Prostitution statistics by country

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In 2012 it was estimated that there were between 40 and 42 million prostitutes in the world.[1] The list of countries below provides an estimate for the number of people working as prostitutes in each country.

Methodology[edit]

There are a number of difficulties involved in collecting meaningful prostitution statistics. For example, the greater visibility of some forms of prostitution, such as street prostitution, makes statistics on these forms easier to collect. However, in some countries street prostitution forms a much smaller part of the sex industry than indoor prostitution. Similarly sex workers with health, addiction and other support needs are more likely to be known to the authorities and hence easier for researchers to contact, but may not be representative of prostitution as a whole. National Ugly Mugs, a support organisation for sex workers in the United Kingdom, has identified several factors making it difficult to collect statistics for the sex industry, including low response rates, the small scale of research compared to the size of the sex industry, and the diversity of the industry. As a result published statistics are often conflicting and contested.[2]

In countries where prostitution is illegal, the use of arrest data to create general prostitution statistics can be misleading. The majority of prostitutes are never arrested, and those who are can often be charged with other offences instead. Class bias may be introduced into the statistics as a result of police officers being more likely to arrest street prostitutes than high-class call girls. In comparing one area with another there may be differences in the definition of a crime, the police enforcement rate, and the possibility of the inflation of arrest figures or the under-reporting of crime.[3]

Due to the unregulated and often illegal nature of the work, only estimates are available for the number of prostitutes in a country. The numbers for a country can vary considerably dependent on the source. Some countries' numbers may suffer from poor methodology. In other cases, results may be influenced by whether the organisation producing the numbers is for or against the nature of the work. Where available, figures are taken from Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS 2016 "Sex Workers: Size Estimates."

Numbers of prostitutes
Country Number of prostitutes
Source: UNAIDS 2016
Sex Workers: Size Estimates
[4]
Number of prostitutes
Other sources and year
Population[5] Prevalence
(prostitutes per
10,000 population)
Afghanistan 13,000 34,656,032 4
Albania 5,000 - 30,000 (2006)[6] 2,926,348 17 - 103
Algeria No data 40,606,052 -
Angola 33,000 28,813,463 12
Antigua and Barbuda 755 100,963 75
Argentina 75,000 43,847,430 18
Armenia 5,600 2,924,816 17
Australia 21,000 24,125,848 9
Austria  30,000 (2013)[7] 8,712,137 34
Azerbaijan 25,000 9,725,376 26
Bahamas 3,035 391,232 78
Bahrain 13,500 (2007)[8] 1,425,171 95
Bangladesh 140,000 162,951,560 9
Belarus 22,000 9,480,042 23
Belgium 26,000 (2015)[9] 11,358,379 23
Benin 15,000 10,872,298 14
Bhutan 400 - 500 (2017)[10] 797,765 5 - 6
Bolivia 31,000 10,887,882 29
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,000 3,516,816 11
Botswana 4,200 2,250,260 19
Brazil 550,000 207,652,865 26
Bulgaria 10,000 7,131,494 14
Burkina Faso 31,000 18,646,433 17
Burundi 51,000 10,524,117 49
Cambodia 34,000 15,762,370 22
Cameroon 110,000 23,439,189 47
Canada No data 36,289,822 -
Cape Verde 1,400 539,560 26
Central African Republic 782 4,594,621 2
Chad 1,200 14,452,543 1
Chile No data 17,909,754 -
China 2,800,000 - 4,500,000 (2010)[11] 1,403,500,365 14 - 32
Colombia 7,200 48,653,419 2
Comoros 200 795,601 3
Congo No data 5,125,821 -
Costa Rica 15,000 (unknown)[12] 4,857,274 31
Croatia 21,066 (2006)[13] 4,213,265 50
Cuba 89,000 11,475,982 78
Cyprus No data 1,170,125 -
Czech Republic 13,000 10,610,947 12
Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,900,000 78,736,153 368
Denmark 6,000 (2009)[14] 5,711,870 11
Djibouti 2,900 942,333 31
Dominican Republic 60,000 - 100,000 (2013)[15] 10,648,791 56 - 94
East Timor 1,700 1,268,671 13
Ecuador 34,000 16,385,068 21
Egypt 23,000 95,688,681 2
El Salvador 20,000 6,344,722 32
Equatorial Guinea 5,800 1,221,490 41
Eritrea 1,600 4,954,645 3
Estonia 1,000 1,312,442 7
Ethiopia 19,000 102,403,196 2
Federated States of Micronesia 290 104,937 29
Fiji 857 898,760 10
Finland 4,000 (2009)[14] 5,503,132 7
France 30,000 (2018)[16] 64,720,690 5
Gabon 368 1,979,786 2
Gambia 3,100 2,038,501 15
Georgia 6,500 3,925,405 17
Germany 300,000 (2009)[14] 81,914,672 37
Ghana 52,000 28,206,728 18
Greece 10,500 –15,000 (2009)[14] 11,183,716 9 - 13
Guatemala 26,000 16,582,469 16
Guinea 8,400 12,395,924 7
Guinea-Bissau 3,100 1,815,698 17
Guyana 5,300 773,303 69
Haiti 70,000 10,847,334 65
Honduras 23,000 9,112,867 25
Hungary 20,000 - 25,000 (2006)[17] 9,753,281 21 - 26
India 660,000 1,324,171,354 5
Indonesia 230,000 261,115,456 9
Iran 91,500 (2015)[18] 80,277,428 11
Iraq No data 37,202,572 -
Ireland 1,000 4,726,078 2
Israel 12,000 (2015)[19] 8,191,828 15
Italy 60,000 (2009)[14] 59,429,938 10
Ivory Coast 9,200 23,695,919 4
Jamaica 19,000 2,881,355 66
Japan No data 127,748,513 -
Jordan No data 9,455,802 -
Kazakhstan 19,000 17,987,736 11
Kenya 130,000 48,461,567 27
Kiribati 114 114,395 10
Kuwait No data 4,052,584 -
Kyrgyzstan 7,100 5,955,734 12
Laos 13,000 6,758,353 19
Latvia 29,558 (2006)[13] 1,970,530 150
Lebanon 4,200 6,006,668 7
Lesotho 6,300 2,203,821 29
Liberia 1,800 4,613,823 2
Libya No data 6,293,253 -
Lithuania 1,000 – 3,000 (unknown)[20] 2,908,249 3 - 10
Luxembourg 300 (2009)[14] 575,747 5
Macedonia 3,600 2,081,206 17
Madagascar 170,000 24,894,551 68
Malawi 9,300 18,091,575 5
Malaysia 21,000 31,187,265 7
Maldives 1,139 (2013)[21] 427,756 27
Mali 36,000 17,994,837 20
Marshall Islands 250 53,066 47
Mauritania 315 4,301,018 1
Mauritius 6,200 1,262,132 49
Mexico 240,000 127,540,423 19
Moldova 12,000 4,059,608 30
Mongolia 1,300 3,027,398 4
Morocco 75,000 35,276,786 21
Mozambique 14,000 28,829,476 5
Myanmar 66,000 52,885,223 13
Namibia 8,100 2,479,713 33
Nepal 67,000 28,982,771 23
Netherlands 25,000 16,987,330 15
New Zealand 5,932 (2005)[22] 4,660,833 13
Nicaragua 18,000 6,149,928 29
Niger 47,000 20,672,987 23
Nigeria 100,000 185,989,640 5
North Korea 25,000 (2014)[23] 25,368,620 10
Norway 3,000 (2009)[14] 5,254,694 6
Oman No data 4,424,762 -
Pakistan 230,000 193,203,476 12
Palestine No data 4,790,705 -
Panama 5,200 4,034,119 13
Papua New Guinea No data 8,084,991 -
Paraguay 3,400 6,725,308 5
Peru 67,000 31,773,839 21
Philippines 150,000 103,320,222 15
Poland 19,000 (unknown)[12] 38,224,410 5
Portugal  28,000 (2005)[24] 10,371,627 27
Qatar No data 2,569,804 -
Romania 15,8225 (2006)[13] 19,778,083 80
Russia 1,000,000 - 3,000,000 (2016)[25] 143,964,513 70 - 208
Rwanda 12,000 11,917,508 10
Samoa 400 195,125 21
São Tomé and Príncipe 89 199,910 5
Saudi Arabia No data 32,275,687 -
Senegal 21,000 15,411,614 14
Serbia 3,900 8,820,083 4
Seychelles 586 94,228 62
Sierra Leone 240,000 7,396,190 325
Singapore No data 5,622,455 -
Slovakia  21,777 (2006)[13] 5,444,218 40
Slovenia 29,090 (2006)[13] 2,077,862 140
Somalia 11,000 14,317,996 7
South Africa 24,000 56,015,473 4
South Korea 500,000 - 1,000,000 (2013)[26] 50,791,919 98 - 197
South Sudan 5,000 12,230,730 4
Spain 70,000 46,347,576 15
Sri Lanka 14,000 20,798,492 7
Sudan 210,000 39,578,828 53
Suriname 2,200 558,368 39
Swaziland 4,000 1,343,098 30
Sweden 2,500 (2009)[14] 9,837,533 3
Switzerland 20,000 8,401,739 24
Syria 25,000 18,430,453 14
Taiwan 100,000 (2011)[27] 23,556,706 43
Tajikistan 14,000 8,734,951 16
Tanzania 160,000 55,572,201 29
Thailand 150,000 68,863,514 22
Togo 10,000 7,606,374 13
Tonga 1,000 107,122 93
Tunisia 25,000 11,403,248 22
Turkey 100,000+ (2016)[28] 79,512,426 13+
Turkmenistan 5,663 (2006)[13] 5,662,544 10
Tuvalu 10 11,097 9
Trinidad and Tobago 1000 (2016) 1,353,895 7.3
Uganda No data 41,487,965 -
Ukraine 80,000 44,438,625 18
United Arab Emirates 30,000 (unknown)[12] 9,269,612 32
United Kingdom 72,800 (2016)[29] 65,788,574 11
United States  1,000,000 (2010)[30] 322,179,605 31
Uruguay 8,200 3,444,006 24
Uzbekistan 22,000 31,446,795 7
Vanuatu 2,000 270,402 74
Venezuela 473,523 (2006)[13] 31,568,179 150
Vietnam 72,000 94,569,072 7
Yemen 54,000 27,584,213 20
Zambia 9,300 16,591,390 6
Zimbabwe 12,383 (2013)[31] 16,150,362 8

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gus Lubin (17 January 2012). "There Are 42 Million Prostitutes In The World, And Here's Where They Live". Business Insider. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  2. ^ Home Affairs Committee (15 June 2016). Prostitution: Third Report of Session 2016–17 (PDF) (Report). House of Commons. pp. 8–9.
  3. ^ Flowers, Ronald B. (1998). The Prostitution of Women and Girls. McFarland. p. 15. ISBN 9780786404902.
  4. ^ "Sex workers: Population size estimate - Number, 2016". www.aidsinfoonline.org. UNAIDS. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Total Population - Both Sexes". World Population Prospects, the 2017 Revision. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, Population Estimates and Projections Section. June 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Sex Work in Albania – an Overview". SWAN. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Austria: Discriminations against Sex Workers in the Rights to Work and to Health". Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. November 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  8. ^ Shaw, Susan M.; Barbour, Nancy Staton; Duncan, Patti; Freehling-Burton, Kryn; Nichols, Jane (December 2017). Women's Lives around the World: A Global Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 26. ISBN 978-1610697118.
  9. ^ Vlassenbroeck, Julien (18 May 2015). "Plus de 20 000 prostituées soumises à l'exploitation en Belgique". RTBF Info (in French). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  10. ^ Pem, Damchoe (29 July 2017). "400 to 500 possible sex workers in Bhutan - The Bhutanese". The Bhutanese. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  11. ^ "Sex Work & HIV - China" (PDF). Aids Data Hub. August 2010. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  12. ^ a b c "Number of Prostitutes by Country - Havocscope". Havocscope. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Vandepitte, J; Lyerla, R; Dallabetta, G; Crabbé, F; Alary, M; Buvé, A (2006). "Estimates of the number of female sex workers in different regions of the world". Sexually Transmitted Infections. 82 (Suppl 3): iii18–iii25. doi:10.1136/sti.2006.020081. PMC 2576726. PMID 16735288.
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  15. ^ "10 Of The Most Popular Destinations For Sex Tourism". The Richest. 21 June 2014. Archived from the original on 22 June 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  16. ^ "France 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  17. ^ "Report on the demand side of sexual services in Hungary" (PDF). ICCR-Budapest Foundation. September 2006. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  18. ^ Sharifi, Hamid; Karamouzian, Mohammad; Baneshi, Mohammad Reza; Shokoohi, Mostafa; Haghdoost, AliAkbar; McFarland, Willi; Mirzazadeh, Ali (10 August 2017). "Population size estimation of female sex workers in Iran: Synthesis of methods and results". PLoS ONE. 12 (8): e0182755. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0182755. PMC 5552099. PMID 28796847.
  19. ^ "12,000 women work in prostitution in Israel, gov't says". Times of Israel. 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  20. ^ "Lithuania". SWAN. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  21. ^ "National Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS" (PDF). Ministry of Health Republic of Maldives. 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
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  24. ^ João Saramago, Estrangeiras dominam prazer, Correio da Manhã (17th March 2005)
  25. ^ Alexeeva, Anna (14 July 2017). ""Я одинок, но это уже привычка". Монологи жиголо". Snob (in Russian). Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  26. ^ Ghosh, Palash (29 April 2013). "South Korea: A Thriving Sex Industry In A Powerful, Wealthy Super-State". International Business Times. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  27. ^ Hsu, Jenny W. (16 November 2011). "The Trouble With Taiwan's New Prostitution Rules". WSJ. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
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