named Malcom Yards, was opened to the public in August 2021.[12]

A prominent structure in the SEMI is the ADM-Delmer #4 grain elevator locally known for its United Crushers graffiti on its side.[13] It was originally constructed as a part of the ADM-Delmer facility, named after its owner the Archer-Daniels-Miller company, which started construction in 1925 and ended in 1931. The site was made up of 4 grain elevators. After its abandonment, elevators #2 and #3 where demolished.[10] During the early 2000's, the local graffiti crew United Crushers tagged the southern wall of the elevator.[citation needed]


The neighborhood is demographically diverse. Tower Hill extending south to the river contains families and retired empty-nesters. The Glendale Housing project southeast of 27th Avenue SE and University Avenue SE contains 700 families with the average household income slightly above $9,000 and 32% of residents living at or below the poverty level.[14] On the former industrial areas of the west and north are newer student housing apartment buildings for both undergraduate and graduate students.


  • White 52.4%[15]
  • Black 11.0%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
  • Asian 27.0%
  • Other 0.4%
  • Two or more 4.6%


  • Not hispanic or Latino 96.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino 4.4%


Prospect Park is entirely within Minneapolis's Ward 2, currently represented by Robin Wonsley on the Minneapolis City Council. The neighborhood association, PPERRIA, founded in 1901, is the oldest neighborhood association in the city of Minneapolis.

Arts and culture[edit]

The neighborhood has an annual "Ice Cream Social," a get-together for the neighborhood with food, music and other entertainment. It is the one time of year when the interior of the Prospect Park Water Tower is opened to the public, allowing for a panoramic view of Minneapolis from the top.

Near the south end of the neighborhood on Bedford Street is the Malcolm Willey House, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and named after a University administrator. The historic significance of the house played a large part in preventing its destruction when Interstate 94 was built in the 1950s. The current goal of the neighborhood is to establish an "urban-village" feel — that is, a somewhat self-contained feel in the context of a larger city. Prospect Park also has a few surviving houses from the 19th century.[7]

The neighborhood is home to two community centers, Pratt Elementary School and Luxton Park.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Prospect Park neighborhood in Minneapolis, Minnesota (MN), 55414 detailed profile". City-Data. 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  2. ^ "Prospect Park-East River Road neighborhood data". Minnesota Compass. Retrieved April 2, 2023.
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  4. ^ Roise, Charlene; Stephanie K. Atwood; Marjorie Pearson (August 2014). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Prospect Park Residential Historic District" (PDF). National Park Service. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 11, 2016. Retrieved June 25, 2016. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ Richard Broderick (May 20, 2005). "Erased from Memory". Rake Magazine. Retrieved September 23, 2008.
  6. ^ a b Prepared by Marjorie Pearson; Senior Historian (October 2001). "Prospect Park, Minneapolis: A Historical Survey" (PDF). Hess, Roise and Company. Retrieved October 6, 2008.
  7. ^ a b c Kahn, Bill (1998). "Sidney Pratt School Centennial". Prospect Park East River Road neighborhood of Minneapolis. Retrieved October 7, 2008.
  8. ^ Star Tribune - Prospect Park 22 Oct 1909|
  9. ^ "Minnesota Preservation Planner IX (2)" (PDF). Minnesota Historical Society. Spring 1998. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 15, 2007. Retrieved March 21, 2007. and Bonham, Tim (June 10, 2001). "email". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2007. and "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S. Department of the Interior — U.S. Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. Retrieved April 11, 2007.
  10. ^ a b University District Alliance Urban Design Framework Phase III: Transforming the SEMI into a New Innovation District (PDF). University of Minnesota College of Design. 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2017.
  11. ^ Callaghan, Peter (February 2, 2017). "As Minneapolis booms, can the city preserve places where people actually make stuff?". MinnPost. Retrieved August 24, 2023.
  12. ^ Van Den Einde, Hanna. "The Market at Malcolm Yards set to open on Aug. 5". The Minnesota Daily. Retrieved August 24, 2023.
  13. ^ "About the Prospect North area of Prospect Park Neighborhood Minneapolis". Retrieved August 24, 2023.
  14. ^ Council of Large Public Housing Authorities (October 2004). "Modernization in Minneapolis Glendale Family Development: Early Childhood Family Development Center". Retrieved October 7, 2008.
  15. ^ Bureau, US Census (April 26, 2022). "2020 Census Results". Retrieved September 1, 2022.

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