Prostaglandin-E2 9-reductase

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prostaglandin-E2 9-reductase
Identifiers
EC number 1.1.1.189
CAS number 42613-35-4
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a prostaglandin-E2 9-reductase (EC 1.1.1.189) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(5Z,13E)-(15S)-9alpha,11alpha,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13-dienoate + NADP+ (5Z,13E)-(15S)-11alpha,15-dihydroxy-9-oxoprosta-5,13-dienoate + NADPH + H+

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are (5Z,13E)-(15S)-9alpha,11alpha,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13-dienoate and NADP+, whereas its 3 products are (5Z,13E)-(15S)-11alpha,15-dihydroxy-9-oxoprosta-5,13-dienoate, NADPH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (5Z,13E)-(15S)-9alpha,11alpha,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13-dienoate:NADP+ 9-oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include PGE2-9-OR, reductase, 15-hydroxy-9-oxoprostaglandin, 9-keto-prostaglandin E2 reductase, 9-ketoprostaglandin reductase, PGE-9-ketoreductase, PGE2 9-oxoreductase, PGE2 reductase-9-ketoreductase, prostaglandin 9-ketoreductase, prostaglandin E 9-ketoreductase, and prostaglandin E2 reductase-9-oxoreductase. This enzyme participates in arachidonic acid metabolism.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 3 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1Q13, 1Q5M, and 2PFG.

References[edit]

  • Lee SC, Levine L (1975). "Purification and regulatory properties of chicken heart prostaglandin E 9-ketoreductase". J. Biol. Chem. 250 (12): 4549–55. PMID 166995. 
  • Schlegel W, Kruger S, Korte K (1984). "Purification of prostaglandin E2 reductase-9-oxoreductase from human decidua vera". FEBS Lett. 171 (1): 141–4. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(84)80475-5. PMID 6586494. 
  • Tai HH, Yuan B (1982). "Purification and assay of 9-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase from rat kidney". Methods Enzymol. 86: 113–7. doi:10.1016/0076-6879(82)86178-8. PMID 7132747. 
  • Watkins JD, Jarabak J (1985). "The effect of NaCl intake on 9-ketoprostaglandin reductase activity in the rabbit kidney". Prostaglandins. 30 (2): 335–49. doi:10.1016/0090-6980(85)90196-0. PMID 3901124.