Prostitution in Albania
Prostitution in Albania is illegal but widespread.
Prior to the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, prostitution in Albania was virtually unknown. Migration from rural areas to cities, and the economic problems following the Soviet collapse, caused some women to turn to prostitution.
Street prostitution occurs near the centre of the capital, Tirana, mainly by Roma men and women. Some students work as prostitutes from hotels or motels in Tirana and other large cities, where brothels are also found.
Three articles of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Albania outlaw prostitution and related activities:
- Article 113, Prostitution (buying and selling of sex)
- Article 114, Exploitation of prostitution ("encouragement, mediation, or receipt of compensation for exercising prostitution")
- Article 115, Use of premises for prostitution ("managing, utilizing, financing, or renting premises for purposes of prostitution")
- Articles 110(a) and 128(b) prohibit sex and labour trafficking and prescribe penalties of eight to 15 years's imprisonment.
Albania is a source, transit route, and destination country for women and children subjected to sex trafficking. Albanian women and children are also domestically subjected to sex trafficking, especially during tourist season. Traffickers use false promises, such as offers of marriage or employment, to entice victims, and increasingly use social media for this purpose. Albanian victims are subjected to sex trafficking in countries across Europe, particularly Kosovo, Greece, Italy, and the United Kingdom. People from Eastern European countries, Philippines, and Nigeria have been subjected to sex trafficking in Albania. Middle Eastern, Central Asian and African migrants who transit Albania to reach Western Europe are also vulnerable.
In 2016, twenty-one suspects were investigated for child trafficking, and 48 for adult trafficking.
The United States Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons ranks Albania as a 'Tier 2' country.
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- "Sex Work in Albania – an Overview". SWAN. 1 October 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
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- "Criminal codes" (PDF). Legislationline. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
- "Albania 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2018. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.