Prosperous Justice Party
|Founded||20 April 2002
(20 July 1998 as Justice Party)
40 / 560
The Prosperous Justice Party (Indonesian: Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (PKS)), sometimes called the Justice and Prosperity Party, is a political party in Indonesia. The party has been called Islamist for its calls for Islam to play a central role in public life. PKS is led by Sohibul Iman.
The party was established as the Justice Party on July 20, 1998, with Nurmahmudi Ismail as its first president. The Justice Party was reconstituted as the Prosperous Justice Party in April 2002 after the Justice Party failed to meet the required two percent of electoral threshold in the 1999 election that it needed to contest the 2004 election. During the 2004 legislative elections, the PKS won 7.3% of the popular vote and 45 out of 550 seats, making it the seventh-largest party in parliament. This was a gain from the 1.4% received in 1999. In addition, its leader Hidayat Nur Wahid was elected speaker of the People's Consultative Assembly. PKS's strongest support is in major urban centers, particularly Jakarta, where it won the largest share of seats in 2004. In the 2009 elections, the party's came fourth, its share of the vote rose to 7.88% and it gained 12 extra legislative seats.
The PKS is known for its public opposition to political corruption; this stance was widely reported as a major factor in the party's increased success in 2004. However, this image has been under attack in recent times, as several alleged cases of grafts are suspected to be connected to several prominent party politicians. The party is closely associated with Islamic teachings, but according to its leadership does not promote the mandatory implementation of sharia, requiring Indonesia's Muslims to follow Islamic law. Many of its campaigns are based on conservative religious teachings, such as opposition to the selling of pornography, and for strict punishments for violations of narcotics laws.
The party has been associated with the Egypt-based Muslim Brotherhood; several of its founders attended Brotherhood-related schools. The organization stages rallies supporting Hamas in its conflict with Israel, and against the influence of the United States both in the Middle East and in Indonesia.
Over the years, the party has experienced prolonged internal rivalry, particularly between camps that can be identified as pragmatist on the one hand, and idealist on the other. The pragmatist camp has generally been made up of younger, secular-educated functionaries while older functionaries who often are graduates from institutes in the Middle East make up the idealist camp.
The October 5, 2011 edition of Indonesian TV news program "Liputan 6 Petang" reported PKS Deputy Secretary-General and member of Indonesia's House of Representatives Fahri Hamzah had recently floated the idea of disbanding Indonesia's Corruption Eradication Commission (Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi or KPK). According to Kompas daily, Deputy Chairman of House of Representatives Commission III responsible for legal affairs, human rights and security Fahri Hamzah first made the suggestion to disband the Corruption Eradication Commission in a consultation meeting at the House on Monday October 3, 2011.
The party saw a rapid succession of secretary generals in the 2010s. In 2013, Lutfi Hasan Ishaaq was arrested by the Corruption Eradication Commission over a graft case; Anis Matta was chosen to replace him; and finally, Taufik Ridho succeeded Matta only to die of medical complications on 6 February 2017. Matta was only 52 years old.
The party's vision is to bring about a civil society that is just, prosperous and dignified.
Its mission is to:
- Pioneer reforms to the political system, government and the bureaucracy, the judicial system and the military to be committed to strengthening democracy.
- Address poverty, reduce unemployment and improve the prosperity of all elements of society through a strategy to equalize incomes, high value-added growth and sustained development.
- Move towards just education by providing the maximum possible opportunities for all the Indonesian people.
Legislative election results
|Election||Total seats won||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election||Election leader|
7 / 500
|1,436,565||1.36%||7 seats||Nur Mahmudi Ismail|
45 / 550
|8,325,020||7.34%||38 seats||Hidayat Nur Wahid|
57 / 560
|8,204,946||7.88%||12 seats, Governing coalition (Demokrat-Golkar-PKS-PAN-PPP-PKB)||Tifatul Sembiring|
40 / 560
|8,480,204||6.79%||17 seats, Opposition (Red & White Coalition)||Anis Matta|
- "Salim Segaf Ketua Majelis Syuro, M. Sohibul Iman President PKS" (in Indonesian). CNN Indonesia. 10 August 2015.
- Hamayotsu, Kikue (September 2011). "The Political Rise of the Prosperous Justice Party in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia: Examining the Political Economy of Islamist Mobilization in a Muslim Democracy". Asian Survey. 51 (5): 971–992. doi:10.1525/as.2011.51.5.971. JSTOR 10.1525/as.2011.51.5.971.
- Yon Machmudi (November 2008). "The Rise of Jemaah Tarbiyah and the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS)". ANU Press.
- Mohamad Ramadan Habibi; Noor Naemah Abd Rahman; Kamaruzzaman Bustaman Ahmad. "PROSPEROUS JUSTICE PARTY (PKS) IN THE INDONESIAN MASS MEDIA". academia.edu.
- Dhume, Sadanand (1 December 2005). "Indonesian Democracy's Enemy Within". YaleGlobal Online. Archived from the original on 13 April 2009.
- "KPU Ubah Perolehan Kursi Parpol di DPR (KPU Changes Allocations of Parties' seats in the DPR)". Indonesian General Election Commission (in Indonesian). 14 May 2009. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
- Hasyim Widhiarto; Rendi Akhmad Witular (March 28, 2011). "Alleged cases of graft shaking up ostensibly clean PKS". Jakarta Post.
- "Diduga Korupsi, Sejumlah Petinggi PKS Dilaporkan ke BK DPR". MetroTVNews.com (in Indonesian). 17 March 2011. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011.
- Taufik Hidayat (27 March 2011). "Isu Poligami & Korupsi Menggembosi Dukungan PKS". Okezone.com (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 22 March 2012.
- Indonesia: Islamic party not to implement Shari'ah "strictly" if elected. BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific, May 3, 2006.
- Alliance failes to coax PKS on porn bill. The Jakarta Post, July 8, 2006
- Gov't urged to execute convicted drug traffickers on death row soon. Antara March 22, 2005
- Parties protest Israeli attack, The Jakarta Post, July 17, 2006.
- Nakashima, Ellen (January 14, 2005). "Indonesian Islamic party reaps rewards of goodwill". The Washington Post.
- Muhtadi, Burhanuddin (2012). Dilema PKS: Suara dan Syariah (in Indonesian). Jakarta, Indonesia: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia (KPG). p. 335. ISBN 9789799104380. Archived from the original on 10 March 2016.
- "Anis Matta: Jangan Sentimentil Tanggapi Fahri Hamzah". Detik News (in Indonesian). 5 October 2011.
- "Fahri Hamzah: KPK Harus Jaga Omongan (Fahri Hamzah: KPK has to watch what it says)". fahrihamzah.com (in Indonesian). 4 October 2011. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012.
- "Burhanuddin: Fahri "Blunder" jika Ingin Bubarkan KPK (Burhanuddin: Fahri made a blunder by suggesting KPK be disbanded)". Kompas (in Indonesian). 5 October 2011.
- Former PKS secretary general dies at 52. Jakarta Post, 6 February 2017. Accessed 14 February 2017.
- "Falsafah Dasar Perjuangan dan Platform Kebijakan Pembangunan PKS (Basic Philosophy and Development Policy Playform of the PKS)". PKS official (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 23 October 2016.