Protected areas of Bihar

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Forest and Protected area in Bihar[1]
Description Area Area (in km2) Percentage
Forest Area 6,473 6.87 %
Very DenseForest 76 0.08%
Dense Forest 2,951 3.13 %
Open Forest 2,531 2.69 %
Protected Forest Area 3,208 3.41 %
Protected Non-Forest Area 76.30

Bihar is a state in East India. It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to the west, Nepal to the north, West Bengal to the east and Jharkhand to the south. About 7% of the state is protected forest area.


Bihar has notified forest area of 6,764.14 km², which is 7.1 percent of its geographical area.[2]

The sub-Himalayan foothills of the Someshwar and Dun mountain ranges in West Champaran district are clad in a belt of moist deciduous forest. As well as trees, this consists of scrub, grass and reeds. Here the annual rainfall is above 1,600 mm and this promotes luxuriant sal forests (Shorea robusta) in the favoured areas. Bihar has 3,208 km2 (~3.41%) of Protected Forest Area and 76.30 km 2 of Protected Non-Forest Area. Bihar is one of the states that has taken "considerable" steps to implement the "Scheduled Tribes and Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006".[3]

List of protected areas[edit]

Protected area in Bihar[1]
S.N. Name Districts of Bihar Type Area(km²) Estd Year
1 Valmiki National Park West Champaran National Park 335.65 1989
2 Barela Salim Ali Zubba Saheni Wildlife Sanctuary Vaishali Wildlife Sanctuary 1.96 1997
3 Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary Munger Wildlife Sanctuary 681.99 1976
4 Gautam Buddha Bird Sanctuary Gaya Wildlife Sanctuary 259.48 1971
5 Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary Begusarai Wildlife Sanctuary 67.5 1987
6 Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary 1342.22 1979
7 Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary Jamui Wildlife Sanctuary 7.91 1987
8 Nakti Dam Bird Sanctuary Jamui Wildlife Sanctuary 3.32 1987
9 Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary 35.84 1978
10 Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park Patna Zoo and Botanic Garden 153 1969
11 Udaypur Vany Prani Sanctuary Champaran Wildlife Sanctuary 8.74 1978
12 Valmiki Vany Prani Sanctuary West Champaran Wildlife Sanctuary 880.78 1976
13 Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary Bhagalpur Wildlife Sanctuary 60 km in length 1990

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Sanctuaries and National Parks of Bihar Department of Environment & Forest, Bihar
  2. ^ "State Profile". Gov. of India. 
  3. ^ "Flora & Fauna". The Times Of India. 18 November 2008. 

External links[edit]