Protected areas of Libya

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Protected areas of Libya include any geographical area protected for a specific use.

Most protected areas are intended for the conservation of flora and fauna. Libya's national parks and nature reserves are maintained by the "Technical Committee of Wildlife and National Parks" which was created in 1990, as part of the General Secretariat of Agricultural Reclamation and Land Reform.[1][2]

Areas may also be protected for their value and importance as historical, cultural heritage or scientific sites. More information on these can be found in the list of heritage sites in Libya.

There were no national parks or protected areas in Libya prior to the Libyan coup of 1969. The new revolutionary government began to designate national parks and nature reserves in the 1970s. By 2009 seven national parks, five nature reserves and twenty-four other protected areas had been established, mostly along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.[3] Among the most visited of these areas are Karaboli National Park, El-Kouf National Park, Benghazi Nature Reserve, and Tripoli Nature Reserve along the coast, and Zellaf Nature Reserve in the southwestern desert.

Benghazi Nature Reserve[edit]

The Benghazi Nature Reserve is located north of the city of Benghazi about 14 km on the Mediterranean coast. Known for its migratory waterbirds, the reserve includes a stretch of beach dunes and salt marshes, as well as the Ayn Zayanah Lagoon. The lagoon is fed by a number of freshwater springs and flamingos winter over there. Despite its protected status, the area is also used for fishing and recreation. In a number of places garbage has been illegally dumped in the reserve.

El Kouf National Park[edit]

El Kouf National Park[4] is located near and to the west of the city of Bayda, in Jabal al Akhdar District in the forested hills of the Jebel Akhdar or Green Mountains. The park is only about 15 km wide from east and west, but it streaches from the coast for a 160 km to the south, following the course of Wadi el-Kouf. There are three major ecozones, beach dunes give way to maquis shrubland at higher elevations, with a fluvial microhabitat along the course of the wadi. The park protects both marine and land wildlife. Noted species include bottlenose dolphins, golden wolves, striped hyenas and small-spotted genets. The landscape includes cliffs and caves.[5]

National parks[edit]

Name Area (km²) Created District Notes
Abughilan National Park 40 1992 Jabal al Gharbi District
El-Kouf National Park 80 1978 Jabal al Akhdar District
Karabolli National Park 80 1992 Tripoli District (Tarabulus)
El Naggaza National Park 40 1993 Murqub District
Rajma National Park  ? Jabal al Gharbi District
Sirman National Park (Surman) 4 1992 Zawiya District

Nature reserves[edit]

Other protected areas[edit]

Ramsar wetlands[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Parks, Reserves, and Other Protected Areas in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya". Parks.it, The Portal about Parks in Italy. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  2. ^ Auzias, Dominique and Labourdette, Jean-Paul (2008) Le Petit Futé Libye (2nd edition) Petit Futé, Nouvelles éd. de l'Université, Paris, France, page 27, ISBN 978-2-7469-2276-1
  3. ^ Davies, Ethel (2009) North Africa: The Roman Coast Bradt Travel Guides, Chalfont St. Peter, Buckinghamshire, England, page 326, ISBN 978-1-84162-287-3
  4. ^ El Kouf National Park is also known as El Kauf National Park and Wadi el-Kouf Park.
  5. ^ "تعرفوا على منتزه وادي الكوف - منتديات أبناء ليبيا" in Arabic