Prosper-Olivier Lissagaray

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Hippolyte-Prosper-Olivier "Lissa" Lissagaray (November 24, 1838, Toulouse – January 25, 1901, Paris) was a literary animator and speaker, a Republican journalist and a French revolutionary socialist.[1]

Lissagaray was born at Toulouse to pharmacist Laurent Prosper Lissagaray and Marie-Louise Olympe Boussès de Foucaud.[2][3] On his father's side, his great-grandfather was a landowner and farmer of 200 hectares, and his grandfather a doctor.[4] The journalist Paul de Cassagnac was a cousin of Lissagaray, with whom he had a fractious relationship; his father's mother, Ursule (1775-1850), was the sister of Laurent Prosper Lissagaray. Disagreement over financial matters related to Ursule's dowry led to the poor relationship between the Lissagarays and Cassagnacs after Laurent Prosper Lissagaray's death.[5][6]

Lissagaray is known for his investigation of History of the Paris Commune of 1871, an event in which he participated. He collected testimonies from the survivors in exile in London, Switzerland and consulted all documents available at the time to ensure accuracy. He was assisted by Karl Marx in the writing of History of the Paris Commune of 1871, which was translated to English by Eleanor Marx. The current English translation is from the first edition dating in 1876. The French edition is based on the 1896 version.

Exiled in London from 1871 to 1880, he stayed in the house of the Marx family, although he was not personally liked by Mrs Marx, her daughter Laura or her husband Paul Lafargue. Eleanor "Tussy" Marx, the youngest daughter of Karl Marx, fell in love with "Lissa", 17 years older. Because of his young Tussy's depression, her father accepted the engagement between Tussy and Lissa. But at age 25, shortly after the death of her mother, Eleanor decided to break up with Lissa. He retained a strong resentment against Paul and Laura Lafargue. He had a relationship with a marchioness in the 1890s, but afterwards remained single.

Publications[edit]

Journal and articles[edit]

  • Avenir du Gers, creator et redactor in chief, 1868
  • Le Réveil, director, 1868
  • La Réforme de Vermorel, collaborator, 1869
  • La Marseillaise, creator with Henri Rochefort, 1870
  • L’Action, creator et redactor in chief, under the Commune, 1871
  • Le Tribun du peuple, creator et redactor in chief, under the Commune, 1871
  • La Bataille, redactor in chief, 1881 to 1889
  • La Grande Bataille, redactor in chief, 1893
  • La Revue blanche, numéro 92 de la huitième année, t.XII, enquête sur la commune, avril 1897, p219 and 356.

Bibliography[edit]

(in English) Prosper Olivier Lissagaray, "History of the Paris Commune of 1871", Red and Black Publishers, St Petersburg, Florida, 2007. ISBN 978-0-9791813-4-4.
  • Plus d’Angleterre, Anonyme, 1887.
  • Le bilan de Boulanger, Sté des Droits de l'homme et du citoyen, Paris, 25p., 1888.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (in French) René Bidouze, Lissagaray la plume et l’épée, Éditions ouvrières, Collection La part des hommes, 238 p., 1991
  2. ^ https://www.appl-lachaise.net/appl/article.php3?id_article=2746
  3. ^ Lissagaray, la plume et l'épée, René Bidouze, Les Éditions Ouvrières, 1991, p. 14
  4. ^ Lissagaray, la plume et l'épée, René Bidouze, Les Éditions Ouvrières, 1991, p. 14
  5. ^ Paul de Cassagnac and the authoritarian tradition in nineteenth-century France, Karen M. Offen, Garland Publishing, 1991, p. 12
  6. ^ Lissagaray, la plume et l'épée, René Bidouze, Les Éditions Ouvrières, 1991, p. 15

References[edit]

  • (in French) René Bidouze, Lissagaray la plume et l’épée, Éditions ouvrières, Collection La part des hommes, 238 p., 1991.