Protected areas of Kyrgyzstan

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For the entire list, see List of protected areas of Kyrgyzstan.

The Protected areas of Kyrgyzstan cover 1,189,507 hectares and account for 6.3% of Kyrgyzstan's total area (as of February 2011). The first protected area in Kyrgyzstan was established in 1948. Since independence, the area of the protected areas in the country increased by almost 2.5 times. [1]

Ten State Nature Reserves (Kyrgyz: Мамлекеттик Корук, Russian: Государственный Заповедник) (IUCN Category I) were established for nature conservation and scientific research. They prohibit any economic activity violating natural complexes. The list of protected areas of Kyrgyzstan cover an area of 600,411 hectares. There are 10 strict nature reserves (IUCN Category I), 9 - nature national parks (IUCN Category II), 19 - natural monuments (IUCN Category III), one Biosphere Territory, and 49 - habitat/species management areas including

    • 23 - botanical reserves,
    • 10 - forest reserves,
    • 14 - game (zoological) reserves,
    • 2 - complex reserves) (IUCN Category IV).[2]

National Parks[edit]

In total, 9 State Nature National Parks (Russian: Государственный природный национальный парк) (IUCN Category II) occupy 287,173.2 hectares. In contrast to the state nature reserves, recreational uses are permitted in national parks.

Natural monuments[edit]

Natural monuments (IUCN Category III) (Russian: Памятник природы (геологический заказник)) amounts to 19.

Habitats/species management areas[edit]

The amount of habitat/species management areas (IUCN Category IV) in Kyrgyzstan is 49 including 23 - botanical reserves, 10 - forest reserves, 14 - game (zoological) reserves, 2 - complex reserves).[1]

Forest Reserves[edit]

Game (Zoological) Reserves[edit]

Botanical Reserves[edit]

Complex Reserves[edit]

State Nature Reserves[edit]

No Nature Reserve Established Province District Purpose
1 Issyk-Kul State Nature Reserve 10 December 1948 Issyk-Kul Province Tong District, Issyk Kul District Conservation of Ramsar wetlands
2 Sary-Chelek State Biosphere Nature Reserve 5 March 1959 Jalal-Abad Province Conservation of biodiversity and typical landscapes and unique Sary-Chelek Lake
3 Besh-Aral State Nature Reserve 21 March 1979 Jalal-Abad Province Chatkal District Conservation of the habitat of the Menzbier's Marmot and protection of West Tien-Shan flora
4 Naryn State Nature Reserve 29 December 1983 Naryn Province
5 Karatal-Japyryk State Nature Reserve 1 March 1994 Naryn Province
6 Sarychat-Ertash State Nature Reserve 10 March 1995 Issyk-Kul Province
7 Padyshata State Nature Reserve 3 July 2003 Jalal-Abad Province
8 Kulunata State Nature Reserve 11 August 2004 Osh Province
9 Karabuura State Nature Reserve 17 June 2005 Talas Province
10 Surmatash State Nature Reserve 27 June 2009 Batken Province

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b State Agency on Environment Protection: Specially Protected Areas in Kyrgyzstan (in Russian)
  2. ^ State Agency on Environment Protection: Specially Protected Areas in Kyrgyzstan (in Russian)