Protected areas of Kyrgyzstan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Protected areas of Kyrgyzstan are regulated by the law on specially protected natural areas of 2 May 2011, last modified on 2 June 2018.[1] In total, they cover 14,761.216 km2 (5,699.337 sq mi) and account for 7.38% of the country's total area (as of 2017).[2][3] The first protected area in Kyrgyzstan (Issyk-Kul) was established in 1948.[3] According to the Government Decree on Priorities of Conservation of Biological Diversity and the relevant Action Plan for 2014-2024 the target area for the protected areas in Kyrgyzstan is 10 percent of the country’s area by 2024.[4]

The protected areas are subdivided into seven categories:[3]

Category IUCN category Number Total area (km2)
Nature Reserve Ia 10 5,099.527
Nature Park II 13 7,246.702
Geological Reserve III 19 1.00
Integrated Reserve IV 2 101.42
Botanical Reserve IV 23 61.154
Game Reserve IV 12 2,223.25
Forest Reserve IV 8 28.163

Nature Reserves[edit]

The Nature Reserves (Kyrgyz: жаратылыш коругу, Russian: природный заповедник) are the strictest protected areas, in which little human activity is allowed. As of 2017, there were 10 nature reserves:[3]

Nature Reserve Established Region District Area (km2) Remarks
Besh-Aral 21 March 1979 Jalal-Abad Chatkal 1,124.633 Conservation of the habitat of the Menzbier's Marmot and protection of West Tien-Shan flora
Dashman 12 July 2012 Jalal-Abad Bazar-Korgon 79.581
Issyk-Kul 10 December 1948 Issyk-Kul Issyk-Kul 189.990 Conservation of Ramsar wetlands
Karatal-Japyryk 1 March 1994 Naryn Naryn 363.926
Kulun-Ata 11 August 2004 Osh Kara-Kulja 274.340
Naryn 29 December 1983 Naryn Naryn 369.690
Padysha-Ata 3 July 2003 Jalal-Abad Aksy 305.564
Sarychat-Eertash 10 March 1995 Issyk-Kul Jeti-Ögüz 1,491.179
Sary-Chelek 5 March 1959 Jalal-Abad Aksy 238.680 Biosphere reserve, conservation of biodiversity and typical landscapes and unique Sary-Chelek Lake
Surmatash 27 June 2009 Batken Kadamjay 661.944

Nature Parks[edit]

The Nature Parks (Kyrgyz: жаратылыш паркы, Russian: природный парк) are IUCN Category II protected areas. In contrast to the nature reserves, recreational uses are permitted in nature parks. As of 2017, there were 13 nature parks:[3]

Nature Park Established Region District Area (km2)
Ala-Archa 1976 Chuy Alamüdün 164.845
Alatay 2016 Jalal-Abad Toktogul 568.264
Besh-Tash 1996 Talas Talas 137.315
Chong-Kemin 1997 Chuy Kemin 1,236.540
Kan-Achuu 2015 Jalal-Abad Toguz-Toro 304.965
Kara-Buura 2013 Talas Kara-Buura 615.439
Karakol 1997 Issyk-Kul Karakol 380.953
Kara-Shoro 1996 Osh Özgön 144.402
Khan-Tengiri 2016 Issyk-Kul Ak-Suu 2,758.003
Kyrgyz-Ata 1992 Osh Nookat 111.720
Salkyn-Tör 2001 Naryn Naryn 104.190
Sarkent 2009 Batken Leylek 399.994
Saymaluu-Tash 2001 Jalal-Abad Toguz-Toro 320.072

Natural Monuments[edit]

There are 19 official natural monuments (IUCN Category III) (Kyrgyz: жаратылыш эстелиги, Russian: памятник природы) or hydrogeological reserves (Kyrgyz: гидрогеологиялык заказник, Russian: гидрогеологический заказник) in Kyrgyzstan:[5]

Natural Monument Region District
Abshir-Ata Waterfall Osh Nookat
Ajydaar-Üngkür (cave) Osh Nookat
Ala-Myshyk Cave Naryn Naryn
At-Bashy Canyon Naryn At-Bashy
Barskoon Waterfall Issyk-Kul Jeti-Ögüz
Big Gates Cave (Barite Cave) Osh Nookat
Chil-Mayram Cave (Beshüngkür) Osh Aravan
Chil-Ustun cave Osh Aravan
Dangi Canyon Osh Nookat
Jeti-Ögüz Rocks Issyk-Kul Jeti-Ögüz
Jiydeli Cave Batken Kadamjay
Kan-i-Gut cave Batken Batken
Kara-Jygach Rocks Jalal-Abad Aksy
Kögüchkön-Sugat Waterfall Chuy Alamüdün
Kök-Jerty Canyon Naryn Naryn
Sogon-Tash Cave Jalal-Abad Bazar-Korgon
Tegerek Waterfall Jalal-Abad Bazar-Korgon
Ysyk-Ata Waterfall Chuy Ysyk-Ata

Integrated Reserves[edit]

As of 2017, there were 2 integrated or complex reserves:

Integrated Reserve Established Region District Area (km2)
Ak-Suu 1971 Chuy Moskva 76
Talas 1973 Talas Bakay-Ata, Talas 1300

Botanical Reserves[edit]

As of 2017, there were 23 botanical reserves:

Botanical Reserve Established Region District Area (km2)
Almaly (Yablonevoye) 1978 Chuy Jayyl 1.0
Aydarken (Khaydarken) 1975 Batken Kadamjay 0.3
Aygül-Tash 2009 Batken Batken
Baydamtal 1975 Issyk-Kul Tong 0.2
Chanach (Kanysh) 1975 Jalal-Abad Ala-Buka 0.3
Chatkal Jalal-Abad Ala-Buka
Chong-Aryk 1978 Chuy Alamüdün 0.8
Chong-Kuurchak 1979 Chuy Alamüdün 1.0
Chyrandy 1975 Batken Kadamjay 5.0
Janggakty 1975 Batken Leylek 0.8
Jel-Tiybes 1975 Jalal-Abad Aksy 8.0
Kosh-Tektir 1975 Jalal-Abad Ala-Buka 0.4
Kyrgyz-Ata 1975 Osh Nookat 0.3
Kyrgyz-Gava 1975 Jalal-Abad Bazar-Korgon 0.5
Maymak 1980 Talas Kara-Buura 0.4
Ming-Kush 1984 Naryn Jumgal 0.77
Oy-Kayyng 1975 Osh Alay 0.5
Ryazan-Say Jalal-Abad Aksy
Sary-Mogol 1975 Osh Alay 0.6
Shilbili-Say 1980 Talas Kara-Buura 1.0
Sülüktü 1975 Batken Sülüktü (city) 0.3
Suusamyr 1990 Chuy Jayyl 21.7
Tüp 1975 Issyk-Kul Tüp 1.0

Game Reserves[edit]

Game Reserve Established Region District Area (km2)
Ak-Buura 1975 Osh Kara-Suu 100
Chandalash 1975 Jalal-Abad Chatkal 253
Chatyr-Köl 1972 Naryn At-Bashy 1,900
Chychkan 1973 Jalal-Abad Toktogul 360
Gülchö 1968 Osh Alay 6.0
Jardy-Kayyngdy 1976 Chuy Panfilov 87
Jargylchak 1990 Issyk-Kul Jeti-Ögüz 230.98
Jazy 1975 Osh Özgön 50
Jeti-Ögüz 1958 Issyk-Kul Jeti-Ögüz 316.1
Keng-Suu 1990 Issyk-Kul Tüp 87.12
Kochkor 1977 Naryn Kochkor 20
Teploklyuchenka 1958 Issyk-Kul Ak-Suu 322
Toguz-Toro 1977 Jalal-Abad Toguz-Toro 50
Tüp 1976 Issyk-Kul Tüp 150

Forest Reserves[edit]

Forest Reserve Established Region District Area (km2)
Baltyr-Khan 1975 Jalal-Abad Aksy 3.04
Bülölü 1975 Osh Alay 3.84
Iyri-Suu Naryn Naryn
Jylgyndy 1975 Osh Nookat 3.00
Kayyngdy 1977 Naryn Naryn 1.00
Kichi Ak-Suu 1977 Issyk-Kul Issyk-Kul 1.00
Kuru-Köl 1975 Jalal-Abad Ala-Buka 3.48
Miskin-Say 1975 Jalal-Abad Ala-Buka 4.83
Uzun-Akmat 1977 Jalal-Abad Toktogul 5.00

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law 2 May 2011 No. 18 "On specially protected natural areas" (in Russian)
  2. ^ "State Agency on Environment Protection: Specially Protected Areas in Kyrgyzstan" (in Russian). State Agency for Environmental Protection and Forestry under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic. Archived from the original on 2017-11-07.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Specially protected natural territories of the Kyrgyz Republic". Department of Biodiversity Conservation and Specially Protected Natural Areas. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  4. ^ Decree 17 March 2014 No. 131 "On Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation of the Kyrgyz Republic for the period up to 2024 and the Action Plan for the Implementation of the Priorities for conservation of biological diversity of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2014-2020" (in Russian)
  5. ^ "Classification system of territorial units of the Kyrgyz Republic" (in Kyrgyz). National Statistics Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. May 2021. pp. 86–91.